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Full text of "John Burgwyn, Carolinian; John Jones, Virginian; their ancestors and descendants"

UNIVERSITY 
OF PITTSBURGH 




Dar. Rra. 
CS71 
B9575 
1913 



LIBRARIES 



% 



The Johes-BurgWin 
Family History 

By Walter Burgwyn Jones 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

University of Pittsburgh Library System 



http://www.archive.org/details/johnburgwyncarolOOjone 




JOHN BURGWIN 
From the Painting by John S. Copley, 1783 



John Burgwin, Carolinian 
John Jones, Virginian 



Their Ancestors and 
Descendants 



BY 

Walter Burgwyn Jones 

of Montgomery, Alabama 



1913 
Privately Printed 



Preface 



The accompanying brief sketch of my ancestors and kindred 
is an effort to preserve, for present and future family use, in 
convenient form, such facts and data as could be ascertained 
with the limited time and means at the writer's disposal. None 
realizes more keenly than he the many imperfections of the 
book. 

As the sketch is not intended for the public no explanation 
need be addressed to them. To those interested he might give 
many reasons in favor of the preservation of family histories and 
genealogies, but it will suffice to mention only a few of them. 

Veneration of honorable ancestry is a just instinct and won- 
derfully ennobling in its influences. An affectionate regard for 
the memory of those who have gone before is most natural and 
cannot justly yield anything to the animadversion of the cynic. 

It is also true that there are many today, descendants of 
honorable and interesting families, who find the virtues and 
character of utter strangers far more interesting than those of 
their own kindred. They seemingly little realize that a study 
of their forbears' useful and honorable careers would inspire 
them with far more self-respect and create in them a stronger 
desire to emulate the virtues of their worthy progenitors than 
would the study of lives of others with different blood. 

The writer desires here to express his deep appreciation of 
the many kindnesses extended by all who have aided him. 
Especially is he grateful to his cousins, Mrs. James C. Mar- 
shall, Mrs. Margaret C. D. Burgwyn, Mr. George Pollok 
Burgwyn and Mr. Junius Moore Riggs, to his aunt, Mrs. Mary 

( 3 ) 



Virginia Gesner, and to his father, Thomas Goode Jones, for 
their generous assistance in furnishing him much valuable and 
useful information. 

If some "weak and faltering kinsman shall find, in the ex- 
amples of honorable fidelity to duty recorded in these pages, in- 
spiration to new courage and higher endeavor" the writer will 
feel generously repaid for his labors. 



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The Burgwins 



( 5 ) 



"Nor can I consent to close until I have invoked the Divine 
blessing upon us and our posterity, that we may, by a noble 
Christian rectitude of walk and conversation, preserve the 
family escutcheon as unsullied as when it was committed to us 
by our sires. It is happily not necessary that we should dis- 
tinguish ourselves in order to fulfill the Divine purpose of our 
existence. He is greatest who lives most in harmony with the 
will of his Creator. There is indeed a royal knighthood before 
whose lists the roll of Battle Abbey pales into lusterless ob- 
scurity; a Prince whose shoes the proudest knight of King 
Arthur's mystic circle was not worthy to unlatch; upon whose 
imperial standard are emblazoned the issues of eternal life and 
eternal death. May you have the grace and the courage, and the 
wisdom to take upon your young manhood the vows of this royal 
order; and when the great tournament of life is over, and the 
seraphic herald proclaims the victor's lists, may you be there, 
to receive at the hands of your Prince the meed of everlasting 
glory." 

— From L. H. Jones' Family History. 



( 7 ) 




THE BURGWINS 

T THE close of the year 1750, (1) John Burgwin. 
(formerly Ap Gwyn, b. 1682 d. 1751) a wealthy 
land owner and widower, and the only survivor 
of the ancient and honorable family of Gwyn 
(Gwin), lived with his two sons in South Wales, England. 

(3) John Burgwin, younger son and first progenitor of the 
Burgwin Family in America, was born at Hereford, England, 
Feb. 25, 1731. (2) James, his elder brother, upon the death 
of their father inherited the large family estates, rent rolls, 
etc. "He had too long been accustomed to the solitude of an 
isolated castle and to intercourse with but very few of their 
remote neighbors, to desire a share in the literary tastes of their 
father. He was a most selfish and eccentric man. He disliked 
Americans so that to his mind American and Traitor were syn- 
onymous terms — disaffection in America had just begun to 
show itself. Averse to literature, without social feeling, it is no 
wonder that he shunned the society of ladies. He smoked his 
pipe, read the newspapers, conversed freely with his steward 
and game keeper, and mechanically took his seat in the family 
pew in the old church at Merioneth. 

"John's character was of a far more interesting nature. He 
was warm-hearted, intelligent, sincere and generous. His 
highly cultivated mind and love of literature had carried him 
through his several grades at Cambridge and Eton with honors, 
and his career at Oxford had nearly terminated when his father's 
summons and death produced a change as to his future course. 

"Shortly before death, John's father advised him to emigrate 
to America and there seek to improve his slender means by in- 
dustry and energy and strive to attain an honorable Indepen- 
dence. He left his son a packet of letters directed to particular 
friends — gentlemen of influence, respectability and wealth then 
residing in the Colonies — commending his son to their kind 

( 9 ) 



consideration. One letter was addressed to Mr. George Inglis, 
of Charleston, S. Carolina, a native of Scotland and related to 
to the ancient clan of that name. (1) Burgwin recommended 
his son to cultivate an acquaintance with Mr. Inglis and to be 
governed by his advice. 

"When the brothers separated, (2) James shaking hands 
with John observed: 'John, make your fortune and return. But 
if you marry an American, neither yourself nor your family shall 
possess a single shilling from me.' The old grey-haired butler 
and Gwynette, his foster-mother, wept as they bade him fare- 
well, and urged him to return soon ere death had sealed their 
eyes." (Mrs. Eliza I. Clitherall's Diary, Book I). 

After a voyage of seven weeks (3) John Burgwin arrived in 
Charleston, S. C, and the letters of introduction were delivered 
to their several addresses, but that to Mr. Inglis was presented 
first. He gave his dead friend's son a cordial welcome and 
through his influence Burgwin was received into the office of 
the most respectable firm of Hooper, Alexander & Co., with a 
salary far beyond his expectations. 

"Mr. Burgwin called at Mr. Inglis' the evening of the agree- 
ment and informed him of his acceptance of the position. 
'Your father,' observed Mr. Inglis, 'was an old and dear friend 
of mine and I rejoice in the opportunity to serve his son. This 
letter, Sir, (pointing to one laying open upon the table) bears 
strong testimony to your merit. Your determination to obtain 
Independence through your own efforts is evidence you pos- 
sess those great qualities essential to its attainment — decision, 
energy and perseverance. A stranger in a strange land, you 
will find many difficulties to surmount, many calls for self-con- 
trol, many a steep hill strewn with thorns to climb ere you reach 
the goal of your ambition, and many an ignis fatuus to lure you 
from the firm, strait path of rectitude. But, my young friend, 
bear Integrity for your shield, Prudence for your staff, and Per- 
severance for your motto, with your eyes constantly raised to 
that great Being from whom alone your strength can be derived 
or your efforts blest. I shall receive pleasure in introducing 
you to my friends, and, as we are now in social intercourse, let 

( 10 ) 



me advise you not to be hasty in forming intimacies. There are 
in ever}' place characters ready, and seeking, to lead astray the 
unsuspicious and unwary youth. By the associates you form 
your own character will rise or fall. Shun, oh shun ! the infidel 
and the gambler; however specious their pretensions, avoid 
such persons. Let us now adjourn to the drawing room and I 
will introduce you to my daughters, Eliza, by a former mar- 
riage, and Mary, by my last marriage. Both are motherless.' 
The evening passed pleasantly and Mr. Inglis expressed to 
Mr. Burgwin his desire that he should visit them without cere- 
mony; that he claimed him on Sundays and at those times he 
could spare from business or recreation." (ID.) 

"Mr. Inglis was a rare specimen of polished address, literary 
refinement and Christian attraction. Possessed of an inde- 
pendent fortune, his house was the abode of elegance, taste and 
hospitality. All who had heard of him respected, and all who 
knew loved him. His daughter Eliza (mother of Dr. George 
Clitherall) had received every advantage that money could pro- 
cure or the best society perfect. Her vigorous intellect had 
nurtured and matured every mental acquirement and at this 
period she was bethrothed to Mr. Thos. Loughton Smith." (ID.) 

Some time after the period referred to, (3) Burgwin was 
sent by his employers upon business to Wilmington, N. C. There 
he became acquainted with Miss Margaret Haynes, daughter 
of the wealthy planter and merchant Roger Haynes, Esquire, 
formerly of London and Lisbon. Her mother was the only 
daughter and heiress of the Rev. Richard Marsden. the first I 
and for several years rector of St. James' Parish. He was the " 
Episcopal clergyman to settle on the Cape Fear (N. C.) River,^ 
first owner from the original Lords Proprietors of the two d 
plantations later known as the HERMITAGE and CASTLE 
HAYNES, and prior to his coming to America was chaplain to 
the Duke of Portland, then the Governor of the Island of 
Jamaica. 

A mutual interchange of sentiment producing an engagement 
between Mr. Burgwin and Miss Margaret Haynes, Burgwin 
later removed to Wilmington, and having obtained the sanc- 



( 11 ) 



tion of her parents, he was united in marriage to Miss Haynes 
on February 15, 1753. Mrs. Burgwin lived but a few years and 
died October 19, 1770, without issue and was buried at CAS- 
TLE HAYNES, the splendid mansion erected by her father 
upon a tract of land about eight miles north of Wilmington. 

Mary Haynes, sister of Mrs. Burgwin, married in 1762 Gen- 
eral Hugh Waddell, (b. Ireand 1734; d. Apl. 9, 1773) a devout 
churchman and the founder of a long line of devoted churchmen 
and useful and honorable citizens. He was a member of the 
firm of John Burgwin & Co., opulent merchants who carried 
on a lucrative trade between Wilmington and London, Eng. 
"He won laurels when barely of age in the campaign in which 
Washington gained his first military experience, being promoted 
from lieutenant to captain. As Major he marched with Gen. 
Forbes to Ft. Duquesne. In the next year, 1759, we find him 
protecting the North Carolina frontiers against the Indians by 
building forts and fighting when needed. In 1765 he joined 
with John Ashe in leading forcible resistance to the enforcement 
of the Stamp Act. Gen. Waddell was interested in civil as well 
as military affairs, serving as a member of the Assembly from 
Rowan and Bladen. He settled on Cape Fear River at Rocky 
Point, on a plantation then and now called CASTLE HAYNES. 
Having great military talents and experience, being of indomit- 
able pluck and energy, possessed of large wealth and big brain, 
commanding manners and an impetus zeal for liberty, he seemed 
destined to stand high on the roll of the great generals who 
justified the confidence reposed in them by Washington. He was 
cut off by disease two years before blood flowed at Lexington 
and Concord." (Kemp P. Battle in DeRossette's 'Church 
History'). 

After Mrs. Burgwin's death CASTLE HAYNES was closed 
and Mr. Burgwin continued improvements upon the other tract, 
east of CASTLE HAYNES and across the county road. The 
small building then standing formed a wing of the new mansion- 
house to which Burgwin, comparing his solitary life to that of 
a recluse, gave the name of the HERMITAGE. "It was beau- 
tifully located and presented a very imposing appearance being 
one hundred and twenty feet long. The north faced a sloping 

( 12 ) 



lawn extending about one hundred and fifty yards to Prince 
George's Creek, and the south front faced a large flower garden, 
from which extended a broad avenue about half a mile long, 
with a double row of elms on each side, continued by a carriage 
way of more than a mile in length, under ditch and banks, 
through the pines, until it entered the county road leading to 
Wilmington. * * * The house contained seventeen rooms with a 
large, well ventilated cellarage extending under the whole. The 
building was of the most substantial character. Instead of 
weather-boarding the two wings were sided with cypress shin- 
gles, which, after the lapse of more than a hundred years, were 
as sound and solid as when first nailed on. It is stated that they 
were made under contract by Col. Saml. Ashe, then a young 
man and subsequently of Revolutionary fame. The framing tim- 
bers were very large and solid, and being of heart pitch pine, 
stood for many hours after the sides and roof had burned away, 
at the fire which destroyed it in 1881, presenting a very striking 
appearance as they stood in relief against the sky, erect and in 
place, a mass of blaze and heat." (Jas. G. Burr, Am. Mag. 
of Hist. Vol. XVI p. 435) "The workmen, Mr. Burgwin's own 
property, were directed by an English architect. Alcoves, 
bowers, a hot-house and fish-pond adorned the three acres laid 
off for pleasure grounds. A large vegetable, or as it was denom- 
inated Cook's Garden, yielded plentifully for the table. The 
HERMITAGE became a retreat for the weary merchant on 
the 'day of rest.' (Alas! How perverted.) The tired traveller 
found no lock on the great gate which led to the large house. 
The Master had 'freely received' and freely did he give. A shed 
room connected with the south wing was especially for, and so 
named, the Traveller's Room. The urbanity of Mr. Burgwin's 
manner, the liberality of his habits, his general information and 
cheerful disposition could not fail of attracting both daily and 
often weekly guests. The gardens were large and laid off in 
English style with a creek winding through the largest and 
upon its banks grew native shrubbery. A fish pond communica- 
ting with the creek produced an abundance of fish. * * * Up- 
on a mound of considerable heighth was erected a brick room 
containing shelves and a large number of books, chairs and 

( 13 ) 



table. This was called the Family Chapel, for in those days 
there was no regular worship in Wilmington and my Father was 
of opinion that family worship was a duty, and a building thus 
consecrated and used only for that purpose would stamp upon 
the performance a greater reverence." (Mrs. Clitherall's Diary) 
Upon the notes issued in 1815 by the Bank of Cape Fear was 
engraved a picture of the HERMITAGE in vignette. 

The HERMITAGE was the last survivor of the old time coun- 
try mansions of Cape Fear, and the plantation was the only one 
in the state which had been owned by one family and occupied 
by them from the time of its original grant by the royal paten- 
tees two hundred years ago down to the present day. The fur- 
niture was of massive mahogany imported from England. During 
the war between the States the mansion was occupied by Federal 
Troops and greatly desecrated. The splendid furniture was 
broken up or given to negroes and all of the books, family re- 
cords, etc. destroyed. A large and valuable oil painting, set in 
a panel over the mantel-piece in the drawing room, was picked to 
pieces by the soldiers in search of treasure with their baynotes. 

"The history of that picture presents the character of Mr. 
Burgwin in such an admirable light that it well deserves to be 
recorded. On his return to America, after the close of the 
Revolutionary War, he found himself greatly embarrassed by 
the debts which he owed in England, incurred before the war, 
while a great part of those due him in America could not be 
collected, owing to insolvencies and the Statute of Limitations 
and other obstacles interposed by his debtors. His English 
debts were barred by law, and wholly uncollectible as his credi- 
tors well knew. Yet, notwithstanding his great losses on this 
side, which nearly sacrificed his whole estate, such was his high 
sense of honor and indomitable energy that he did not rest until 
he paid off every dollar he owed, although the struggle continued 
through one half of his remaining years. It was to mark their 
appreciation of his honorable conduct that the merchants of the 
celebrated 'Lloyd's Coffee House' had the picture painted and 
sent to him. 

"It represented a forest scene, a dark thunder storm arising 
in the distance, and in the foreground two horses drawing a 

( 14 ) 



heavy load — straining every muscle in their effort to get it in 
before the storm should be upon them. It was greatly admired 
by connoisseurs, but its beauties were lost on the vandals who 
destroyed it, their sordid natures not being capable of seeing in 
a beautiful work of art anything but a supposed place of conceal- 
ment for hidden treasure. Its loss has naturally been greatly de- 
plored by the surviving members of the family, for they felt 
a just pride in possessing such a souvenir of their ancestor, re- 
flecting so much honor upon him. The subject of the picture 
was happily chosen, symbolizing, as it did, the herculean efforts 
of Mr. Burgwin to relieve himself of embarrassments when 
surrounded by the dark clouds of adversity." (J. G. Burr, 
Am. Mag. Hist. Nov. 1886 p. 436). 

Many references to (3) John Burgwin will be found in the 
Colonial Records of North Carolina. On Apl. 30, 1762 the Coun- 
cil ordered that a new commission of the peace and dedimus 
issue for the County of Bladen and that Hugh Waddell (Burg- 
win's brother-in-law) and John Burgwin be added thereto. (7 
Colonial Records 762) The same order was entered in March, 
1764. On Feb. 28, 1769 we find Burgwin sitting as a Magis- 
trate with a court of magistrates and free-holders on the trial 
of a slave named Quanimo for robbing sundry persons. The 
slave was found guilty and hanged the next day, his head being 
affixed to the Point near Wilmington. It would appear that 
Burgwin served as Magistrate for many years. In June 1768 
he was appointed Clerk of the Superior Court of Justices for the 
District of Wilmington by Chief Justice Martin Howard. By 
an act approved Dec. 5, 1768, his splendid talents as a pains- 
taking and accomplished accountant were recognized and he was 
appointed to examine and state the accounts of the Province from 
the year 1748. This was indeed a splendid tribute to his 
high integrity and wonderful abilities. In 1759 he was serving as 
Road Commissioner for the White Marsh District. In 1755 £ — 
he was serving as Quartermaster in Capt. McKenzie's Troop 
in New Hanover County and later was recommended as "the pro- 
perest person to be promoted to Cornel." On June 30, 1760 he ^ — 
was appointed Clerk of the Upper House of the Assembly and in 
Nov. 1762, we find him serving as Private Secretary to Gov. 

( 15 ) 



Dobbs. Gov. Tryon appointed him Register of the Court of 
Chancery in May, 1769 and the next day apointed him Master 
of the High Court of Chancery. On Dec. 4, 1773, he was elected 
and returned to the Assembly as a Representative from the 
County of Bladen. He served as Clerk of the Upper House for 
ten years and when his connection was severed the House resolv- 
ed "that during ten years service as Clerk of this House the said 
John Burgwin hath ever acted with the strictest Integrity and 
Honour and hath discharged all the duties of that office with 
skill and ability." 

"A citizen of Wilmington, conspicuous for attachment to 
church principles and for faithfulness in his civil duties was John 
Burgwin. * * * He was Clerk of the Council and Public 
Treasurer under Dobbs and Tryon, and had their full confidence. 
He was noted for strict business principles and talents as an 
acountant, his reputation in this regard extending even into the 
remotest regions where the Regulators nourished their hatred 
of fee bills and taxes." (Kemp P. Battle in "Church History of 
N. C." 140). 

While playing a game of Blind Man's Buff, at a party given 
by Mr. Burgwin at the HERMITAGE, on Jan. 8, 1775, he fell 
and received a dangerous fracture of the leg. "He languished 
in this position for five months without any appearance of cure, 
and at last by a surgeon of the first Eminence was advised to 
change this climate as soon as possible for that of England other- 
wise his life would be in danger." (C. R. N. C). The war 
between the Colonies and Great Britain was now in progress, 
and Mr. Burgwin having taken the oath of citizenship, arranged 
his affairs in Carolina, leased CASTLE HAYNES, the HER- 
MITAGE and MARSH CASTLE and departed for England 
where his monied property was secured. Burgwin, at this time, 
stood between Scylla and Charybdis. His English parentage 
and connections condemned his as British, and perhaps was one 
of the causes of the confiscation of his estates. However, the 
British troops regarded him as lawful game, plundered the 
HERMITAGE, fired MARSH CASTLE and carried off many 
of his slaves. Having taken the oath of citizenship before the 
War broke out, he maintained a neutral position. 

( 16 ) 



After his marriage in England Mr. Burgwin returned to 
America. From MARSH CASTLE, an estate he owned on 
Lake Waccamaw, under date of Aug. 5, 1780, he writes Gov. 
Nash asking that Lady Mercer and children, who had been at 
his house since May and who were anxious to join their husband 
and father (late Purveyor General at Charleston), be permitted 
to Pass to George Town. Burgwin states that as "it will be 
loansome for the ladies to go by themselves through the woods" 
he will send his clerk with them and lend them horses, chaise 
and a servant. 

The Council of State at Kingston on Oct. 27, 1778 granted 
Burgwin, who had just arrived at Wilmington from New York, 
a parole. On Jan. 23, 1779, a joint committee of both houses of 
the Legislature appointed to receive and hear the petitions of per- 
sons desiring to be admitted to citizenship in North Carolina 
reported that they found the facts stated in Burgwin's petition for 
citizenship to be true and that while in England "upon hearing 
of the confiscation Act, notwithstanding his then infirm state of 
health, he embarked for New York, where he arrived and re- 
ceived passport from Congress to this State. The many public 
services that gentleman formerly rendered this country and his 
ready compliance with its laws gives us no room to doubt his 
attachment to its interests. We therefore unanimously recommend 
him to be received as a citizen and that his property be restored 
to him." Later, it being found that his property had been il- 
legally and without justification confiscated, and probably at 
the instance of business competitors, it was restored to him. 
(Col. Rec. N. C. 13:650-51, 734. 16:248) In Vol. 9 of the 
Colonial Records of North Carolina at pages 1109-11 will be 
found Burgwin's correspondence with the Safety Committee con- 
cerning the amount of gun-powder he had on hand in 1775 
when the War broke out. 

While in England Mr. Burgwin met and married Miss Eliza 
Bush, dau. of George Bush and Elizabeth (Moore) Bush and 
a grand-daughter of Paul Moore (b. 1673) of England. Mr. 
Bush lived at ASHLEY BARN near Bristol, Eng., and his 
daughter, Eliza, was born Feb. 15, 1753, and by a strange 
coincidence on the same day and to the very hour of Mr. Burg- 

( 17 ) 



win's first marriage to Margaret Haynes. The Bush home was 
of "freestone, plain and spacious. Its elegant simplicity corres- 
ponded with the mien and character of its owners, who were 
of that pure, respectable, and consistent denomination called 
Quakers. Few, if any, were more loved and respected than this 
family. From their door the needy suppliant never returned 
unsatisfied. The poor sick traveller was pitied and relieved; the 
vagrant admonished, the widow or fatherless never sued in vain; 
they were warm'd — they were cloth'd, they were fed. Mercy 
received and Truth bade them welcome. Nor had this long and 
ancient family descent one stain to sully the lustre of its Chris- 
tian escuthcheon. A cherished circle of four daughters and two 
sons surrounded the family hearthstone. Love and Harmony 
presided, and the happiness of each reflected the smiles of those 
around. They had never at the church altar vowed to re- 
nounce, but they evidenced by their lives that they rejected 
the 'pomps and vanities' of this world. Neither pride nor 
avarice held communication with their wealth; bountifully had 
God blessed their stores and freely did they dispense from their 
abundance to the needy. Early hours were a part of the family 
system and the spare time which too many young ladies devote 
to dress and novels was by Mrs. Bush and daughters appropriated 
to visit to the cottagers around, sewing for the little motherless 
children and ministering to the sick. Priscilla Bush (sister 
of Eliza) was a kind, affectionate and sacrificing woman, devot- 
edly attached to her sister. They were twins in heart, though 
differing in appearance, but Eliza was the universal favorite. 
She possessed all the amiable qualities of Priscilla. Whilst the 
latter won, the former commanded admiration. Native dignity, 
ease, suavity, a winning address, and elegance of manner se- 
cured the esteem at first inspired. In her character was a tinc- 
ture of romance, but it was as a swift passing cloud over the pic- 
ture we portray. Her heart was a well spring of tenderness — be- 
nevolent from principle — not in high sounding donations upon a 
subscription list, resembling the torrent's rush, but flowing as 
the gentle stream refreshing in its course and reviving the droop- 
ing, suffering child of poverty. Severe only in self judgment, 

( 18 ) 








BURGWIN'S COAT OF ARMS 



she threw the veil of pity over the failings of others. Even those 
who were conscious of deserved condemnation felt assured that 
upon them, unless duty or justice dictated, censure from her 
would not be expressed. Her heart's monitor led her often to 
repeat: 'Lord, what would I be but for Thy grace?' Her 
habitual practice of virtue evidenced her abhorrence of vice. 
Warm and sincere in her professions, those whom she received 
to her heart she loved to distinguish. As a Christian she was 
consistent, as a daughter she united with her sister in watching 
every opportunity to comfort, to assist and to cherish her aged 
parents, to meet their wish, to follow their precept. Having 
a natural taste for reading and gifted with a retentive memory, 
she had made the best authors her close study, and by this prac- 
tice was preparing her mind for the reception of such knowledge 
as the future vicissitudes of life might call forth. The utmost 
efforts of a heart over-flowing with filial love fail in this feeble 
attempt to eulogize the lovely mother. Alas ! It is only from the 
recital of those who knew her well and knew her long and from 
the perusal of many of her letters to those who possessed her 
confidence and regard (letters — the index of a heart which 
knew no double covering) that her only daughter has made this 
essay." (Mrs. Clitherall's Diary). 

"According to the regulations of the Society of Quakers, a 
member of their denomination could not marry out of their pale 
and remain a member. Regretting the circumstance and neces- 
sity of withdrawing from 'her own people/ for her troth had been 
long plighted to Mr. Burgwin whose church principles had 
'grown with his growth and strengthened with his strength,' 
Eliza consented to their marriage ceremony being performed at 
St. Mary's Church, Thornbury, Gloucestershire, where their 
vows were plighted and consummated by her cousin, the Rev. 
Richard King." (ID.) The entry on the vestry records is as 
follows: "No. 408. John Burgwin, of this Parish, Esquire, and 
Elisabeth Bush, of the Parish of St. James, Bristol in the 
County of Gloucester, spinster, were married in this church by 
license this the 27th day of April in the year of our Lord one 



( 19 ) 



thousand seven hundred and eighty-two by me Richard King, 
minister. This marriage solemnized between us — 

John Burgwin. 
Elizth Bush. 
In the presence of Sally Sergeant, Henry King, W. Holmes." 

After the ceremony the bridal party repaired to the GROVE, 
a beautiful country house one mile from Thornbury and about 
three miles from Alveston, which Mr. Burgwin had rented for 
a year. Later Mr. and Mrs. Burgwin removed to ASHLEY 
BARN were they remained until their departure for America 
in February, 1784. 

Eliza Burgwin lived only a few brief years after her mar- 
riage, dying at Wilmington on October 19th, 1787, "universally 
lamented by all who knew her. Her deportment through all the 
walks of life invariably marked her as the most tender wife, 
affectionate parent, and indulgent mistress, the true and sincere 
friend: possessing in an eminent degree all those virtues of the 
human soul necessary to constitute the good and amiable Chris- 
tian. 

"Blessed with the most benevolent and charitable disposition, 
her feeling and sympathizing heart was ever warm, and expanded 
in the relief of the unfortunate and distressed: humane to all, 
she viewed herself as fulfilling the most noble purposes of her 
being, in alleviating as much as was in her power, the calamities 
of others, and wiping the tears of affliction from sorrow's eyes — 
But, Alas ! The soul thus glowing with every friendly and tender 
sensation, was itself unshielded from adversity: agnozing pain 
and torturing disease exempt neither the good or the great : this 
is a sad and mournful truth. During her third pregnancy, at a 
period when nature was least able to support her under the 
complicated distresses; participating in all the difficulties and 
jDainful anxieties of her husband during his political embarrass- 
ments, for the recovery of his natural and civil rights, which, 
though happily terminated, yet the impression, and subsequent 
emotions they were creative of, bore too heavy on her; their na- 
ture was too distressing for uncommon sensibility and their in- 
fluence on her health and general system, was proportionately 
great, they being irreparably injured; and notwithstanding she 

( 20 ) 



was falsely delivered seven weeks, yet nature so materially ener- 
vated was unable to re-establish herself, and after a lingering 
and tedious illness, which she bore with Christian patience and 
composure of mind, she departed this life on the 19th of October, 
(1787) in the thirty-fourth year of her age, with becoming re- 
signation to the will of Providence. This Lady had been born, 
bred and educated a Quaker, and died firm in that persuasion; 
and although, she married without the pale of their church, yet 
she never deviated from the essential points of their doctrine, 
and as she lived so she died in strict communion with that faith. 
Her burial was conducted, by her own request, agreeably to 
their established form, without ostentation, attended by a numer- 
ous company of Ladies and Gentlemen to the place of interment, 
from which she was immediately conveyed to the family burying 
ground near the HERMITAGE. She left a disconsolate hus- 
band, with three little children, a beloved and affectionate sister, 
whose grief on this occasion beggars expression, with other re- 
lations, and many friends and acquaintances to bewail her loss. 
The society of that place, in her death, had sustained a chasm not 
easily to be supplied. As a Lady she was sensible, well-bred and 
polite; uniting great natural delicacy of mind, with much culti- 
vated refinement. She was esteemed in every circle as the pleas- 
ure of her friends and acquaintances, and a bright ornament of 
her sex." (From a Charleston newspaper of November, 1787) 
"Such a funeral procession had never before been witnessed in 
Wilmington. The English stranger was beloved by all classes 
in society. The innate refinement of her mind, her loving heart, 
her winning address, her humane treatment of her servants, and 
above all her constant deportment as a Christian was known and 
felt by all who knew her." 

Sixteen years later (May 21, 1803) John Burgwin died at 
the HERMITAGE in the seventy-second year of his age and 
was laid to rest among his dead in the family burying ground. 

ISSUE (4) John Fanning, (5) Caroline Elizabeth and (6) 
George William Bush Burgwin. 



( 21 ) 



THIRD GENERATION. 

(4) JOHN FANNING BURGWIN, son of (3), was born 
at the GROVE, near Thornbury, England, on March 14, 1783, 
and was baptized in the old church at Thornbury on the 23rd of 
April following, his sponsors being Col. Edmund Fanning, Lt. 
Gov. of Nova Scotia; Henry King of Alveston, Esquire; Eliza- 
beth Hamilton, proxy for Mrs. Mary Hooper of N. C. and Sally 
Sergeant. On Aug. 30, 1806, at Saratoga Springs, N. Y., he 
was married to Miss Sarah Pierrepont Hunt, the daughter of 
Robert and Eunice (Edwards) Hunt, of New Bern, N. C. 
Eunice Edwards was an aunt of Vice President Aaron Burr and 
a daughter of Johnathan Edwards, the celebrated divine. She 
first married in 1764 Thomas Pollok, (b. Jan. 5, 1730, d. 1777) 
a grandson of Major General Thomas Pollok and his wife, 
Martha Cullen, (b. May 1, 1663 at Dover, d. March 17, 
1700-01.) Major General Pollok was one of the most conspic- 
uous men in the early annals of North Carolina. He was a 
man of sterling worth, ability and character and one of the 
most prominent, influential and richest inhabitants. He was 
President of the Council and became Governor as the successor 
of Hyde. He was born in Glasgow, May 6th, 1654, and emi- 
grated to Albermarle in 1683 as the Deputy of Lord Cartaret. 
He came from an ancient family, whose heirs owned the estates of 
Balgre, continuously from the reign of James III of Scotland. 
General Pollok was a stalwart churchman, though one of the 
early missionaries claims that he was luke warm on the subject 
of receiving the holy communion. Pollok possessed in full 
share the thrift of the canny Scotchman. In advancing money to 
Baron de Graffenreid, he was careful to take a mortgage on the 
lands bought by him for the Swiss and Palatine Colonists and 
those lands on foreclosure went into the hands of his heirs, the 
massacre of the whites in 1771 so discouraging deGraffenreid 
that he returned to his native country. (Colonial Laymen of 
the Church of England in North Carolina, Kemp Battle.) 

Eunice Pollok had four children by her first husband: one of 
whom Frances, born March 18, 177 — , married on April 8. 

( 22 ) 




JOHN FANNING BURGWIN 



1790, John Devereux and their daughter Frances Pollok Deve- 
reux married Leonidas Polk, First Bishop of Louisiana, and a 
Lieutenant General, C. S. A. Thomas and George Pollok died 
intestate and without issue and their property went to their 
whole sister Frances's (Mrs. Devereux) heirs and their half- 
sister's (Mrs. J. F. Burgwin) heirs. 

Sara Pierrepont Hunt (d. Apl. 17, 1823), was the only daugh- 
ter of her mother's second marriage, and she was the mother 
of all of John Burgwin's children. (4) Mr. Burgwin was a 
large merchant doing business at Fayetteville, Wilmington, New 
Bern and New York. He married, secondly, Miss Ellen Barber, 
of Bath, England, but she died without issue. Mr. Burgwin 
died at Raliegh, N. C. in 1864 in the eighty-first year of his 
age. 

ISSUE: (7) Julia Theodosia, (8) Geo. Pollok Alverston 
(died young without issue), (9) Henry King, (10) Thos. Pollok 
(b. Dec. 3, 1814 m. Matilda Barclay and died 1868 without 
issue); (11) John Collinson (d. y. No issue); (12) Edward 
Devereux (d. y.) ; (13) William Devereux (d. y.) ; (14) Sarah 
Emily. 

CAROLINE ELIZABETH BURGWIN, (dau. of No. 3) was 
born at Charleston, South Carolina, April 9, 1784, the evening of 
the same day her parents completed a ten weeks voyage from 
England to America. 

The following October while returning with her parents from 
a trip to Newport, R. I., an incident occured which she tells 
most interestingly in her diary: "Constant head winds and 
stormy weather produced upon Mrs. Burgwin (her mother) and 
Sophy (a maid) excessive sea-sickness. Priscilla (sister of Mrs. 
Burgwin) and old Robert, whom Mr. Burgwin always travelled 
with as a most efficient body servant, were the only two of the 
party capable of nursing. Provisions gave out — the captain 
was constantly intoxicated — their situation gloomy indeed. The 
baby's (Caroline) disease gradually increased and she slowly ex- 
hausted and sank into the sleep of death. Priscilla, with that 
energy of mind with which some characters are gifted, dressed 
and laid out the little body, while the ship's captain prepared 
the box which was to guard it in the deep. Priscilla, through 

( 23 ) 



one of those mysterious providences of God, was enabled to sit 
by and watch the little sleeper until the last mournful duties 
would oblige her to give it up. But there was an arm above Who 
held that little being's soul in His power and to accomplish ends 
He alone could direct. The inebriate captain approached the 
table upon which the inanimate infant was laid. From his li- 
quor case he drew a bottle and having drunk placed it upon the 
table. A providence directed lurch of the vessel upset the bottle 
and its contents were emptied upon the little unconscious body — 
its face and breast were deluged and in wiping off the brandy 
Priscilla imagined she saw some motion of the breast. Calling 
old Robert they made use of friction with the application of 
flannels until a partial animation was restored. Continuing ef- 
forts were permitted to succeed: flickering life became stronger 
and stronger until the little babe, restored to strength and mo- 
tion, was placed by the grateful Priscilla in its astonished 
mother's arms, as sick and languishing and mourning she lay in 
her stateroom. Such emotions as she felt are not to be de- 
fined. A something within must have whispered to her: 'Cherish 
this infant God has restored to thee: raise it for Him — dedicate 
her to His service.' " 

The arrival of her father with his English wife and little child 
at the HERMITAGE is also vividly described in the Diary and 
I quote a part of it: "With smiling faces and extended hands 
the negroes from each plantation had assembled on the Piazzo 
to welcome 'Massa and he new wife.' 'Bless de Lord! We'se 
got Missus and little Missus too; she was very poor and walk 
sickly, but now she be come home and hab her own niggers to 
wait on her she'll do better. Here, Aunt Dolly, let ebry body 
see our little Missus. God bless our Massa and Missus.' And 
each faithful creature, shaking the hand of Mr. and Mrs. Burg- 
win, courtesying and scraping returned to their little cabins. 
Mrs. Burgwin pronounced the next three days to be 'days of 
jubilee.' She had brought out several bolts of calico, head 
handkerchiefs and hats and a large parcel of needles, thread, 
etc. The next day Priscilla, Sophy and herself measured off 
a dress to each woman, a hat and handkerchief to the men, and 
for those who could not sew they cut and made their own gowns. 

( 24 ) 



How often have I heard my dear father relate this anecdote of 
my aunt and mother, adding: 'The time lost from their labour 
was amply made up by their after exertion and gratitude.' My 
dearest mother often spoke of the responsibility to which Mas- 
ters and Mistresses were liable not only for the care of their 
Servant's bodies but for their souls. She held religious instruc- 
tion a duty, and on Sundays regularly assembled all who would 
attend and read the Scriptures and conversed with them." 

Soon after Mrs. Burgwin's death, Caroline, accompanied by 
her Aunt Priscilla, was sent to England to be educated and raised 
by her mother's people. She remained in England until Sep- 
tember, 1 800. While there several of her years were spent under 
the guardianship of her maternal aunt, Mrs. Frances Elizabeth 
King (1757-1821) wife of the Rev. Rchd. King and the author 
of "Female Scripture Characters" and the "Rector's Memoran- 
dum Book" — two little volumes which went through more than 
eleven editions and were very popular in England. Caroline 
Burgwin was a cousin of the Rev. John Collinson, Rector of 
Boldon, and a very eminent and scholarly divine. He was the 
father of Capt. Rchd. Collinson, R. N., C.B., who was sent out 
by the English Admiralty in search of the arctic explorer, Sir 
John Franklin. Capt. Collinson's party was not heard from 
for five years and it was feared that he and his party were also 
lost. 

At Wilmington, N. C, on May 5, 1802, Caroline Burgwin was 
married to George Campbell Clitherall, of North Carolina, later 
an Assistant Surgeon in the United States Army. His father 
James Clitherall, was the son and only child of John Clitherall, 
of New Bern, N. C. John Clitherall married Magdalene Cath- 
cart whose mother, Margaret Cathcart, was a descendant of the 
family of Earl Cathcart, of Scotland, from whence her father 
emigrated in 1740. James Clitherall (d. Aug. 16, 1811) was 
graduated after a seven years course in medicine and surgery at 
Edinburgh Univerity and practiced his profession at Charles- 
ton, S. C, winning an enviable repuation by his great skill and 
learning. There he married Mrs. Eliza Inglis Smith, (d. Oct. 
13, 1810) relict of Thos. Loughton Smith and daughter of Geo. 
Inglis. Dr. Clitherall was appointed Hospital Surgeon's Mate, 

( 25 ) 



March 8, 1817; Post Surgeon Apl. 18, 1818, and was retained as 
Assistant Surgeon from June 1, 1821. He died Nov. 10, 1829, 
at Fort Johnston, X. C, where he had been stationed for many 
years. He was a gentleman of charming personality and at- 
tracted friends from every walk of life. His brave, cheerful 
spirit, quiet fortitude and unflinching integrity bore him not 
only undaunted, but unmurmuring through the many anxieties 
and responsibilities of his arduous life. 

Financial reverses over-taking them, Mrs. Clitherall conducted 
a boarding school for young ladies, opening first in January, 
1814 at THORNBURY, her home four miles from Wilmington 
on the east bank of the Cape Fear. She also conducted a school 
at Smithville, with much success for many years and after her 
removal to Alabama in 1837 she taught school at Greensboro 
and Tuscaloosa. She died at Montgomery, Alabama, Oct. 9, 
1863 and is buried in Oakwood Cemetery. "Of great personal 
beauty, which even old age seemed reluctant to efface, and did 
not wholly; with a strong and active intellect which had re- 
ceived much careful culture in her youth, and which she con- 
tinued to cultivate assiduously ever afterwards by judicious read- 
ing and an enthusiastic pursuit of useful knowledge; with a mind 
thus furnished with almost inexhaustless resources, which a 
retentive memory and rare conversational powers made always 
available, and with a genial temperament, a kind heart, and cor- 
dial affability prompted her to use lavishly for the entertainment 
of her friends making her society, as all who have enjoyed it 
will testify, a charm and fascination to old and young. With cul- 
tivated manners, which while commanding respect and making 
rudeness blush in her presence, were at the same time exceedingly 
winning; and with uniformly consistent piety, gently asserting 
but firmly maintaining sweet control over and giving additional 
attractiveness to all her other gifts — there was in her an har- 
monious assemblage of attributes and graces as beautiful as it 
is rare, which once seen, is not forgotten. A rich legacy must 
her blessed memory be to her surviving relatives. To emulate 
her virtues would be a noble endeavour: to rival her in grace- 
ful accomplishments, a worthy ambition: to equal her in Chris- 
tian attainments, a sure guarantee of the welcome plaudit, which 

( 26 ) 



she herself has no doubt received, 'Well done thou good and 
faithful servant, enter thou into the joy of thy Lord.' The Pro- 
testant Episcopal Church, of which she was for many years a 
devout and zealous member, witnessed in her a beautiful exem- 
plification of the excellence and fruitfulness of her teachings 
when received into 'an honest and good heart.' And all who 
knew, as the writer of this brief tribute did, 'what manner of 
person' she was in all holy conversation and godliness, will long 
remember her as a true 'mother in Israel' who walked far more 
nearly than is often done 'in all the commandments and ordin- 
ances of the Lord blameless.' And thus 'made meete' by divine 
grace, to be 'partakers of the saints in light.' Though sorely 
missed alike around the family hearthstone, in the social circle 
and in the house of prayer, we will not selfishly wish her back 
to earth. 

'She sleeps in Jesus — calmly sleeps: 

Then wipe away the tear, 

Which glooms and dims the eye that weeps 

Because she is not here. 

The dead are like the stars by day; 

Withdrawn from mortal eye, 

But not extinct, they hold their way 

In glory through the sky.' " 

ISSUE: (15) Eliza Inglis Clitherall; (16) Emily Priscilla 
Bush, 1805-12; (17) James Campbell, 1807-11; (18) Harriett 
Alexandrene Smith; (19) Mary Georgena, 1813-15; (20) Geo. 
Bush Burgwyn; (21) Frances King; (22) Madeleine Mary; 
(23) Alexander Baron Clitherall. 

(6) George William Bush Burgwin, younger son of No. 3, 
was born at the HERMITAGE, Sept. 2, 1787, about six weeks 
before the death of his mother, Eliza Bush Burgwin. On April 
7, 1807, he married Miss Maria Nash, daughter of Gov. Abner 
Nash, of N. C, and sister of Chief Justice Frederick Nash. 
She was born Oct. 27, 1786. Col. Jno. Nash, grandfather of 
Mrs. G. W. B. Burgwin, was of Templeton Manor, Va., and was 
the son of Abner Nash of Tenby, S. Wales. He was presiding 
judge of Prince Edward County, an official in the colonial army 

( 27 ) 



and a member of the House of Burgesses of Virginia. Col. Nash 
had two sons: Francis, — who served in the Revolutionary Army 
as a brigadier general and was killed at the battle of German- 
town, Oct. 4, 1777, while leading the North Carolina Troops, 
and Abner, father of Mrs. Burgwin, who died in New York, 
Dec. 2, 1786. He was a lawyer of great ability and of immense 
political influence. He was a member of the committee that pre- 
pared the Constitution and Bill of Rights of N. C. and was the 
first speaker of the House of Commons of N. C. and was the 
second governor of that State. At the time of his death he was 
a member of the Federal Congress. Gov. Nash married Mary 
Whiting Jones, a lineal descendant of Gov. Bradford, the famous 
Governor of Pilgrim Colony, who came to this country in the 
Mayflower in 1620. Mr. Burgwin farmed on an extensive scale 
and the cultivation of his huge rice plantation occupied the active 
years of his life. Mrs. Burgwin lived only a short while after 
the death of her son, Capt. Burgwyn, of the United States Dra- 
goons Avho fell at Pueblo de Taos. She died literally of a 
broken heart. 

ISSUE: (24) Frances Eliza Bush; (25) Mary Nash (d. y.) ; 
(26) John Henry King; (27) Margaret Ann; (28) Caroline 
Athelia; (29) George Clitherall, (d. y.), (30) Frederick Nash 
(d. y.); (31) Witherspoon Hasell; (32) Ann Maria; (33) Sarah 
Priscilla; (34) Nathaniel Hill. 

FOURTH GENERATION. 

(7) Julia Theodosia Burgwyn, daughter of No. 4, was born 
at Wilmington, North Carolina, Sept. 30, 1807. On Dec. 28, 
1839 she was married to the Rev. Cameron Farquahar McRae 
(d. Aug. 1872) of the Episcopal Church. She died in Phila- 
delphia June 19, 1853. Rev. McRae later married Susan Plum- 
mer by whom he had several children. 

ISSUE: (McRae-Burgwyn) (35) Sarah Pierrepont, d. Apl. 
27, 1845; (36) Cameron Farquhar, d. May 18, 1845; (37) John 
Burgwyn; (38) Katherine Mary, d. 1847; (39) Donald Far- 
quhar, d. Feb. 28, 1851; (40) Anne Julia, d. May, 1850; (41) 
Geo. Henry Edwards, d. May, 3, 1854. 

( 28 ) 



(9) Henry King Burgwyn, son of No. 4, was born in New 
York, Jan. 7, 1813. On Nov. 29, 1838 he married Ann Gree- 
nough, (b. Oct. 13, 1817) of an old and distinguished New Eng- 
land family. Mr. Burgwyn died at Richmond, Va., Feb. 2, 
1877. 

ISSUE: (42) Maria Greenough; (43) Henry King; (44) 
William Hyslop Sumner; (45) John Collinson (d. y.) ; (46) 
Ann Greenough, (d. y.) ; (47) George Pollok; (48) John 
Alveston; (49) Collinson Pierrepont Edwards Burgwyn, who 
is a distinguished civil and hydraulic engineer of Richmond, Va. 
He is a C. E. of Harvard University and Lawrence Scientific 
School and an A. B. of Harvard College. 

(14) Sarah Emily Burgwyn, daughter of No. 4, died April 
8, 1905, in Philadelphia. "In the death of Miss Burgwyn there 
passes away a lady not only widely known and greatly esteemed 
in this country but also throughout Europe, and one of the most 
noted belles of the fifties. Born in North Carolina, she came of 
distinguished English conservative stock, which showed itself in 
the career of her father, the late Mr. John Fanning Burgwyn. 
On her mother's side she inherited the mental powers and high 
virtue of the descendants of Jonathan Edwards. She combined 
many noble and high qualities with a winning and graciousness 
af manner which made her many friends during her long and 
eventful life. Entering Philadelphia Society under the distin- 
guished auspices of Judge and Mrs. Joseph Hopkinson and Mrs. 
Wm. Biddle she met many of its most noted leaders who ac- 
corded her a hospitable welcome. Among her many friends was 
Mrs. James Rush, who chaperoned her when she visited Sara- 
toga, Newport and Boston, accompanied by her father and 
uncle. In after years, in speaking of those times, she would men- 
tion the names of Willis and Curtis as among her friends. Later 
in life she passed much of her time in Europe, and during her 
residence in Florence she became the friend of Mr. and Mrs. 
Browning, Mrs. Trollope and Chas. Lever. She had also the rare 
gift of retaining the friendship and inspiring affection in the sons 
and daughters of former friends. For the past twenty years 
she has been living very quietly with her niece, Miss Katherine 
McRae." (Philadelphia Evening Bulletin, Apl. 8, 1905). 

( 29 ) 



(15) Eliza Inglis Clitherall, dau. of Dr. George Campbell 
Clitherall and his wife No. 5, was born at Charleston, S. C, 
June 2, 1803. At Smithville, N. C, on May 22, 1820, she was 
married by the Rev. Thos. Wright to Junius Alexander Moore, 
(son of James and Rebecca Davis Moore), a lawyer who was 
born at BRUSH HILL, the seat of his father, near Wilmington, 
N. C. About 1837 Mr. Moore removed to Alabama where he 
continued to practice his profession and died at Tuscaloosa, Ala., 
June 2, 1844. 

Mrs. Eliza Moore was one of the most charitable and gener- 
ous women who ever lived and few women in the South worked 
harder than she for the comfort of the Confederate Soldier. 
"Where is now Nachman & Meertiff's store, once the famous 
Concert and Estelle Halls, on the corner of Perry and Dexter 
Avenue, was still another Confederate hospital, the surgeon be- 
ing Dr. Wm. Holt. Here also the ladies worked valiantly under 
the direct leadership of Mrs. Eliza Clitherall Moore." (Memor- 
ial Ass'n of Mtgy. Its Origin and Organization by Mary A. 
Cory, p. 18). "During the war there were many societies among 
the ladies of Montgomery for the alleviation of suffering, among 
them being Ladies' Aid Societies, where the good women met 
and plied their needles for sweet love's sake. The President of 
one of the most prominent of these was Mrs. Eliza Clitherall 
Moore, who with her able co-laborers worked night and day over 
the cutting tables with sewing needles, making every needful 
thing for the soldiers in distant camps and battle fields. Under 
her supervision were even the bright faced schools girls, who fled 
from books to this blessed work as a pastime more glorious than 
play. Mrs. Moore died July 9, 1886. A more devoted Con- 
federate never ministered to the wounded and dying. Never 
did she waver until 'The warrior's banner winged its flight to 
greet the warrior's soul.' " (ID. p. 10). 

Junius A. Moore "was gifted with talents of the highest order, 
to which he had added a fund of rich and varied information. 
As a scholar he was eminent alike for his profund learning, and 
the beautifully chaste and classic style which characterized his 
conversation and writings. His life as a husband and father 
was most tender, gentle and affectionate. Kindness, generosity, 

( 30 ) 



and amiability marked all his intercourse with his fellows. He 
was, indeed, 'a gentleman of the old school/ and the tear of 
sympathy shed by many friends testified that his family were 
not solitary in their bereavement; but ere 'Life's fitful fever 
o'er' he gave them a rich source of consolation, in the declaration 
of his belief that his prayers were heard and accepted at the 
throne of grace — that his peace was made with God." (Obit- 
uary from old Tuscaloosa paper.) His personal qualities en- 
deared him to many friends and his loyalty and devotion to them 
were marked traits of his character. 

He was a lineal descendant of James Moore (1640-1706) 
Governor of South Carolina in 1700 and later Attorney General 
of the Province. "Jas. Moore was a bold, adventurous man, of 
high spirit, unflinching courage and strong mind and he soon 
Decani" a leader of men. He was one of the ablest soldiers of 
the Province and had greatly distinguished himself in the nu- 
merous wars with the Spanish and Indians." (Address of 
Junius Davis before Sup. Ct. of N. C, Apl. 29, 1899). "He was 
a hot headed Irishman, said to be the son of the Irish Chieftain 
Roger Moore, who as Hume says 'First formed the project of 
expelling the English and asserting the independence of his 
native country' and who had been a leader in the revolt after 
Strafford. (1641) He was the type of his countrymen, the type 
also of the 'gentleman adventurer' who had sailed with Drake 
and Raleigh two generations before. He had come from Bar- 
badoes where he had married Elizabeth, the daughter of Sir 
John Yeamans, had led a bold and adventurous life, had pene- 
trated the wilderness, traded and fought with the Indians, cros- 
sed the Appalachians and found traces of gold there. * * * 
Moore planned and carried out successfully an expedition against 
the Appalachian Indians, who, living northwest of St. Augus- 
tine, were not only the allies and pupils, but the food purveyors 
of the Spaniards. With fifty white men and some Indians, Moore 
marched against and stormed seven well-made Spanish-Indian 
forts securing many prisoners and considerable booty. This 
expedition besides costing the government nothing taught the 
Indians great respect for the whites." (Ravenel, Charleston — 

( 31 ) 



the Place and the People). Gov. Moore's eldest son, James, 
also became Governor of S. C. (1720). 

Col. Maurice Moore, younger son of Jas Moore (1640-1706), 
acompanied his brother in 1712, as an officer in the expedition 
against the Tuscaroras. While there he married the first time, 
Mary Porter, dau. of John Porter and his wife Sarah Lillington 
who was a daughter of Gov. Alexr. Lillington. The old saying 
that there is no love like mother love was given heroic exempli- 
fication by Sarah Lillington Porter. During the terrible Indian 
Massacre in 1711 her home was attacked by Indians and a 
powerful warrior seized her infant child and was about to dash 
its brains out against a tree when the mother rushed up ; leaping 
upon the warrior she bore him to the ground and rescued her 
child. A few minutes later her busband (Jno. Porter, Jr.) and 
friends came up and the little party managed to reach the river 
and make their escape. The Indians however burned their little 
home. (Ashe's Hist. N. C. Vol. I, p. 183). 

To Maurice Moore belongs the honor of founding, about 1725, 
Brunswick, the first permanent settlement of the Cape Fear re- 
gion. Maurice was a brother of "Old King Roger" Moore, so 
called because of his great wealth and numerous slaves. One of 
the last battles with the Indians of the Cape Fear was fought 
by old "King Roger" and his slaves at Sugar Loaf. (Ashe's 
Hist. N. C, Vol. 1). Col. Maurice Moore "was a churchman, at 
one time sharing with Mosely the distiction of being the strongest 
man in the Province of N. C. He was a son of the first Gov. 
Jas. Moore, of S. C, whose ancestors belonged to one of the 
oldest and most influential families of Ireland, of which the Mar- 
quis Drogheda is the present (1892) head. Moore exerted a 
commanding influence on his community." (Kemp P. Battle). 
His two sons were ardent patriots and distinguished men of the 
Province, Maurice, being, at the breaking out of the Revolution 
one of the three judges of the Province; James was a colonel 
of the First N. C. Continental Regiment and was a Brigadier 
General in March, 1776. A few months after, upon the de- 
parture of Lee for the North, Congress made him commander in 
chief of the Southern Department. He and his brother both 
died at Wilmington on the same day (Jan. 15, 1777) and in the 

( 32 ) 



same house. General James Moore (son of Maurice and Mary 
Porter Moore) married Ann Ivey and had several daughters and 
two sons, one of the latter, James Moore, a planter who died in 
1802, married Rebecca Davis. She was the daughter of Thos. 
Davis and Mary Moore who was a dau. of Geo. Moore, (b. Dec. 
24, 1815) son of "Old King Roger" Moore and husband of Mary 
Ashe, (b. March 5, 1723, m. March 19, 1729, d. Apl. 2, 1761). 

Mary Ashe's father was Lieut. John Baptista Ashe, a man of 
wealth, a lawyer and Speaker of the Assembly in 1727. "Ashe 
was a man of independent mind; of fearless temper, a devoted 
friend to liberty and an indomitable opponent of oppression and 
the exercise of illegal authority." He died prior to May, 1735, 
and is buried at GROVE LY, his plantation nine miles from 
Wilmington. Lieut. Ashe married Elizabeth Swann, (b. June 
26, 1699), dau. of Colonel Sam'l. Swann who died in 1707 and 
his wife Elizabeth Lillington whom he married May 19, 1698. 
Elizabeth Lillington was a daughter of Dep. Gov. Alexander 
Lillington. James Moore and his wife Rebecca Davis Moore had 
two children: Sophia, who married Samuel Strudwick and Junius 
Alexander, above mentioned. 

Elizabeth Yeamans, wife of James Moore, Governor of S. C. 
in 1700, was a grand-daughter of Robert Yeamans, a Cavalier 
and High Sheriff of Bristol in 1643. "So devoted to the cause 
of Charles was Robt. Yeamans, and so sturdily and bravely did 
he bear himself in defense of that city, that upon its capture 
Fairfax, in his wrath hanged him in the street opposite his 
dwelling." In 1814, in opening a vault in St. Maryport Church 
Bristol, the body of Yeamans, in a coffin of great antiquity, 
deeply concealed, was discovered and was in the "highest state of 
preservation, handsomely accoutered in the costume of that 
day, with gloves similar to those which Sheriffs wear at present." 
His son, Sir John Yeamans, wearied of the strife and persecu- 
tion of the civil war, sought rest and peace in the Barbadoes, 
and by his ability established a reputation and accumulated 
wealth and in 1661 was knighted by Charles II. on account 
of his father's services and his own merit. He was made a 
Landgrave and Governor of South Carolina, and administered the 
government faithfully and ably, though much to the dissatis- 

( 33 ) 



faction of a certain element of the colonists, and finally the 
Proprietors, from selfish motives arising out of trade competi- 
tion, sacrificed him in the hope of appeasing that element and 
saving money for themselves, whereupon he returned to Barba- 
does and soon died there. (Waddell: Early Explorers of the 
Cape Fear; Sprunt: Old Brunszvick.) His daughter as stated 
above, married James Moore. "It was a singular destiny which 
brought about this alliance and mingled in its offspring the blood 
of the Irish Rebel with that of the English Cavalier." (Junius 
Davis: Address Apl. 29, 1899). 

ISSUE: (50) Georgena Rebecca Moore; (51) Caroline 
Sophia Moore; (52) Emily Geraldine Moore, b. at Smithville, 
N. C, Nov. 29, 1830, d. Nov. 17, 1832. 

(18) Harriett Alexandrene Clitherall, dau. of No. 5 and her 
husband Dr. Geo. C. Clitherall, was born at Charleston, S. C, 
June 9, 1809. In 1829 she married Major Samuel Spotts, who 
was appointed from Delaware a 2nd Lieutenant in the First U. S. 
Artillery, Feb. 10, 1812. In 1815 he was promoted for gallant 
conduct at the seige of New Orleans when he commanded the 
American Artillery. He resigned from the Army in May, 1829. 
Mrs. Spotts died at Green River, Ky., June 10, 1834. 

ISSUE: (53) Caroline Eliza Spotts (d. y.) ; (54) Saml. 
Wm. Byron Spotts, b. Feb. 15, 1832. 

(20) Geo. Bush Burgwyn Clitherall, son of No. 5 and her 
husband Dr. Clitherall, was born at Ft. Johnston, N. C. June 
13, 1814. On Sept. 1, 1836 he married Sallie Ann Forbes, of 
New Bern and died at Mobile in October, 1889. 

ISSUE: (55) Elizabeth Forbes Burgwyn Clitherall. 

(21) Frances Elizabeth King Clitherall, dau. of No. 5 and 
her husband Dr. Clitherall, was born Oct. 11, 1817, at Ft. John- 
ston, N. C. Most of her early life was spent in New Bern, N. C. 
where she was confirmed by Bishop Ives of the Episcopal 
Church. In 1835 she married John Adam Moore Battle. Mrs. 
Frances Battle died at Mobile on the 16th of Feb., 1849. "Pos- 
sessed naturally of unusual loveliness of mind and person, she 
had added the still more beautiful ornament of a meek and quiet 
.spirit, which in the sight of God is of great price. Having very 
early in life, at the age of fifteen, renewed her baptismal vows, 

(34) 



and joined in full communion with the Church, all her faculties 
and powers were consecrated to God's service. Religion was the 
work of her life, and all who knew her can testify how diligently 
she sought to do that work, how ardent and joyful was her piety 
how benevolent her feelings and unbounded her charity. Like 
her Divine Lord, according to the meausure of her gift of grace, 
"she went about doing good." The church of her affections, and 
the Church's poor, were ever in her thoughts and her chief objects 
of interest, and they, next to her family, will be the keenest suf- 
ferers by her removal from earth. As few, probably, have ever 
approached nearer the stature of a perfect Christian wife and 
mother, so very few have ever made their influence more gener- 
ally and permanently felt in the congregations and communities 
of which they were members, than she did in Mobile. Her 
Christian character grew brighter and brighter every hour dur- 
ing her life, her joy and peace more permanent, her frame of 
mind more spiritual." (From the 'Banner of the Cross'.) 

ISSUE: (56) Annie E.; (57) Caroline Georgena m. Judge 
Egbert H. Granden; (58) Mollie, m. Robert T. Stannard, Jan. 
7, 1861. (59) Samuel G. (1842-1893, (60) James, b. 1844; 
(61) George C. b. 1846; (62) Fanny, b. 1848. 

(22) Mary Madeleine Clitherall, dau. of No. 5 and her 
husband Dr. Clitherall, was b. May 8, 1818. She first married 
in October, 1836, George Lovick Jones, of Tuscaloosa, Alabama. 

ISSUE : (63) George Clitherall Jones ; (64) Eliza Clithe- 
rall Jones, b. 1840, m. Capt. Lewis Neill Huck. She is now liv- 
ing at Mobile, Alabama. (65) Harvey Ellis Jones. 

Mrs. G. L. Jones, after the death of Mr. Jones, married on 
March 4, 1851, her brother-in-law, John Adam Moore Battle, at 
Tuscaloosa, Alabama. By her second marriage she had issue as 
follows: (66) Alexander Clitherall Battle, b. May 2, 1852 d. 
y.; (67) Netta Battle; (68) Frank Battle, b. Nov. 25, 1855. 
Married Jennie Hall and lives in California. (69) John Scott 
Battle b. June 1, 1859; (70) Walter Granden Battle. 

(23) The youngest son of Dr. George Campbell Clitherall 
and his wife (5) Caroline Burgwyn, Alexander Baron Clitherall, 
was born at Smithville, Brunswick Co., N. C, Dec. 12, 1820. 
Receiving his collegiate education in his native state he later at- 

( 35 ) 



tended college in Pennsylvania where his course was interrupted 
by the removal of his mother, in 1837, to Greene Co., Ala. For a 
while he was a clerk in his brother's (Geo. B. Clitherall) store 
at Greensboro. In 1839 he removed to Tuscaloosa to study 
law under the Hon. E. Woolsey Peck, later Chief Justice of the 
Supreme Court of Alabama. He was licensed to practice in 1841 
and the year following he removed to Pickens County, Alabama, 
where on June 30, 1844, he was united in marriage to Kate 
Hayes, (b. Mann, Miss. July 26, 1828), daughter of James and 
Martha Coles Hayes. Mr. Clitherall located at Carrollton 
where he engaged in the practice of law and for many years the 
firm of Clitherall & Willett was one of the leading law firms in 
the State. From 1842 to 1852 he was assistant or principal 
clerk of the Ala. House of Representatives and in February, 
1854 he was appointed, by Gov. John A. Winston, judge of the 
Seventh Judicial Circuit and held the Spring Term of that Court. 
Judge Clitherall served ably and won for himself an enviable re- 
putation. He presided in the case of the State vs. Eskridge, a 
white planter of Sumter County, who was indicted for mayhem 
by shooting one of his slaves in the leg with a shot-gun. The 
defendant was convicted and sentenced by Judge Clitherall to 
eleven years imprisonment in the penitentiary. It was the first 
time so severe a punishment had been visited upon a slave- 
holder and the case aroused great interest. One newspaper com- 
menting upon the case said: "We rejoice that so signal an es- 
ample has been made and that righteous retribution has visited 
one of that class of brutal slave-holders, small as that class is, 
whose bad actions have done so much to bring disrepute upon the 
South. We commend this verdict and sentence to Mrs. Stowe 
and her associates." 

In June of the same year he was appointed by Gov. Winston, 
judge of the Probate Court of Pickens County. He evinced upon 
the circuit bench and as probate judge both legal ability' and 
business habits, added to quickness of perception and sound 
judgment. In 1857 he was elected to the State Senate from Pic- 
kens and was, perhaps, the best parliamentarian in that body. 
In 1859 he became a member of the lower house of the Alabama 
General Assembly. Judge Clitherall became a citizen of Mont- 
( 3(3 ) 



gomery in 1861 and was temporary private secretary to Jefferson 
Davis, President of the Confederate States, and as such 
carried President Davis' first message, appointing his cab- 
inet, to the Confederate Congress. For a short while he 
served as Assistant Secretary of the Confederate Congress, and 
while in this capacity prepared the original Constitution of the 
Confederate States. He compiled and arranged the engrossed 
copy from the original manuscript and had a printed copy made 
with wide marginal notes and this copy as made by Judge Cli- 
therall was read to the Confederate Congress. After all amend- 
ments were in, the copy as thus arranged was read to the adopt- 
ing body and was then voted on and adopted as the permanent 
Constitution of the Confederacy. This instrument is now in the 
possesion of a daughter of Judge Clitherall, Mrs. A. C. Birch, 
of Birmingham, Ala. 

Shortly after, he was appointed Register of the Confederate 
Treasury Department, serving his country at Montgomery and 
Richmond until his failing health forced him to return to the 
former place. Judge Clitherall has the distinction of being the 
first person to call for cheers for the first Confederate flag. This 
flag was unveiled at 3.45 P. M., March 4, 1861, from the Capi- 
tol Building at Montgomery and an old newspaper states: 
"Judge Clitherall of the Treasury Department, standing on the 
roof against the flag-staff, a picture of patriotic animation called 
for 'Three cheers for the Confederate flag' — and the spirit that 
flamed behind the answering cheers, if not the cheers themselves, 
made itself heard 'round the world and down the echoing cor- 
ridors of history.' " 

Judge Clitherall was over six feet tall and spare. "His intel- 
lect was bright and quick. Almost without and effort it seemed 
to seize hold of and illume every part of a complicated question, 
enabling him at once to present to others his conclusions with 
great clearness. And he was as witty, and as happy in repartee, 
as Sydney Smith. No 'quip modest,' nor in fact any other sort 
of quip, was ever directed at him, which did not meet with an 
immediate 'retort courteous,' and the retort was generally the 
more effective of the two. His witticisms were sometimes char- 
acterized by all the keenness of the edge and deftness of manage- 

( 37 ) 



merit of the scimitar of Saladin in dividing the cushion — some- 
times all the down right force of the sword of Cour de Lion in 
cleaving the iron bar. And yet such hearty good humor accom- 
panied the strokes — emphatically strokes of pleasantry — that 
they never left a wound behind them. If one was at any time 
inflicted, like that received by Percie Shafton in the glen of Cora 
nan shian, it was instantly healed by the 'White lady of the 
heart.' Although before Clitherall's death years had silvered his 
hair, he retained in a singular degree his youthful freshness of 
feeling. 

"A mirthful man he was — the snows of age 
Fell, but they did not chill him. Gayety, 
Even in life's closing touched his teeming brain 
With such wild visions as the setting sun 
Raises in front of some hoar glacier 
Painting the bleak ice with a thousand hues." 

He was full of merriment, indeed some rather thought he had 
too much; but it should be said that beneath all the glittering 
effervescence was the purest wine of generositiy, courage and 
integrity, joined with a love for his friends as strong and as 
lasting as life. Many were benefitted by his virtues — none save 
himself were injured by his faults." (S. S. Scott: Reminiscen- 
ces Ala. Legislatures.) During a 'mock session' Judge Clith- 
erall introduced the following resolution aimed at a one-eyed 
member who was constantly, in season and out of season, harp- 
ing on the 'interests of the poor of Alabama': Resolved, That 
the gentleman from C. has an eye single to the 'interests of the 
poor of Alabama.' 

Judge Clitherall died at Montgomery, Alabama, Feb. 17, 
1869, in the prime of life. He was not only a brilliant lawyer, 
but a poet of no mean ability, a writer, public speaker and ora- 
tor. He was a man of jovial and congenial nature and was al- 
ways, on account of his wit and humor, in demand as a speaket 
on all public occasions. He was a frequent contributor to the 
press and at one time edited the West Alabamian, a Democratic 
newspaper of Carrollton, Alabama. Some of his humorous 
sketches rivalled those of Jonse Hopper. Mrs. Clitherall sur^ 

(38 ) 



vived her husband many years and died at Montgomery only a 
few years ago. 

ISSUE: (71) Ida; (72) Fannie Battle; (73) Madeline; (74) 
Mary; (75) Geo. Burgwyn, all of whom died in infancy; (76) 
Minnie; (77) Mattie; (78) Allie Burgwyn. 

(24) Frances Eliza Bush Burgwin, eldest daughter of No. 
6, was b. Jan. 26, 1808 and died Oct. 31, 1839. On Jan. 10, 
1828 she married William Edward Anderson who died at Wil- 
mington, Dec. 5, 1852. 

ISSUE: (79) Mary Bird Anderson, b. Jan. 18, 1829, sing.; 
(80) George Burgwin; (81) Elizabeth Ogden, b. Apl. 29, 1833; 

(82) William E., b. Nov. 29, 1835, m. Molly Syme; no issue; 

(83) Robert Walker, b. Jan. 23, 1838; m. Rebecca Cameron; 
no issue. He was a soldier in the Confederate Army; was 
wounded at Sharpsburg and was killed in the Wilderness on 
May 5, 1864. 

(26) John Henry King Burgwin, eldest son of No. 6, was 
a cadet at the United States Military Academy from July 1, 
1826 to July 1, 1830, when he was graduated and appointed 
2nd Lieutenant of the First United States Dragoons; he was 
promoted to 1st Lieutenant, June 1, 1838, and to Captain, July 
31, 1837. During the Mexican War he was ordered to Mexico 
and he and his command, after their arrival, were sent by Col. 
Price to fight Mexicans posted on a gorge leading to Emdubo. 
"Capt. Burgwin found them 600 strong, posted on the pre- 
cipitous sides of the mountains, where the gorge would only ad- 
mit the passage of three men abreast. There could scarcely be 
a better position for defence, yet Captain Burgwin drove them 
from it, with the loss, on their part, of twenty killed and sixty 
wounded. He had only one man killed and wounded. He 
marched through the pass and entered Emdubo. From thence 
he marched to Trampas, where he met Col. Price, and the 
whole army marched over the Taos mountain, breaking a road 
through the snow which covered it for their artillery. The 
enemy were found to have fortified Pueblo de Taos, a place 
of great strength, surrounded by adobe walls and strong pickets, 
every part of which was flanked by some projecting building. 
He opened his batteries on the town on the 3rd of Febraury, 

( 39 ) 



(1847) but in a little while retired to wait the concentration of 
forces. On the 4th at nine o'clock in the morning, the fire was 
again opened, and at eleven, finding it was impossible to make a 
breach in the walls with the howitzers, the colonel determined 
to storm the church, which was in the northwestern angle of the 
town. Capt. Burgwin lead the attack. His party established 
themselves under the western walls of the church, and attempted 
to breach it with axes, while the roof was fired by the help of a 
temporary ladder. In this emergency the gallant commander 
exposed himself fatally to the enemy. Capt. Burgwin left the 
shelter afforded by the flank of the church, and penetrated into 
the corral in front of the building and endeavored to force the 
door. Burgwin, in his daring effort, received a wound which 
caused his death on the 7th of February." (Frost's Pictorial 
History of Mexico and the Mexican War, p. 461). 

His body was first interred at Ft. Leavenworth but in the fol- 
lowing December Capt. Burgwin's remains were brought back 
to the State he loved so well and was received at Wilmington 
with honors benefitting the noble dead. Thousands stood with 
bared heads and tear stained faces as the funeral procession 
approached Front St. The mournful calvacade halted in front 
of the Cape Fear Bank building, from the portico of which 
Joshua G. Wright, a brilliant lawyer and a gentleman of su- 
perb oratorical powers, delivered an eloquent eulogium, whose 
touching and beautiful sentences brought tears to every eye. 
The body was then borne to the HERMITAGE, accompanied 
by a large escort of the first citizens of Wilmington, and laid to 
rest in the family burying ground. Later it was removed t<? 
Oakdale Cemetery where a handsome monument now marks the 
final resting place of this brave and noble American soldier. 

"On Fame's eternal camping-ground 
Their silent tents are spread, 
And Glory guards with solemn round 
The bivouac of the dead." 

Captain Burgwin was as "brave as a lion, yet refined and 
gentle as a woman. His death was mourned as a loss, not alone 

( 40 ) 



to his friends and family, but to his country. He was un- 
married, but at the time of his death was engaged to a young 
lady of great accomplishments, and his last act, ere his life ter- 
minated, was to take from his finger a ring and give it to a 
friend who bent over him to deliver to her with farewell mes- 
sages of tenderness and love." (Am. Mag. of Hist. Vol. 16, 
p. 441.) 

It is related that after the church at Pueblo de Taos was taken 
and as Capt. Burgwin's wounded body lay on the ground, one 
of the surrendered Mexicans passing by, exultingly remarked: 
"I shot that dam Captain !" — the attacking party were picked 
off thru barricaded windows. One of Capt. Burgwin's men, 
hearing the remark, in his frenzy of grief, forgot all prudence 
and rushed upon the Mexican, attacking him fiercely. The 
soldier was of course arrested and taken prisoner to Ft. Leaven- 
worth and sentenced to imprisonment with ball and chain for 
several months.. The lady to whom Capt. Burgwin was engaged ' 
was at this garrison and often at night heard the soldier's ner- 
vous tramp and the clanking of the ball and chain and so tor- \ 
tured was she, knowing the cause of it, that she secretly bribed J 
the guard to let the soldier escape. 

(27) Margaret Anne Burgwyn, dau. of No. 6, was b. Nov. 1, 
1811. On Sept. 21, 1829 she married Samuel Iredell Johnston, 
D. D., a grandson of Gov. Gabriel Johnston, of N. C. Mrs. 
Johnston died November 16, 1886. 

ISSUE: (84) Samuel, d. y.; (85) James Catheart, b. 1834; 
d. Dec. 1888. Married Catherine, dau. of Dr. Wm. Warren, 
who died Feb. 22, 1889. They had six children, among them: 
Katherine, Frances, Samuel I, William, and Margaret, all of 
whom live in Texas. (86) Maria Nash, b. 1836, d. 1907, mar- 
ried Rev. Francis W. Hilliard and had issue: i. Margaret; ii. 
Katherine; iii. Elizabeth; iv. Iredell; v. Foster who married 
Miss Sewell and lives in Memphis, Tenn. ; (87) Elizabeth Cot- 
ton, b. Feb. 22, 1838. She married Dr. Edward Warren-Bey, 
an eminent physician and author of "A Doctor's Experiences in 
Three Continents," and had issue: i. Elizabeth Cotton; ii. Innis 
who married Frank Bizzell and had issue: a. Frank and b. Mary 
Prince; (88) Gabriel, D. D. who was born in 1842 and died 
Jan. 5, 1913. He was a clergyman of the Episcopal Church and 

( 41 ) 



had issue: i. Mary, ii. Margaret m, Henry Macomb who is a 
lawyer of Welland, Ont. iii. Margaret who m. and had issue: a. 
Hudson and b. Gabriel, iv. Emma Killarly; v. Katherine m. 
Herbert Sidey, a newspaper owner of Welland, Ont. (89) Capt. 
Geo. B. Johnson, C. S. A. b. 1840, killed in 1864. He married 
Name, dau. of Dr. Chas. E. Johnson. (90) Twins who d. y. 
(91) Iredell, died single. (92) Helen S. b. 1844, married in 
1869 Dr. Jno. D. Perry and had issue: i. Abner, d. y. ii. Mar- 
garet, m. James M. Norman and had issue Jas. Marshall Nor- 
man. (93) John Johnston, b. 1846, m. Ida Lytle and d. 1877. 
(93a) Frances Ann, b. March 31, 1858, d. 1907. She married 
John D. Parker and had issue: i. John, m. Maria Maffitt, ii. 
Sara. iii. Margaret, m. Frank Deas and has issue Johnston Deas ; 
iv. S. I. J. Parker; v. Caroline Ashe, m. Chas. Dexter. 

(28) Caroline Athelia Burgwyn, dau. of No. 6, was born 
June 5, 1814, and on June 13, 1837 she married Thomas Sam- 
uel Ashe, later an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of 
North Carolina. 

Judge Ashe was born in Orange Co., N. C, July 21, 1812, 
and was the son of Paschal P. and Eliza Strudwick Ashe. He 
graduated from Chapel Hill in 1832 and read law under Chief 
Justice Ruffin, receiving his license to practise in 1836. He 
represented Anson County in the House of Commons in 1842, 
and in the Senate in 1854 and was Solicitor of the Judicial Dis- 
trict in which he resided from 1848 to 1852. Judge Ashe became 
a member of the Confederate House of Representatives and was 
later elected a Senator of the Confederate States. In 1868 he 
was the democratic candidate for Governor of N. C. and in 1872 
was elected a Representative to the U. S. Congress and re- 
elected in 1874. In 1878 he was elected Associate Justice of 
the N. C. Sup. Ct., and was re-elected in 1886. He was a 
vestry-man of Calvary Church, Wadesboro, N. C. for thirty- 
two years, and died at his home in that town at 11:45 A. M., 
Friday, Feb. 4th, 1887, in his seventy-fifth year. 

"In the various relations of life, Judge Ashe, was excellent. 
Within the bosom of his family he was gentle and tender ; among 
his friends he was courteous, generous and thoughtful of others 

( 42 ) 



more than of himself; at the bar, he was able, conscientious and 
candid; on the bench, he was learned, patient and faithful. 
Seldom had such fine physical manhood been united with such 
sterling worth, superior ability and splendid character. He filled 
many places of public trust, and all with credit to himself and 
honor to the State. Called eight years ago to the highest judi- 
cial station, he wore the ermine with great dignity and accept- 
ability and left in his opinions an enduring monument to his 
fame. Among his chief characteristics were a rare modesty, a 
high spirit of personal independence, a manly courage and in- 
flexible virtue. His disposition was kindly; his impulses were 
chivalrous and noble, and his sentiments exalted; — candor and 
truth were the groundwork of his nature." (From Memorial in 
96 N. C. Reports, p. 536). 

ISSUE: (94) John Henry King, d. y. (95) Sam, m. Mar- 
garet Devereux; (96) Eliza Strudwick, b. 1838, m. Mr. Hines 
and has one son. (97) Caroline; (98) Annie Ruffin; (99) 
Maria Nash; (100) Josephine Ashe (sing). 

(31) Witherspoon Hasell Burgwin, son of No. 6, was born 
Sept. 20, 1818 at Hillsboro. In 1859 he married Nannie Rob- 
inson, of Charlotte Co., Va. Mr. Burgwin died Oct. 8, 1894. 

ISSUE: (101) Mary, m. Mr. Joscelyn; (102) Hill, d. at 16 
years of age; (103) J. H. K. Burgwin, now living at Wades- 
boro, N. C. 

(32) Ann Maria Burgwin, dau. of No. 6, was b. June 21, 
1821. She married Parker Quince, son of Richard Quince, and 
a grandson of Parker Quince, a worthy merchant of Wilmington, 
who became famous for his patriotic and humane efforts for the 
relief of the suffering people of Boston, whose port had been 
closed by British authority. In 1774 he furnished his ship to 
carry provisions to Boston, free of freight. 

ISSUE: (104) Sara Priscilla Quince; (105) Geo. B. Quince 
d. y. ; (106) Lizzie Quince, d. y. 

(34) NATHANIEL HILL BURGWIN, son of No. 6, was 
born at the HERMITAGE, Feb. 21, 1825, and died Aug. 13, 
1898 at HASEL HILL. From his earliest years he was gifted 
with an aptitude for acquiring and assimilating knowledge 
which was nothing short of marvellous. He commenced his 

( 43 ) 



preparation for college at the age of eight years in the famous 
school of Wm. J. Bingham, Hillsboro, N. C, and at an early age 
took up the study of Latin. Five years later he was ready to 
enter the Universitj^ of North Carolina, but this event was post- 
poned because of his extreme youth, until 1840, when he entered 
and was admitted to the sophomore class. The highest honors of 
his class were awarded him, but he was unable to complete the 
course by reason of his ill health. When he attained the age of 
seventeen years he commenced the reading of law in the office of 
his brother-in-law, Judge Thos. S. Ashe, and subsequently with 
his uncle, Hon. Frederick Nash, later Chief Justice of the State. 
A considerable time before he attained his majority, Mr. Burg- 
win passed the examination for admission to the bar, but was 
not permitted to practise until he was 21 years of age. In 
1847 he was admitted to full practice in the superior and su- 
preme courts. In January of that year, he opened an office in 
Elizabeth City, where he was actively engaged in legal practice 
until 1851, when he removed to Pittsburgh, Pa., and practised 
until his retirement in 1890, at which time he was capably suc- 
ceeded by his two sons, George and Augustus. Some of the 
most important cases which have ever been tried in the courts 
of Allegheny county have been won by Mr. Burgwin, and have 
formed precedents for other cases of a similar nature. As an 
instance may be mentioned the case of the County of Allegheny 
vs. Pittsburgh & Connelsville Railroad Co., which was a test 
suit involving $100,000, and determined liabilities of more than 
$1,000,000 for the defendant company. Mr. Burgwin repre- 
sented the defendant and his defense was sustained by the 
court. Another notable case was that of Linton and wife vs. 
J. B. Neal, et al. This was a suit in equity brought by Mr. 
Burgwin, in the U. S. Circuit Court, the jurisdiction of that 
court being sustained as against the Orphan's Court of the State 
in settling all the accounts of the executors, guardians and 
trustees under the will of James Brown, of Kittaning, and finally 
distributed his large estate, both personal and real, the latter ly- 
ing in many different States of the Union. For many years 
Mr. Burgwin was attorney for the Mechanics National Bank of 
Pittsburg and for the Pittsburg Marine National Bank. He 
was solicitor for the Dollar Savings Bank, was its oldest vice- 

( 44 ) 



president, and the oldest member of its board of thirty-nine 
trustees. For many years he served as director of the Pitts- 
burgh and Connelsville R. R. Co. 

In political affairs, Mr. Burgwin had affiliated with the 
Whig Party in his younger years, but from Henry Clay's time, 
he had been independent in his political views. He represented 
Ward 23 in the Select Council of Pittsburgh from 1869 to 
1875, having been elected on the Citizen's Ticket. While holding 
this office he was appointed chairman of a committee to select 
the site for a city park and the present site of Schenley Park 
was decided upon. For a time this project had to be set aside 
as the terms could not be agreed upon. Mr. Burgwin was an 
earnest worker in the interests of the church from his early 
years, and his activity continued throughout his life. He affi- 
liated as a communicant with the Episcopal Church and in 1865 
it was owing to his efforts that the Pittsburgh Diocese was 
created. The division of the Diocese of Pennsylvania formed a 
precedent which was immediately followed elsewhere. Mr. 
Burgwin was elected to represent his diocese at the General Con- 
vention in Baltimore in 1871, and from that time until his death 
was thus honored. He never abated in his efforts to further 
this good cause, was an active debater at the meetings, and 
served on the committee on canons continuously from 1871. He 
was a member, in 1880, of the joint committee of twenty-one 
bishops, priests and laymen, which was convened for the pur- 
pose of revising the book of common prayer, and later was one 
of the twelve appointed to form a committee to revise the Con- 
stitution of the General Convention. For many years he was 
consulted on questions relating to Canon Law, by clergymen and 
laymen alike, and he was influential in establishing the present 
church legislation. As chancellor of the Diocese of Pittsburgh, 
he rendered good service for many years, and was a fore- 
most figure at its conventions. 

Of Mr. Burgwin it may be truly said that he was as devoted 
in his family relations as he was sincere in his friendships. In 
professional life he was honest and generous, in private life he 
was sympathetic and helpful. In both phases of life he was 
actuated by the highest motives, and was incajDable of any false 

( 45 ) 



or unjust thought. Vigilant and attentive as an observer of 
men and events, his opinions carried weight and were of wide- 
spread influence. As an orator he had few equals. His lan- 
guage was eloquent and glowing, his vocabulary peculiarly rich 
and choice, and his manner of delivery never failed to bring the 
desired result. He was of distinguished appearance, his snowy 
hair, moustache and whiskers giving him a patrician and some- 
what haughty look, which was tempered by the kindly expres- 
sion of his eyes. The glasses which covered his eyes were never 
able to conceal the genial and cordial expression which they 
held beneath the high, intellectual forehead. 

Mr. Burgwin married (first) Nov. 2^" 1849, Mary, a daughter 
of Major Asher Phillips, U. S. A. She was a lineal descendant 
of Sir Nicholas Malby, the chief commander of the English 
forces in Connaught, Ireland, during the reign of Eliza- 
beth, and also a descendant of Sir Richard Ormsby, Knight, 
who was the owner of estates in Lincolnshire, England. One of 
the descendants of John Ormsby, great-grandfather of Mrs. 
Burgwin, was born in Ireland in 1720, educated at Trinity Col- 
lege, Dublin, became paymaster in the Provincial and Colonial 
Armies and was holding that position at the time of the capture 
of Ft. Duquesne. His son, Oliver Ormsby, grandfather of Mrs. 
Burgwin, was a large land owner and furnished supplies from his 
furnace and forge for fitting out the Perry squadron for the 
Lake Erie expedition. Mrs. Burgwin died January 1, 1882. 
She was a member of the board of trustees of the Episcopal 
Church Home in Pittsburgh and a highly valued worker in the 
parish. Mr. Burgwin married (second) October 1, 1888, Susan 
Read, daughter of the Hon. Henry K. Nash, of Hillsboro, N. C. ; 
grand-daughter of Chief-Justice Frederick Nash and a great 
grand daughter of Gov. Abner Nash. 

ISSUE: (1st marriage) (107) George Collinson, b. Aug. 
17, 1851, now a lawyer of 434 Diamond Street, Pittsburgh, Pa. 
(108) Henry Phillips, b. Apl. 23, 1854; (109) John Henry 
King, b. June 19, 1856; (110) Sarah Ormsby, b. Sept. 3, 1859; 
(111) Augustus Phillips, b. Dec. 1, 1860; (112) Mary, b. Oct. 
21, 1862. Issue of 2nd. marriage: (113) Kenneth Ogden, b. 
March 23, 1890. 

( 46 ) 



FIFTH GENERATION. 

(42) Maria Greenough Burgwyn, dau. of No. 9 and grand- 
daughter of No. 4, was born Sept. 21, 1839 and on Oct. 28, 
1868 was married to T. Roberts Baker. 

ISSUE: (41) Harry Burgwin Baker. 

(43) Harry (Henry) King Burgwyn, son of No. 9, was b. 
Oct. S, 1841. In 1851 he became a partial course student at 
the University of N. C. ; graduating two years later in the studies 
he had selected, sharing with the best scholars the highest honors 
of his classes. His preparatory training was received at an 
academy or college at Bordenton, N. J., and partly at West 
Point where he was a student of Foster, later a general in the 
United States Army. His father, Henry King Burgwyn, in 
1859, fearing the difficulties which later culminated in the 
War between the States and desiring his son be prepared for 
usefulness in every emergency placed him at Virginia Military 
Institute, where he remained until the breaking out of the war. 
"Early in the Spring of 1861 the cadet corps having been order- 
ed to Richmond, Cadet Burgwyn, then in the graduating class, 
and sharing its highest honors and distinctions, fulfilled the 
duties of an important position under Gen. Smith, commandant 
of cadets, until he deemed it his duty to offer his services to the 
Governor of his own state. The following letter from the im- 
mortal "Stonewall" Jackson to the Confederate Secretary of 
War, gives that great general's estimate of Cadet Burgwyn: 

Lexington, Va., April 16, 1861. 
Sir: The object of this letter is to recommend Cadet H. K. 
Burgwyn, of N. C, for a commission in the artillery of the 
Southern Confederacy. Mr. B. is not only a high-toned South- 
ern gentleman, but in consequence of the highly practical, as 
well as scientific character of his mind, he possesses qualities well 
calculated to make him an ornament not only to the artillery, 
but to any branch of the military service. 

T. J. Jackson. 
Prof. Nat. Phil, and Instr. V.M.I. 
To L. P. Walker, Secretary of War." 

( 47 ) 



In July, 1861, Gov. Ellis, of N. C, made Burgwyn, not yet 
21 years of age, commandant of the Camp of Instruction at 
Crab Tree, three miles from Raleigh, where the 26 Regt. N. C. 
S. T. was moblized. On Aug. 27, '61, Major Burgwyn was 
elected Lieut-Col. of the regiment. Lt.-Col. Burgwyn was es- 
sentially a worker in camp. He was every inch a solider and the 
martial spirit which so deeply imbued him enthused every one 
around him. He never tired and was unremitting in his arduous 
labors. Eight hours a day he drilled his men in the various 
schools of the soldier and his constant endeavor was to keep his 
regiment in the highest state of efficiency and discipline. No 
colonel was ever more careful of the comfort and convenience 
of his men and though unpopular for awhile (before he had been 
in battle) on account of his strict discipline, after the Battle of 
Newbern he had the entire confidence of his men and was their 
pride and love. During the retreat across Bryce's Creek and 
while the Federals were closely pursuing, an officer fearing Col. 
Burgwyn's capture, urged him to get into the boat first. He was 
answered: "I will never cross until the last man of my regiment 
is over!" Nor did he 'till the last man was over. At the reor- 
ganization of the regiment for the war he received practically a 
unanimous vote for Lt.-Col. 

Vance was elected Governor of N. C. in August, 1862, thus 
leaving a vacancy in the colonelcy of the 26th Regiment. Gen. 
Ransom to whose brigade the regiment was attached, opposed 
the promotion of Lt.-Col. Burgwyn saying: "I want no boy col- 
onel in my brigade/' His opposition was indignantly resented 
by the regiment and application was made and granted for its 
transfer to some other brigade. One of the regiment referring 
to the election of Vance as governor and mourning his consequent 
separation from them says: "But in the promotion of Lt.-Col. 
Burgwyn to the colonelcy of the regiment, we have gained an 
officer, young, gallant and brave and eminently fitted to fill the 
vacancy." This same writer, speaking of the transfer of the 
regiment to Pettigrew's Brigade writes: "Never was there a 
more fortunate change. It seemed as if Pettigrew and Burgwyn 
were made for each other. Alike in bravery, alike in action, 
alike in their military bearing, alike in readiness for battle and 

(48) 



in skillful horsemanship, they were beloved alike by the soldiers 
of the 26th. Each served as a pattern for the other, and in 
imitating each other they reached the highest excellence possible 
of attainment in every trait which distinguishes the ideal soldier." 

During the march to Gettysburg some of the men of his regi- 
ment robbed a few bee hives in disobedience of orders and this 
being made known to Col. Burgwyn he sought the farmer and 
paid them for it. 

In describing the battle of Gettysburg, a writer states: "As 
the head of the 26th Regiment reaches the summit of the hill 
beyond the bridge crossing Marsh Creek, the enemy opens fire, 
sweeping the road with their artillery. There is some little 
excitement, but it soon disappears as Col. Burgwyn, riding along 
the line in his grandest style, commands in his clear, firm voice, 
'Steady, boys, steady !' " 

Surgeon Geo. C. Underwood, describing the heroic charge of 
the 26th regiment at Gettysburg, says: "The 26th was the ex- 
treme left regiment of Pettigrew's brigade. It directly faced 
McPherson's Woods and in front about covered the width of the 
woods. The Iron Brigade occupied these woods * * * Directly 
in our front, across the wheat field was a wooded hill (McPher- 
son's Woods). On this hill the enemy placed what we were 
afterwards informed was their famous 'Iron Brigade.' They 
wore tall, bell crowned hats, which made them conspicuous in the 
line. The sun was now high in the heavens. Gen. Ewell's corps 
had come up on our left and had engaged the enemy. Never was 
a grander sight beheld. The line extended more than a mile, 
all distinctly visible to us. When the battle waxed hot, now one 
of the armies would be driven, now the other, while neither 
seemed to gain any advantage. The roar of artillery, the crack 
of musketry, and the shouts of the combatants, added grandeur 
and solemnity to the scene. Suddenly there came down the line 
the long waited command, 'Attention.' The time of this com- 
mand could not have been more inopportune, for our line had 
inspected the enemy and we well knew the desperateness of the 
charge we were to make, but with the greatest quickness the 
regiment obeyed. All to a man were at once up and ready, every 
officer at his post, Col. Burgwyn in the center. 

(49 ) 



"Col. Burgwyn fell on July 1, 1863 while leading this 
charge of his regiment. The colors of the regiment had heen 
shot down ten times and the color guard all killed or wounded, 
when Capt. McCreery, seizing the flag, waves it aloft and ad- 
vancing to the front is shot through the heart and falls, bathing 
the flag in his life's blood. Lt. Geo. Wilcox now rushes forward,, 
and pulling the flag from under the dead hero, advances with it. 
A moment later he falls with two wounds. The line hesitates; 
the crisis is reached — the colors must advance. Telling Col. Lane 
of the words of praise ("Your regiment has covered itself with 
glory today") just heard from their brigade commander, with 
orders to impart it to the men for their encouragement, Col. 
Burgwyn seizes the flag from the nerveless grasp of the gallant 
Wilcox, and advances, giving the order: "Dress on the colors." 
Private Hunnicutt, Co. 'B', rushes from the ranks and asks the 
honor to advance the flag. Turning to hand the colors to this 
brave young soldier, Col. Burgwyn is hit by a ball on the left 
side, which, passing through both lungs, the force of it turns 
him around and falling, he is caught in the folds of the flag and 
carries it with him to the ground. The daring Hunnicutt sur- 
vives his Colonel but a moment and shot through the head, now 
for the 13th time the regimental colors are in the dust. Kneel- 
ing by his side Lt. Col. Lane stops to ask: 'My dear Colonel, 
are you severely hurt?' A bowed head and motion to the left 
side and a pressure of the hand is the only response; but he 
looked as 'pleasantly as if victory was on his brow.' As the 
enemy were giving away and retiring Col. Lane at the head of 
the regiment cheering his men onward and waving the colors 
aloft was wounded — for the fourteenth and last time the colors 
are down." Col. Burgwyn was shot bearing the colors of his 
regiment and fell with his sword in his hand, cheering his men 
on to victory. The ball passed through the lower part of both 
lungs and he lived about two hours. Among his last words he 
asked how his men fought and said they would never disgrace 
him. He died in the arms of Lt. Young after bidding all fare- 
well and sending love to his mother, father and sisters and 
brother. His last words were "Tell the General my men never 
failed me at a single point." The body of Col. Burgwyn was 

( -50 ) 



buried on the field under a walnut tree, a gun case answering 
for a coffin. In the spring of 1867 his remains were brought 
from Gettysburg and re-interred at the Soldiers' Cemetery in 
Raleigh where a handsome monument erected by his parents 
marks the grave. 

"Born in affluence, nor obliged to toil, early in life he realized 
that without labor nothing was worth having. And what he did 
he did thoroughly. He loved to work and believed by so doing 
he was best serving his Maker. Truthful and courageous, high- 
toned and honorable, honest in all his dealings, courteous and 
gentle, he was universally beloved by his associates at school 
and at college. In appearance he was the very embodiment of 
manly beauty. Well made, symmetrical in figure, without super- 
fluous flesh, tall, erect, with his fine head well poised on his 
shoulders, he was in every respect the ideal soldier. 

"In his daily life he was gentle yet sprightly, fond of social 
amenities, kind-hearted and ever courteous in manner and bear- 
ing, he was inflexibly stern and impartial in the discharge of 
duty. In his intercourse with women he was eminently chival- 
ric in an age of chivalric men.. None could be gentler, more 
attentive, more courteous than he. No paladin in mediaeval days 
bore himself with more knightly grace. He constantly sought 
the company of the gentler sex, believing that the atmosphere of 
a refined society was a strong safeguard against those evils which 
young men are so strongly tempted to embrace. He had none 
of those vices so common to young men of that or this day. 

"He was as pure in mind as a young virgin. His filial affec- 
tions were beautiful to contemplate. His high respect and 
reverence for his father, and deep love and veneration for his 
mother were conspicuous traits in his character. Their slightest 
wish was a law unto himself which he obeyed with alacrity and 
pleasure. In religious matters he was a member of the Protes- 
tant Episcopal Church and showed forth his religion in his 
daily life. His was in all respects a beautifully rounded char- 
acter." (From Address of John B. McRae.) 

(44) William Hyslop Sumner Burgwyn, son of No. 9, and 
his wife Ann Greenough, was born July 23, 1845, at the home of 
Gen. W. H. Sumner, near Boston. His maternal grand-mother 

( 51 ) 



was the eldest daughter of David Stoddard Greenough (b. March 
27, 1787, d. Aug. 6, 1830) and his wife Maria Foster Doane 
(b. Jan. 2, 1793) whom Mr. Greenough married June 14, 1813. 
Mr. Burgwyn's father was of an old English family which had 
lived in the Cape Fear since 1730 and on both sides he was a 
lineal descendant of Jonathan Edwards. 

Mr. Burgwyn passed his early youth at THORNBURY, a 
plantation owned by his fother, on the lower Roanoke in North- 
ampton, Co., N. C. There he was instructed by private tutors 
and later attended school at Chestnut Hill, Baltimore, Md. 
From there he went to Georgetown College, D. C. and in 1860 
entered the University of North Carolina but was forced to 
leave this latter institution in 1861 owing to illness. That same 
year he entered as a cadet at the Hillsboro Military Academy 
and at its close was appointed drill master at the Camp of In- 
struction near Raleigh. His strict attention to every phase of 
military duty and his fine deportment so commended him to his 
superior officers that he was elected a lieutenant in "Co. H." 
35th N. C. At the battle of Sharpsburg his conduct was meri- 
torious and he received the especial notice and commendation of 
his superiors for seizing the flag and rallying the regiment at 
a critical period of the battle. He participated in all the battles 
in which the 35th N. C. engaged and was later promoted to the 
captaincy of his company. In January, 1864, he was assigned 
to duty as Asst. Adjt. Gen. on the staff of Brig.-Gen. Clingman. 
Capt. Burgwyn was badly wounded in the charge at Cold Har- 
bor, May 31, 1864 and at the battle of Fort Harrison, Sept. 29, 
1864, was captured and taken to Ft. Delaware, being released 
in the Spring of 1865. After the close of the War he again en- 
tered the University of N. C. and three years later graduated 
at the head of his class. In 1869 he entered the Law School of 
Harvard University and graduating in 1870 began the practise 
of law in Baltimore. While practising law here he compiled a 
Digest of the Opinions of the Supreme Court of Appeals of 
Maryland a work which elicited the hearty commendation of his 
brethren of the bar as well as the judges on the bench. In 1880 
he was elected colonel of the 5th Maryland Regiment. 



( 52 ) 




WILLIAM HYSLOP SUMNER BURGWYN 
(From a Photograph in 1896) 



Always attached to North Carolina, in 1882 he moved to 
Henderson and established the Bank of Henderson, becoming 
its first president. For eleven years he did all in his power to 
promote the interests of his adopted home. In the year 1893 
he was offered and accepted the position of National Bank Ex- 
aminer, having as his territory most of the Southern States. At 
the breaking out of the Spanish-American War he was appointed 
to the colonelcy of the 2nd Regiment North Carolina Volunteers 
by Gov. Russell and although this regiment never left America it 
was admirably prepared for active service and it has been stated 
that no finer body of troops was ever enlisted in North Carolina. 

Col. Burgwyn moved to Weldon, N. C. in 1901 and established 
the First National Bank of Weldon and became its president. 
He also established the First National Bank at Rocky Mount, 
the First National Bank of Roanoke Rapids, the Bank of North- 
ampton at Jackson, the Bank of Rich Square, the Bank of Hali- 
fax and the Bank of Ayden. 

From his early youth Col. Burgwyn was a communicant of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church and for many years taught in the 
Sunday Schools of the various parishes with which he was con- 
nected. He was frequently a delegate to the Diocesan Conven- 
tion and in 1886 and 1889 was elected one of the lay delegates 
to represent his diocese in the general convention of the 
church. 

Col. Burgwyn was selected by Chief Justice Walter Clark to 
prepare sketches in the Regimental Histories of the 35th N. C. 
and Clingman's Brigade. He was greatly interested in the wel- 
fare of his former comrades in arms and was a prominent figure 
at all their reunions and all of his Confederate Addresses prove 
an intense desire on his part to establish once and for all time 
the heroic part taken by the State Troops of North Carolina 
in the War between the States. 

On Nov. 21, 1876, Col. Burgwyn married Margaret Carlisle, 
the lovely and accomplished daughter of the late James and Ann 
(Dent) Dunlop, of Richmond, Va. For more than thirty-five 
years this noble woman was his constant companion and help- 
meet, sharing in his joys and triumphs and sustaining him by 
her sweet Christian fortitude in all his adversities and misfor- 

( 53 ) 



tunes, and serving at all times to make his home bright, cheerful 
and hospitable. 

In social life Col. Burgwyn was the soul of exquisite courtesy, 
urbanity and gentleness of manner. These, and his never fail- 
ing hospitality and his magnificent career as a soldier will long 
be remembered by those whom he esteemed and loved. As was 
said by the Raleigh News & Observer, Jan. 4, 1913: "Through- 
out the State there will be sincere regret at the news of the 
death of Col. W. H. S. Burgwyn, of Weldon, one of a family 
whose record has added lustre to the name and fame of North 
Carolina. 

"Col. Burgwyn was a man noted for his courtliness of manner, 
and for the warm friendships which were a part of his nature. 
His record is that of one of the State's truest and best sons, 
and in each tribute that is paid him it will be said that he was 
a devoted son of North Carolina, striving for the best for its in- 
terests. He was, in very truth, a gallant gentleman and true. 
North Carolina is the better for his living — the loser because he 
has been called away." 

In the early morning of Jan. 3, 1913, Col. Burgwyn, died at 
the home of his nephew in Richmond, Va. The body was taken 
to Raleigh, N. C. and on Sunday evening, January fifth, the 
funeral was held from Christ Episcopal Church and was attend- 
ed by a large concourse of sorrowing friends from all parts of 
North Carolina. After the services at the church the long and 
sorrowing procession marched to the Confederate section of the 
Raleigh Cemetery and there, beside the remains of his gallant 
brother Col. Harry Burgwyn who was killed at the head of 
his regiment at Gettysburg, all that was mortal of North Caro- 
lina's loved son was laid to rest. (Abridged from Sketch by 
John B. McRae in Roanoke-Chowan Times, Feb. 13, 1913). 

(47) George Pollok Burgwyn, son of No. 9 and the grand- 
son of No. 4, was born May 19, 1847, at "Hillside Plantation" 
on the Roanoke River. He was educated at the school of Jas. 
Horner at Oxford, N. C. and afterwards attended George- 
town (D. C.) College. In 1863 he matriculated at the Univer- 
sity of his native state. Remaining there but a short time he 
served on the personal staff of Gen. Ransom. On account of 

( 54 ) 



his extreme youth his father withdrew him from the army and 
placed him at the Virginia Military Institute at Lexington and 
in the Spring of 1865 he accompanied the corps of cadets to 
Richmond where they occupied the advance lines of that city 
until its evacuation. In 1876 Mr. Burgwyn took charge of his 
father's large planting interests on Roanoke River and he soon 
became one of the largest and most prosperous planters in that 
section of the State. 

On May 27, 1869 Mr. Burgwyn married Emma Wright, dau. 
of the late Col. Thos. Ridley of Southampton Co., Va. Their 
home at the "Hillside" and later on in Jackson was the seat of 
that generous open-hearted hospitality that always characterized 
the old families of the South. Their friends were met at the 
threshold with a warm welcome, and made to feel thoroughly at 
home. Mrs. Burgwyn died in January, 1893 and since that 
time Mr. Burgwyn had resided in Jackson. He held to the 
principle of ethics that it is the duty of every good citizen to take 
an active part in public affairs, and throughout his life he 
lived up to this principle. In his private life, Mr. Burgwyn 
was a dutiful son, a loving husband, an affectionate father, a 
good neighbor, and a warm friend. He was indeed a kind- 
hearted, sympathetic man, and ever ready to respond to calls 
for the cause of charity. He was a true and kind friend to the 
colored people, and by his death they have lost one of their 
best friends. (From Roanoke-Chowan Times, Feb. 14, 1907). 

ISSUE: (115) Ann Greenough, d. y. ; (116) Thomas R.; 
(117) Henry King Burgwyn married Page Cawthorne; issue, 
Frances Page Burgwyn b. 1909. (118) George Pollok; (119) 
Maria Greenough and (120) W. H. S. Burgwyn, twins. 

(48) John Alveston Burgwyn, son of No. 9, was born July 
5, 1850, died March 6, 1898, at the age of forty-eight years. 
"He was a man of most excellent traits of character and was 
held in high esteem by all who knew him. Mr. Burgwyn had for 
more than seven years been Treasurer of his county and the 
faithfulness, fidelity, satisfaction and uniform courtesy with 
which he discharged his duties is attested by the resolutions 
adopted by the Board of Commissioners of Northampton: 'That 
the discharge of his duties has been characterized with such 

( 55 ) 



faithfulness, such absolute accuracy of accounts, such promptness 
in the payment of county obligations, and above all with such 
politeness and kindness to every one, in his death the people of 
Northampton County, without regard to politics, race, craft or 
condition have sustained a loss which it will be difficult, if pos- 
sible, to repair or replace. He was a consistent member of the 
Episcopal Church and a lay reader in the Church of the Saviour 
at Jackson. He was faithful and conscientious in all the affairs 
of life, and the immense concourse of people in attendance at 
his burial is evidence of the hold he had upon the hearts and 
affections of all classes of the people of Northampton County.' " 
(Henderson Gold-Leaf, March 17, 1898). 

(50) Georgena Rebecca Moore, dau. of No. 15 and grand- 
daughter of No. 5, was b. at Ft. Johnston, near Smithville, N. C. 
Jan. 17, 1822. On Apl. 28, 1842, at Tuscaloosa, Alabama, she 
was married to Joel Riggs. Mr. Riggs was the son of Zadock 
and Ann Fleming Riggs and was b. Apl. 30, 1812. After 
Georgena Riggs' death at Montgomery on Dec. 29, 1851, Mr. 
Riggs married on the 26th of June, 1862, Elizabeth Martha 
Jones. He died in October, 1886 without issue by his second 
marriage. 

ISSUE: (1st) marriage, (121) William Crutcher, b. Dec. 
25, 1842, d. March 26, 1849; (122) Eliza Moore; (123) James 
b. May 28, 1845, d. May 28, 1846; (124) Junius Alexander, 
b. March 24, 1847, d. Dec. 5, 1849; (125) Ann Fleming, and 
(126) Junius Moore Riggs. 

(51) Caroline Sophia Moore, dau. of Junius Alexander and 
Eliza Clitherall Moore, and a grand-daughter of Dr. George 
Campbell and Caroline Burgwyn Clitherall, was born at Smith- 
ville, N. C. May 8, 1824. On April 10, 1844, at the home of 
her uncle Mr. Samuel Strudwick, of Areola, Alabama, she was 
married to Dr. Marshall Henry Bird, a son of General Bird of 
North Carolina who during the second war with Great Britain 
commanded a regiment of troops raised from Hillsboro, N. C. 
and the adjoining back country. He is said to have been a man 
of giant strength and the physical superior of any of his neigh- 
bors for miles around. Dr. Bird practiced his profession suc- 
cessfully. His amiable disposition, courtly bearing and polished 

( 56) 



manners endeared him to all and he was loved by both whites 
and blacks for his generous and sacrificing nature. He was the 
happiest when serving his fellow-men and alleviating their wants 
and sufferings. He was a devoted husband, a tender and gen- 
erous father and his untimely death, March 17, 1851, was sin- 
cerely lamented by all who had come to know and love the gentle 
and kind young physician. Mrs. Bird lived over a half century 
after her husband's death. Exemplary as a wife, tender and 
affectionate as a mother, warmly sincere as a friend, a con- 
sistent Chirstian, full of gentle sympathies and abounding 
charity, she filled the home of her daughter with all the light, 
life and love, whichever bless the presence of a true and virt- 
uous woman. The last twenty-five years of her life were spent 
in Montgomery, Ala., at the home of her daughter, Gena, Mrs. 
Thos. Goode Jones, and here on January 9th, 1903, surrounded 
by her children and grandchildren, to whom she had so gener- 
ously dedicated her life, her sweet and pure soul winged its 
flight to greet him who fifty years before had passed from the 
sight of men.. 

ISSUE: (127) Georgena; (128) Martha Sophia, b. Oct. 
17, 1848 d. at Montgomery, Ala., July 12, 1813 (single). 

(55) Elizabeth Forbes Burgwyn Clitherall, dau. of No. 20, 
was born July 29, 1838 and was married on Sept. 1, 1863 to 
Dr. Alexander Powe Hall. She died Sept. 25, 1872. 

ISSUE: (129) Hattie Clitherall Hall. 

(5Q) Annie E. Battle, dau. of No. 21, and grand-daughter of 
No. 5, married John Scott in 1854 and had issue (130) Annie, 
b. March 4, 1859. 

(63) George C. Jones, son of No. 22 and grandson of No. 
5, was born in 1838. He married Octavia Owen and died in 
1866, without issue, from wounds received at the Battle of 
Chicamauga. 

(64) Eliza Clitherall Jones, dau. of No. 22 was b. in 1840. 
She married Captain Lewis Neill Huck, C. S. A. and is now liv- 
ing at Spring Hill, near Mobile, Alabama. 

(65) Harvey Ellis Jones, son of No. 22 and grandson of 
No. 5, was b. at Tuscoloosa, Alabama, on April 28, 1842. He 
obtained his education in the private schools of Mobile, taking 

(57) 



College Courses at St. James College, Maryland, and the Uni- 
versity of Alabama, 1858-9, but he was not graduated. He was 
for a while engaged as a clerk and also as a school teacher. He 
entered the Confederate Army on Apl. 28, 1861, as 2nd Ser- 
geant of "Co. E.", Third Ala. Regt. He rose to be lieutenant 
in the same company, and captain and assistant adjutant general 
of General Gracie's Alabama Brigade and at the Battle of 
White Oak Road in Va. he lost his right leg on March 31, 1865. 
Harvey E. Jones was assistant adjutant general of the Ala- 
bama National Guard, 1894-96. He was recording secretary to 
Gov. Thos. G. Jones, 1890-94 and private secretary to Gov. 
Wm. C. Oates, 1894-5. He was associate Railroad Commis- 
sioner of Alabama from 1895 to 1899. In 1901 he was ap- 
pointed by Gov. Wm. J. Samford as State Tax Commissioner. 
Col. Jones is a gentleman of most pleasing manners, bearing the 
unmistakable air of the cultured Southerner, and showing in 
modest reserve the genuine temperament of the brave Confed- 
erate soldier. A single instance will indicate his kindliness of 
heart and his thoughtful courtesy. During the Confederate Re- 
Union in Montgomery, in 1902, an old solider, dressed in the 
Confederate uniform, was given an opportunity to speak from the 
rostrum. The old hero became so warmed in his subject that he 
spoke far beyond his allotted time, and the chairman called him 
down. Under some embarrassment he took his seat and the vast 
audience broke into laughter. Col. Jones immediately arose, 
walked to the old soldier, congratulated him and removed his 
embarrassment. In all the relations of life Col. Jones measures 
to the full appreciation of his countrymen. (From Notable men 
of Alabama, Vol. I, p. 213). Col. Jones served as State Tax 
Commissioner, having been reappointed by Acting Governor 
Cunningham, until early in 1907 when that office was abolished. 
He was then appointed by Gov. B. B. Comer a member of the 
State Tax Commission, serving until about March, 1911. Since 
the formation of the Alabama Division, United Confederate 
Veterans, in 1893, Col. Jones has served as Adjutant and Chief 
of Staff to the Commander, and in October, 1912, he was elected 
Major General and is now in command of the Alabama Division 
U. C. V. Col. Jones also served as an alderman of the Town of 

( 58 ) 



Capitol Heights from 1910 to 1912 and on April I, 1911 he was 
appointed by Judge Thos. G. Jones, Clerk of the United States 
District Court for the Middle District of Alabama, which posi- 
tion he now fills. 

On Nov, 24, 1869, at Spring Hill, Ala., Col. Jones married 
Marion Wilmer, daughter of Richard Hooker Wilmer, Second 
Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in Alabama, and one 
of the most beloved citizens of the State. Bishop Wilmer was 
b. at Alexandria, Va., March 15, 1816, and was the son of Wil- 
liam Holland Wilmer, who was b. in Maryland, Oct. 29, 1782, 
the latter being one of three brothers all of whom entered the 
ministry of the Protestant Episcopal Church. Rev. W. H. 
Wilmer married Marion Hannax Cox, of New Jersey. Bishop 
Wilmer, on Oct. 6, 1840, married Margaret Brown, of "Bel- 
mont," Nelson County, Va., youngest daughter of Gen. Alex- 
ander Brown and his wife Lucy Shandon Rives who was the 
daughter of Robt. Rives and his wife Margaret J. Cabell. Bis- 
hop Wilmer died at Mobile, Ala., June 14, 1900 and is buried 
there. 

Mrs. Marion Wilmer Jones, is thus descended from King 
Robert Bruce of Scotland through her maternal grandfather, and 
through her maternal grandmother from Lt.-Col. William Ca- 
bell, High Sheriff of the Colony of Virginia and a member of 
the House of Burgesses. She is a member of the Daughters of 
the Order of the Crown, the Colonial Dames, the Daughters of 
the American Revolution and the United Daughters of the Con- 
federacy, in the labors of all of which societies she has taken 
an honored and useful part. It was mainly through her efforts 
that the State of Alabama purchased the site of Old Fort Tou- 
louse and that the Colonial Dames of Alabama erected there a 
handsome monument. 

ISSUE: (131) Richard Wilmer; (132) Madeline Clitherall; 
(133) Harvey Ellis, Jr.; (134) George Hurxthal; (135) Wil- 
liam Fitzhugh; (136) Alexander Burgwyn, b. Nov. 21, 1882 d. 
1912; (136) John Stewart. 

(67) Netta Battle, dau. of No. 22, and her 2nd husband, 
J. A. M. Battle, was b. Dec. 24, 1853, and was married at 
Winchester, Va. on Nov. 30, 1878 to Phillip William Fauntleroy, 

( 59 ) 



b. Jan. 9, 1852, the son of Thos. Turner and Ann Williams 
Fauntleroy. Residence: Jacksonville, Fla. 

ISSUE: (138) Frank Battle, b. June 25, 1880; (139) Made- 
leine Clitherall, b. July 19, 1882; (140) Netta Battle, b. Apl. 
27, 1884; (141) Zide Louise, b. Feb. 26, 1887; (142) Thomas 
Turner, b. Dec. 15, 1890; (143) Phillip William, Jr., b. Jan. 
19, 1897. 

(69) John Scott Battle, son of No. 22 and J. A. M. Battle, 
was b. June 1, 1859. On April 18, 1889, he married Zoe Fari- 
bault. 

ISSUE: (144) Richard Faribault Battle, b. March 18, 1900. 

(70) Walter Granden Battle, son of No. 22 and J. A. M. 
Battle, was b. at Tuskegee, Alabama, Jan. 17, 1864. He was 
married Sept. 17, 1890 to Lutie Kimball, dau. of George W. and 
Helen R. Kimball. Mr. Battle lives at St. Louis, Mo., where for 
the past seventeen years he has been connected with the James 
Clark Leather Co., of which company he is now Sec. and Treas. 
He is a member of the Royal Arcanum, and of St. Peter's Epis- 
copal Church and in politics he is a Democrat. 

ISSUE: (145) George Kimball, b. July 24, 1896; (146) 
Helen Kimball, b. Aug. 22, 1899. 

(76) Minnie Clitherall, dau. of No. 23, was born Jan. 23, 
1853. She married Frank Gilmer Taylor and is now living at 
Montgomery, Alabama. 

ISSUE: (147) J. Hunt Taylor m. Grace Morgan, and has 
two children; (148) Clitherall Taylor; (149) Willie John 
Taylor. 

(77) Mattie Clitherall, dau. of No. 23, was b. Feb. 13, 
1855 and was married at Montgomery, Alabama, on the eighth 
of January, 1873 to William Edward Ellsberry, who was b. 
Jan. 5, 1852, and is the son of Jas. H. and Francis Gleeson 
Ellsberry. Mr. and Mrs. Ellsberry live near Montgomery, on 
the Woodley Road, where they have a splendid farm. 

ISSUE: (150) Kate; (151) Bessie; (152) Clitherall; (153) 
Arthur Davis, b. Apl. 17, 1887 an electrical engineer and grad- 
uate of the Alabama Polytechnic Institute. He is a member of 
the Alpha Tau Omega Fraternity and lives at Charleston, W. 
Va. (154) William Edward, Jr., b. Nov. 3, 1889, a graduate 

( 60 ) 



of the Alabama Polytechnic Institute, a successful planter, mem- 
ber of the A. T. O. fraternity. 

(78) Allie Burgwyn Clitherall, dau. of Alexr. B. and Kate 
Hayes Clitherall, was b. at Carrollton, Pickens Co., Alabama, 
Aug. 16, 1858. She was married at Montgomery on March 30, 
1875 to George Anthony Birch, son of Edmund and Margaret 
Douglas Birch. He was born at Talbatton, Ga., and died at 
Montgomery, Alabama, Apl. 11, 1897. 

ISSUE: (155) Edmund Pendleton, d. y. (156) Alexander 
Clitherall; (157) Kate Clitherall. 

(80) George Burgwyn Anderson. (From the sketch by 
Major Seaton Gales, in the September, 1875, issue of "Our Liv- 
ing and Our Dead.") "An unsullied honor, a record that shall be 
immortal, and a grateful and affectionate remembrance of her 
martyred sons, are much that are left to the South from the 
wreck of the great Civil War. That honor, no prejudice or ma- 
lignity can successfully assail or ever tarnish. That record of 
heroism and devotion shall grow in lustre as the years advance, 
and be the theme of song and story in years that are yet to come. 
And that love and veneration for the noble dead will live and 
intensify until the present generation sleeps in the dust, and then 
our children and our children's children 

Shall revive their names, and in fond memories 
Preserve and still keep fresh, like flowers in water, 
Their glorious deeds. 

"Lavish as have been her offerings, North Carolina has rarely 
made a richer contribution to fame and history, than when George 
Burgwyn Anderson left them the legacy of his bright young 
name and example. It shall be the object of this imperfect 
sketch to tell his services and to commemorate a life that was as 
admirable while it lasted, as it was glorious in its conclusion. 
George Burgwyn Anderson was born in Orange County, within 
one mile of Hillsboro, on the 12th day of April, 1831. His 
father was William E. Anderson, a brother of Chief Justice 
Walker Anderson of Florida, and best known as the faithful and 
intelligent cashier for many years of the Branch Bank of the 

( 61 ) 



State at Wilmington. His mother, Eliza, (No. 24) was the 
daughter of George Burgwyn (No. 6) of the HERMITAGE in 
New Hanover — the head of a family graced by all the qualities 
which adorn society. As a boy he was remarkable for the 
brightness of his intellect, his amiable and cheerful disposition — 
manly deportment and studious habits — the same qualities which 
in after life, characterized him in so remarkable a degree. He 
matriculated at the University of North Carolina in 1817, joining 
the sophomore class of that year. He entered West Point Mil- 
itary Academy in 1848 and graduated in 1852, ninth in his class. 
In 1857 he became adjutant of the Second Regiment of Dra- 
goons, U. S. A. On the 8th of November, 1859 he was married 
to Miss Mildred Ewing. The following Spring Capt. Burgwyn 
received the recruiting detail and was stationed in Louisville, Ky., 
until 1861, when he resigned his commission in the United States 
Army and hastened to North Carolina to link his fortunes with 
those of his native State. He was the first officer of the old 
army, then in service, zvho profferred his sword and his life to 
North Carolina. True to the patriotic and filial instincts of his 
great heart he rushed to the defense of the dear land of his na- 
tivity and affections. Arriving in Raleigh, he was commis- 
sioned by Gov. Ellis as Colonel of the Fourth Regiment, N. C. 
S. T. on the 18th of May, 1861. At the Battle of Seven Pines, 
May 31, 1862, in the absence of Gen. Featherston, he command- 
ed the brigade, which consisted of the 49th, Va., 27 and 28th 
Ga. and the 4th N. C. The latter carried into action 520 men; 
86 Avere killed and 376 wounded. Of the 27 officers on duty, 
24 were either killed or wounded. Col. Anderson behaved so 
gallantly that he was commissioned a Brigadier General on the 
9th of June, 1862. The brigade assigned to him was composed 
of the 2nd, 4th, 14th and 20th Regts. N. C. S. Troops. At 
Sharpsburg, while directing his men Gen. Anderson was wound- 
ed. During an assault of the enemy, in which a large part of 
Hill's Division fell back through a mistake in conveying orders, 
Gen. Anderson and his men nobly held their line, until he was 
struck by a ball in the foot near the ankle, which brought him 
to the ground. It was a most painful injury, and he suffered 
great agony in being carried to Richmond and thence to Raleigh, 
( 62 ) 



where finally an amputation was made. He sank under the 
operation and died on the morning of October 16, 1862. Gen. 
Anderson was buried in the City Cemetery. The funeral was 
one of the most imposing ever witnessed in Raleigh. The old 
flag which waved above him at Seven Pines, was borne on its 
shattered staff in the cortege, and attached to the saddle on his 
horse, was the sword which he wore when he received the fatal 
wound. This sword was once the property of his gallant uncle, 
Capt. J. H. K. Burgwyn, and was on his person when he fell 
bravely fighting at the battle of Pueblo de Taos, in Mexico. Had 
he been spared he would undoubtedly have attained the highest 
distinction. But a death in defense of honor and country is 
equal to a lifetime of glory, and when North Carolina makes up 
her roll of honor — as she must and will do when calmer times 
supervene — full justice will be done to his memory. Surveying 
in mournful and grateful retrospect, the long catalogue of dead 
heroes who have illustrated her name in history, she will dwell 
with peculiar pride upon the life and services of George Burg- 
wyn Anderson." 

(97) Caroline Burgwyn Ashe, dau. of No. 28 and Thos. 
S. Ashe, married James Alexander Lockhart and died in 1904. 

ISSUE: (158) Margaret Ashe m. H. H. McLendon, a lawyer 
and had issue Caroline Ashe McLendon; (159) Geo. Burgwyn 
m. Rosa Bland and has issue, two sons: George and Trez- 
evant; (160) James Alexander Lockhart; (161) Sebor Smedes. 
postmaster at Wadesboro, N. C. (162) Ashe Lockhart; (163) 
Caroline Burgwyn Lockhart. 

(98) Annie Ruffin Ashe, dau. of No. 28 and Judge Thos. 
S. Ashe, married, Nov. 28, 1860, Richard Henry Battle, a pro- 
minent lawyer and son of William Horn Battle, LL. D. and 
his wife Lucy Martin Plummer. Mr. R. H. Battle is a brother 
of Kemp. Battle, of the Faculty of the University of North 
Carolina. Mrs. Annie Ashe Battle died in July, 1883. 

ISSUE SURVIVING: (164) Louis J. Battle, M. D., b. 
1865, m. Ida Polkingham and has issue: (a) Mary, (b) Richard, 
(c) Mildred; (165) Edmund Strudwick, b. 1872, m. Delia Clark 
and has issue: (a) Annie Ashe and (b) Richard Henry; (166) 
Caroline Burgwyn Battle, m. William Still of Charlotte and 

( 63 ) 



has issue: (a) Richard Battle Still; (167) Rosa Battle, m. 
Dr. Robert Miller and has issue: (a) Annie B. Miller. 

(99) Maria Nash Ashe, daughter of Thomas Samuel and 
Caroline Burgwyn Ashe and grand-daughter of George Wil- 
liam Bush Burgwyn, married in November, 1866, James C. 
Marshall. Mr. Marshall attained his majority, received his 
diploma at Chapel Hill and entered the Confederate Army on 
the same day — June 4, 1861. He saw active service in Virginia 
and soon after going in was made adjutant of the 14th N. C. 
Troops, participating in most of the big battles in Northern 
Virginia and the early ones in Maryland. Mr. Marshall was 
taken prisoner at Fisher's Hill in the fall of 1864. He now 
lives at Wadesboro, N. C. Mrs. Marshall takes great interest 
in all that concerns the welfare of her family and community 
and is esteemed and loved by all who know her. She is a devoted 
and affectionate wife and a generous and sacrificing mother. 
Mrs. Marshall is deepby interested in family history and genea- 
logy and her patient and generous responses to the many letters 
of the writer of this volume have done much towards making it 
complete and some of the most interesting and valuable facts 
herein have been supplied by her and the use of books kindly 
loaned by her. 

ISSUE: (168) Thomas Ashe Marshall, m. Mirta Monsal- 
ratge; (169) William Lockhart Marshall, m. Rosalie Monsal- 
ratge and has issue: Wm. L. Marshall Jr.; (170) Maria Nash 
Marshall, b. Jan. 6, 1873, d. Dec. 12, 1895; (171) Ethel 
Marshall, m. June, 1904, H. I. DePass and has issue: (a) 
Flora Mitchell, (b) Maria Ashe, (c) Lily, (d) Ethel. 

(104) Sarah Parker Quince, dau. of No. 32, was b. June 6, 
1823. She married Capt. John Maffitt and had issue: (172) 
Florrie Maffit who m. Mr. Armstrong and has three children; 

(173) Maria B. Maffit, m. John J. Parker and has one child; 

(174) Sara Maffit, (sing.) 

(114) Harry Burgwyn Baker, son of No. 42, and T. Roberts 
Baker, m. Jeanette Long. 

ISSUE: (175) J. A. B. Baker, b. 1912. 

(118) George Pollok Burgwyn, son of (47) George Pollok 
and Emma Ridley Burgwyn, was born at "Hillside Plantation", 

( 64 ) 



GEORGE POLLOK BURGWYN 



Northampton County, N. C, July 10, 1878. He received his 
early education in the local schools, of his county and later 
studied under the Rev. B. S. Bronson at Warrenton. In 1891-3 
he attended the school of the Va. Mechanics Institute, 
(Richmond) and in 1896 attended the University of North 
Carolina at which institution he was initiated into Zeta Psi Fra- 
ternity. 

On Feb. 10, 1904, Mr. Burgwyn married Emily Bartlett, 
(b. Dec. 31, 1880) dau. of Mr. Bartlett Roper, of Petersburg, 
Va. Of this union three children were born. 

An Episcopalian by birth and inclination, Mr. Burgwyn early 
identified himself with that church. His high character and 
faithful observance of all the duties which mark the Christian 
gentleman, united with his loyal devotion to the church of his 
ancestors, have won for him the love and esteem of his fellow 
churchmen and since 1907 he has served as a vestryman in the 
Church of the Saviour at Jackson and for the past two years 
has been a lay reader. 

Mr. Burgwyn for the past four years has held the position 
of Secretary of King Solomon Lodge No. 5G A. F. and A. M. 
In 1909, 1910 and 1913 he was a member of the Town Com- 
missioners of his native city, efficiently and faithfully perform- 
ing the duties of this office to the satisfaction of all. Modest 
and unassuming in manner; refined in taste, courteous and 
frank in his bearing; cheerful and amiable in his disposition, he 
is greatly respected by all who know him. The kindness of 
his heart, his large-hearted liberality and disinterested devotion 
to his fellowmen steal allegiance from every heart and com- 
mand the devoted attachment of all who are fortunate enough 
to be within the circle of his personal acquaintanceship. 

ISSUE: (175) Emily Roper Burgwyn, b. Jan. 10, 1905; 
(176) George Pollok Burgwyn, Jr., b. July 3, 1906; (177) 
Bartlett Roper Burgwyn, b. May 29, 1909. 

(119) Maria Greenough Burgwyn, dau. of No. 47, married in 
1910 Dr. W. T. M. Long and has issue: (178) Bettie Gray 
Long, b. 1912. 

(120) W. H. S. Burgwyn, son of No. 47, was b. in 1886 
and married Josephine Griffin. 

( 65 ) 



(122) Eliza Moore Riggs, dau. of No. 50 and Joel Riggs, 
was b. July 17, 1844. At Selma, Ala., Aug. 30, 1864, she was 
married to B. J. Tarver. 

ISSUE: (179) Carrie Bird Tarver. 

(125) Ann Fleming Riggs, dau. of No. 50 and Joel Riggs, 
and a grand-daughter of Mrs. Eliza Inglis Moore, was born 
at Montgomery, Alabama, April 3, 1849. On April 12, 1871 
she was married to Edward Pegram Gait, who was b. at Nor- 
folk, Va., Oct. 5, 1847. His parents were Alexander and Mary 
Raincock Gait. They were both descended from early and dis- 
tinguished families of Virginia. The Gait family is of Scotch 
origin, and the Raincock family of English. Alexr. Gait was 
in the drug business at Norfolk for many years and died there in 
1855 at the age of sixty-three. E. P. Gait was educated at 
Norfolk until the commencement of the War between the States, 
which turned the current of his life. He entered the Confederate 
Army at the age of seventeen, in 1864, serving in the Harris 
Home hospital as an apothecary until the close of the war. After 
the War he resumed the drug business at Norfolk, remaining 
there until September, 1866, when he came to Selma, Ala., and 
clerked in a drug store until 1878, when he established himself 
in business. He has long been secretary to the Alabama State 
Board of Pharmacy. Mr. Gait is a member of the Episcopal 
Church and for many years has been secretary to the vestry. 

ISSUE: (189) Gena Moore Gait, b. Feb. 7, 1872; d. July 
12, 1884. (181) William Clark Gait, b. July 9, 1875, married 
Minnie Eggleston and has issue: i. Edward Pegram Gait, b. 
Nov. 14, 1901; ii. Wm. Eggleston Gait, b. May 5, 1904. (182) 
Edward P. Gait, b. Nov. 2, 1878, d. Apl. 1, 1889. (182a) Annie 
Riggs Gait, b. May 5, 1882, d. Dec. 8, 1882. (183) Junius 
Riggs Gait, b. Jan. 2, 1885, married Evelyn Sommerville Bibb, 
dau. of Martha Bibb Shepperd and Wm. Crawford Bibb, on 
April 17, 1911 and has issue: June Sommerville Gait, b. Aug. 
2, 1912. (184) Mary Alexander Gait, b. March 5, 1888; d. 
May 19, 1909. 

(126) Junius Moore Riggs, son of (50) Georgena Moore 
and Joel Riggs, and grandson of Mrs. Eliza Inglis Moore, was 
born at Montgomery, Alabama, Nov. 29, 1851. His paternal 

( 66 ) 



grandparents are Zadock Riggs and wife Nancy Fleming, of 
North Carolina. Mr. Riggs received a common school education 
and since 1874 has been Marshal and Librarian of the Supreme 
Court of Alabama. He is a Past Grand Chancellor of the 
Knights of Pythias, Domain of Alabama, past dictator Knights 
of Honor and is a member of the National Union and Fraternal 
Union. He is a Democrat and a member of the Protestant 
Episcopal church. Mr. Riggs is compiler of the Catalogues of 
the Supreme Court Library and State Library. On April 11, 
1888 he married Elizabeth Harris, dau. of John Templeton 
Green and wife Elizabeth Harris, of Vicksburg, Miss., the for- 
mer being the son of Thos. M. Green, Jr. and Wife Mary Tem- 
pleton. (Ala. Official and Statistical Reg. 1903). Mr. Riggs 
has served as Marshal and Librarian of the Ala. Sup. Ct. for 
thirty-nine consecutive, years and his never-failing courtesy, 
promptness and cheerfulness in the discharge of his duties have 
made friends of all who have come in contact with him and he 
commands the respect and esteem of the entire Bar of Alabama. 
He is a gentleman of high character, generous, loyal and sin- 
cere in all the relations of life. No issue. 

(127) Georgena Caroline Bird, eldest daughter of (51) 
Caroline Sophia Moore and Dr. Marshall Henry Bird, was b. 
Oct. 9, 1846, at Erie, Green Co. (now Hale) Alabama. At 
Montgomery, Alabama, on Dec. 20, 1866 she was married to 
Thomas Goode Jones, son of Samuel Goode and Martha W. 
Goode Jones, who was b. Nov. 26, 1844. Mrs. Thos. G. Jones 
has been a communicant of St. John's Episcopal Church since 
early girlhood and takes a deep and active interest in all that 
concerns the welfare of the parish. She is also a member of 
the Colonial Dames and the United Daughters of the Confed- 
eracy and for long years has taken an active and useful part in 
the labors of the Working Woman's Home of Montgomery, an 
institution founded and supported by the ladies of Montgomery 
for the aid of deserving women. The quotation below is from 
an article by Mrs. Marie Bankhead Owen in the Advertiser of 
Jan. 15, 1911: "Mrs. Thos. G. Jones, is one woman who is 
bitterly opposed to having her picture taken. For this reason 
there is no "counterfeit presentment" of this noble woman in this 

( 67 ) 



galaxy of the "first ladies of Alabama." She has left a picture of 
her beautiful life and sweet, unselfish nature in the hearts of 
the thousands of people who know and love her. She is posses- 
sor of the universal mother-heart and feels that humanity is her 
brethren. If an old friend or the child of an old friend is in 
trouble or ill it's a wager that 'Miss Gena' is the first to be sent 
for. All Montgomery knows and all Montgomery loves her. 
While several of the governors have possessed large families the 
Jones family heads the procession with thirteen children." 

ISSUE: (185) Marshall Bird Jones, b. Nov. 3, 1869, mar- 
ried Allie Stickney and died September, 1901 without issue. 
(186) Gena Moore Jones; (187) Thomas Goode Jones, Jr., b. 
June 6, 1873, d. Aug. 17, 1873; (188) Martha Goode Jones; 

(189) Carrie Bird Jones, b. Aug. 25, 1876, d. Aug. 5, 1901; 

(190) Madeleine Clitherall Jones, b. Aug. 23, 1878, d. Aug. 14, 
1879; (191) Gordon Houston Jones; (192) Lucy Spottswood 
Jones; (193) Elizabeth Clitherall Jones, b. Aug. 15, 1883 d. 
May 5, 1885; (194) Thomas Goode Jones, Jr., b. June 9, 1885; 
(195) Samuel Goode Jones, b. at Montgomery, Ala., May 23, 
1887, d. at Tucson, Ariz., Feb. 12, 1912; (196) Walter Burg- 
wyn Jones; (197) Netta Sampson Jones, b. Nov. 18, 1889. 

(129) Hattie Clitherall Hall, dau. of No. 55 and Dr. A. P. 
Hall, was b. March 10, 1866, and on July 11, 1887, she married 
Henry A. Horst, an esteemed citizen of Mobile, x\la. Mrs. 
Hattie H. Horst died Feb. 3, 1893. 

ISSUE: (198) Henry Alexander Horst, Jr., b. May 8, 
1888; (199) Hattie C. Hall Horst, b. May 13, 1890. Married 
June 12, 1912, to Jessie Dixon Wadsworth and has issue: Jes- 
sie Dixon Wadsworth, Jr., b. March 19, 1913. 

(131) Richard Wilmer Jones, son of No. 65 and Marion 
Wilmer, was b. July 18, 1870. He married Fannie Murphree of 
Dothan, Alabama, and has issue as follows: (200) Minnie Wil- 
mer Jones, b. at Pinckard, Ala., Jan. 16, 1900; (201) Clara 
Murphree Jones, b. at Dothan, Nov. 20, 1900; (202) Harvey 
Ellis Jones, Jr., b. at Bainbridge, Ga., April 23, 1905, and a 
son born Sept. 30, 1913. 

(132) Madeleine Clitherall Jones, dau. of No. 65 and Marion 

( 68 ) 



Wilmer. was b. Dec. 18, 1871. She married James Fontaine 
Maury and lives at Spring Hill, near Mobile, Alabama. 

ISSUE: (203) Madeleine C. Maury, b. June 13, 1896; 
(204) James F. Maury, Jr., b. Dec. 4, 1897; (205) Marion 
Wilmer Maury, b. Jan. 19, 1900; (206) Harvey Jones Maury, 
b. 1902; (207) Richard Wilmer Maury, b. Oct. 13, 1903; (208) 
Franklin Hervey Maury, b. Dec. 14, 1905; (209) Lewis Huck 
Maury, b. Feb. 7, 1908; (210) Betty Maury, b. Feb. 28, 1912. 

(133) Harvey Ellis Jones, Junior, son of No. 65 and Marion 
Wilmer, was b. March 20, 1874. He married Dec. 20, 1899, 
Eliza Hilton Howell, of New Orleans, La. No issue. 

(134) George Hurxthal Jones, son of No. 65 and Marion 
Wilmer, was b. June 29, 1876. He married Madeleine Fauntle- 
roy, his first cousin. 

ISSUE: (211) Dorothy Burgwin Jones, b. June 21, 1905; 
(212) Geo. H. Jones, Jr., b. Aug. 2, 1907; (213) Phillip Faun- 
tlerov Jones, b. Dec. 1911. 

(135) William Fitzhugh Jones, son of No. 65 and Marion 
Wilmer, was b. May 26, 1878. He is Captain of 'Battery F." 
2nd Field Artillery, U. S. A. He married Miss Sarah Austill 
Brassfield, of Florence, Ala., and has issue: (214) Madeleine 
Wilmer Jones, b. at Ft. Caswell, N. C, Sept. 6, 1904. 

(136) John Stewart Jones, son of No. 65 and Marion Wil- 
mer, was b. June 7, 1884. He married Annie Boiling Tuttle, 
on Aug. 24, 1902, and has one child: (215) Annie Boiling 
Jones, b. April 17, 1903. 

(150) Kate Ellsberry, eldest daughter of No. 77 and Wil- 
liam Edward Ellsberry, was born at Montgomery, Ala., Jan. 
16, 1879. On April 28, 1897 she married William Homer 
LeGrand, who was b. July 21, 1871, and is the son of Milton 
Paul LeGrand and his wife Louise Jones LeGrand. 

ISSUE: (216) Milton Paul LeGrand, b. Sept. 5, 1898; 
(217) William Homer LeGrand, b. Oct. 16, 1901; (218) Eloise 
LeGrand, b. Nov. 22, 1903. (219) Arthur Ellsberry LeGrand, 
b. June 18, 1905, d. June 13, 1906. 

(151) Bessie Ellsberry, dau. of No. 77 and W. E. Ells- 
berry, was. b. at Montgomery, Aug. 13, 1881. On Nov. 4, 1902 
she married Dr. James E. Rushin. 

( 69 ) 



ISSUE: (220) James Ellsberry Rushin, b. Nov. 4, 1902. 

(152) Clitherall Ellsberry, son of No. 77 and W. E. Ells- 
berry, was b. Oct. 25, 1873, and died Oct. 10, 1901. On Oct. 
22, 1898, he married Mary George, of Demopolis. 

ISSUE: (221) Katherine Clitherall Ellsberry, b. Oct. 29, 
1899. 

(156) Alexander Clitherall Birch, son of No. 78, and George 
Anthony Birch, was b. at Opelika, Jan. 21, 1876. On Nov. 6, 
1907, at Birmingham, Ala., he married George Weatherly, eldest 
daughter of Hon. James Weatherly and Florence Milner Weath- 
erly, of Birmingham. Mrs. A. C. Birch was born at New Castle, 
Ala., Sept. 30, 1884. 

ISSUE: (222) Florence Milner Birch, b. Sept. 2, 1910. 

When Alex. C. Birch was five years old his parents removed 
to Montgomery and when he was twelve years of age he was 
appointed Executive Messenger by Gov. Thos. Seay and served 
under him for about six months and was re-appointed by Gov. 
Thos. G. Jones. He received a common school education, leav- 
ing the public schools when appointed Executive Messenger and 
attending night school during the four years of his service. He 
entered the University of Alabama in Sept. 1893 and graduated 
with honors, in June, 1896. While in College he stood high in 
his classes and took a prominent part in all of the debates of the 
literary society and was a Commencement Orator. After leaving 
the University of Alabama he attended Washington and Lee 
University, where he graduated with honors in the law class of 
1907 and was again a commencement orator. He was admitted 
to the Bar of the Supreme Court of Alabama in January, 1898 
and was associated in the practise of law for five years with 
the law firm of Thos. G. & Chas. P. Jones, one of the leading 
law firms of the State. When Thos. G. Jones was appointed 
U. S. Dist. Judge by President Roosevelt, Mr. Birch removed 
to Birmingham and practised law there. He was appointed 
United States Commissioner by Judge Jones and served in this 
capacity for two years when he resigned to accept the appoint- 
ment by Judge Jones as Referee in Bankruptcy and he is now 
serving his fourth term in that office where the volume of business 
in the bankruptcy court is third in rank in the United States. 

( 70 ) 



Mr. Birch is a Republican in politics and is a member of the 
county, district and State Executive Committees. He was a 
delegate from the State at Large to the Republican National 
Convention of 1912 and was a member of the famous credentials 
committee of that convention. He argued the Alabama Contest 
before the National Committee, representing the Taft delegates. 
His thorough familiarity ith the law and facts and rules of the 
convention and his complete mastery of the contests made such a 
favorable impression that we was retained by the chief counsel of 
the Taft forces to assist in the handling of all contests before the 
committee. Mr. Birch's wife (Miss George Weatherly) is the 
eldest daughter of Hon. James Weatherly, one of the 
City Commissioners of Birmingham and one of the foremost 
lawyers in Alabama. Mrs. Weatherly is the youngest daughter 
of Col. Jno. T. Milner, who was associated with Samuel Goode 
Jones, a distinguished civil engineer and father of Judge Thos. 
G. Jones, in pioneer railroad building in Alabama. Col. Milner 
located the site for Birmingham, being at the time an engineer 
on the construction of the South & North Ala. R. R. 

(157) Kate Clitherall Birch, dau. of No. 78, was b. at Mont- 
gomery, Dec. 5, 1884. On June 1, 1905 she was married to Dud- 
ley Lawrence, of Lawrence Park, N. Y. 

ISSUE: (223) Dudley Bates Lawrence, b. Feb. 26, 1906; 
(224) Clitherall Birch, b. Jan. 24, 1910; (225) Katurah Van 
Duzer, b. March 18, 1912. 

(179) Carrie Bird Tarver, dau. of No. 122, was b. Aug. 12, 
1873. She married Walton W. Stewart (d. and has issue two 
girls: (226) Elva; (227) Walton. 

(186) Gena Moore Jones, eldest daughter of No. 127 and 
Thos. G. Jones, was born at Montgomery, Nov. 26, 1871. She 
was married first at Montgomery on Jan. 24, 1894, to Charles 
Thomas Holt, who was born at Mt. Pleasant, Rockingham Co., N. 
C, Jan. 9, 1858, and died at Haw River, N. C, Dec. 13, 1900, 
and is buried in the family burying ground at Graham, N. C. 
Mr. Holt was the son of Thomas Michael, who was Governor of 
North Carolina in 1891, and his wife Louisa Moore Holt. 

ISSUE: (223) Louisa Moore Holt, b. at Haw River, N. C, 
July 3, 1899; both her maternal and paternal grand-fathers were 

( 71 ) 



Governors of Alabama and North Carolina respectively in 1891. 
Mrs. Gena Jones Holt married (2nd) the Rev. Horace Thorn- 
burgh Owen at Haw River, N. C., on October 22, 1902. Mr. 
Owen was born at Adrian, Mich., June 22, 1875 and is the son 
of the Reverend Oliver Owen and his wife Maria Wilson Owen. 
Rev. Horace T. Owen was assistant minister in Trinity Parish, 
N. J. and was Rector of St. Athanasius Church, Burlington, N. 
C. and is at present Rector of St. Paul's Church, Trenton, New 
Jersey: address 331 Center St., Trenton, N. J. 

ISSUE : (224) Horace T. Owen, Jr., b. at Haw River, N. C. 
Oct. 9, 1903; (225) Thomas Jones Owen, b. at Trenton, N. J.. 

Oct. 5, 1908 (225a) Gena Moore Owen, b. at Trenton, N. J.. 

March 3, 1910. 

(188) Martha Goode Jones, daughter of No. 127 and Thos. 
G. Jones, was born at Montgomery, Aug. 10, 1875 and was 
married to Thomas Willis Cohoon at Montgomery, on Jan. 30, 
1895. Mr. Cohoon was born at CEDAR VALE, (built by his 
great great great grandfather in 1742) Nansemond County, Va., 
March 11, 1864. He is the son of Willis Everett Cohoon, b. 
Jan. 4, 1824, and (son of John Cowper and Mary Louisa 
Everett Cohoon), died April 25, 1880, and his wife Martha Cor- 
nelia Smith Cohoon, who was b. Feb. 25, 1830 and died June 4, 
1865. Mr. Cohoon is a nephew of the late Col. Thos. W. Smith 
of Suffolk, Va. 

ISSUE: (227) Gena Cohoon, b. Dec. 14, 1895; (228) 
Thomas Jones Cohoon, b. Oct. 10, 1897; (229) Louise Cohoon, 
b. March 12, 1900, d. March 30, 1900; (230) Willis Everett 
Cohoon, b. Apl. 8, 1902; (231) Martha Goode Cohoon, b. at 
Suffolk, Va., July 29, 1913. 

(191) Gordon Houston Jones, son of No. 127 and Thos. G. 
Jones, "was born at Montgomery, Ala., June 15, 1880, and died 
there July 30, 1911, after an illness extending over a year. He 
was initiated into Sigma Alpha Epsilon by Ala. Mu chapter, 
on Sept. 13, 1898, while a sophomore at the Alabama Polytech- 
nic Institute, Auburn, Ala. At the time of his death young Jones 
held a responsible position in Kansas City. His kindness of 
heart, his loyalty and devotion to his friends, and his pleasing 
address drew about him a large circle of friends who mourn his 

( 72 ) 



WALTER BURGWYN JONES 
In 1907 



untimely demise. No one could know Gordon Jones and fail to 
love him. His cheerful disposition, his generosity and chari- 
tableness for the frailities of others, and willingness to go to any 
inconvenience or sacrifice if thereby he might aid his friends 
attached those with whom he came in contact by a stronger bond 
of friendship than usually exists." (From the Record of Sigma 
Alpha Epsilon, Sept. 1911). He married Marion Louise War- 
ford and died without issue. 

(196) Walter 7 Burgwyn Jones, youngest son of Thomas 
Goode Jones and his wife (127) Georgena Caroline Bird, was b. 
at Montgomery, Ala., Oct. 16, 1888. He was educated at the 
private school of Miss Gussie Woodruff and later attended the 
public schools of his native city. He entered the freshman class 
of the Alabama Polytechnic Institute and was there during the 
session of 1906-7. The next year, fall of 1907, he entered the 
law department of the University of Alabama, graudating May 
26, 1909, with "Highest Honors" and was given the degree of 
Bachelor of Laws. The next day, May 27th, though less than 
twenty-one years of age, he was licensed by the Supreme Court 
of Alabama to practise as an attorney at law and solicitor in 
chancery in all the courts of Alabama, and on July 3, 1909 was 
admitted to practise in the United States District and Circuit 
Courts. 

Walter B. Jones was initiated into Sigma Alpha Epsilon by 
Ala. Alpha Mu Chapter, Sept. 13, 1906 and the next year affili- 
ated with Ala.-Mu Chapter and served as eminent archon of that 
chapter. While at the University he was vice-president of the 
Kent Law Club and was President of the Law Class of 1909. 
He is a Democrat and has always taken an interest in politics 
and was Asst. Secretary to the Montgomery County Anti-Amend- 
ment Committee in 1909. He is a lawyer and private secretary 
to the U. S. Dist. Judge for the N. & M. Dists. of Alabama, 
having held this position since May, 1911. Mr. Jones is a 
Knight of Pythias and Chancellor Commander of Central Lodge 
No. 9 and a member of the Dramatic Order Knights of Khoras- 
san, and past Commander 1st Brigade, Ala. Div. S. C. V. He 
is also a member of the Country Club of Montgomery, and the 

( 73 ) 



White Water Club, of Autauga Co. He is the compiler of the 
family history and genealogy of "John Burgwin, Carolinian 
and John Jones, Virginian." Address: 323 Adams Avenue, 
Montgomery, Alabama. 




( U ) 



The Joneses 




THE JONESES 

HE name JONES is of Welsh origin and is in the 
possessive case, being derived from the Chris- 
tian name JOHN. "The Welsh, until quite mod- 
ern times, distinguished themselves from one 
another by employing the Welsh peposition "ap," which lib- 
erally rendered means the son of. Thus, if a Welshman named 
John had a son named Thomas, the son was called for distinction 
Thomas ap John. Or if it were desired to distinguish Thomas 
with great particularity, the name of another ancestor was added : 
as, if John's father were named Roger, they would call Thomas 
in that event Thomas ap John ap Roger, and so on ad infinitum. 
The Welsh had no other names until the English, by act of Par- 
liament, compelled them to adopt their custom or surnames, when 
the Welsh, no doubt as a matter of sentiment, and naturally not 
wishing to make any departure from their accustomed names, 
simply adopted their father's Christian name for their surname. 
Thus, what before had been Thomas ap John, or Thomas the 
son of John, or Thomas John his son, became Thomas Johnhis, 
and by abbreviation in the course of time, Thomas John; or 
inserting an "e" for the sake of euphony, Thomas Johnes or 
Jones. And the fact that the name John was a favorite name 
with the Welsh will sufficiently account for the frequent recur- 
rence of the name Jones among that people and elsewhere. The 
great warrior and crusader, Sir Hugh Johnys or Jones, derived 
his name in this way." (L. H. Jones' Family History). 

The Reverend RICHARD 1 JONES, of Welsh extraction, 
married Lady Jeffries, of the Manor of Ley, and settled in 
Devonshire, Eng. He patented 1500 acres of land in Prince 
George County, near Merchant's Hope. (W. & M. Q. X:247). 
One of his sons Major PETER 2 JONES, married Margaret 
Wood, dau. of Major General Abraham Wood who "came to 
Virginia in 1620, as a little boy of ten years, in the Margaret 

( 77 ) 



and John, commanded by Capt. Anthony Chester. This ves- 
sel had a great fight on the way over with two Spanish men-of- 
war, and beat them off. * * * Little Abraham escaped unhurt, 
and in 1625 was living at Jamestown in the employment of Capt. 
Samuel Mathews. He rose rapidly to public prominence, was a 
member of the House of Burgesses, a member of the Council, and 
in 1671, was a one of the four major generals commanding the 
military establishment of Virginia. In 1646 he was made Cap- 
tain of Fort Henry, at the modern Petersburg, and in 1658 
was colonel of the militia of Charles City and Henrico Counties. 
The land at Fort Henry, together with all the houses, boats and 
ammunition belonging thereto was granted to Capt. Wood on 
the condition that for three years he should keep up a garrision 
there for the defense of the colony. General Wood was public 
spirited and he sent various expeditions to explore the country 
westward. In 1680 he negotiated a treaty with the Indians 
which received the praise of the governor. He doubtless died 
soon after." (W. & M. Q., XIX:287). 

Major PETER JONES 2 , in 1676, was placed in command of 
57 men from Elizabeth City, Warwick and James City counties. 
They were a part of the force used to repress Indian disturbances 
on the frontier. His son, Captain PETER 3 JONES, was in 
1722 a vestryman of Bristol (Va.) Parish and was captain of the 
Prince George County militia. His will was proved March 10, 

1726. He married Mary , and had many children, 

among them, Major PETER 4 JONES, from whom the town 
Petersburg, Va. derives its name. He opened a trading estab- 
lishment there at an early day a few rods west of what is now the 
junction of Sycamore and Old Sts. The location was called 
Peter's Point and was subsequently changed to Petersburg. 
Major PETER 4 JONES was an old friend and fellow traveller 
of Col. William Byrd, of Westover, and in 1733 accompanied the 
latter on a journey to Roanoke, on which occasion the plan of es- 
tablishing Richmond and Petersburg was conceived. He was a 
vestryman of Bristol Parish, captain and then major of the 

Prince George Militia. He married Dorothy . His will 

was proved in Amelia, Dec. 24, 1754. (W. & M. Q., XIX:289; 
Va. Mag. of Hist. & Biog., VI:86). 

( 78 ) 



JOHN 5 JONES, Gentleman, (RICHARD 1 , PETER 2 ; 
PETER 3 , PETER 4 ) lived at "Level Grove," Brunswick Coun- 
ty, Va. He married, July 22, 1758, Elizabeth Binns, dau. of 
Chas. Binns, whose mother was Elizabeth Ashton and a grand- 
child of Sir Chas. Ashton, of England. There was a tradition 
in his family, regarding his ancestry, that would indicate that he 
was a descendant of Frederick, the elder of the two sons of Capt. 
Roger Jones, a Cavalier, who came to Va., in 1680, with Lord 
Culpeper, and commanded a sloop which was stationed in Ches- 
apeake Bay for the suppression of Piracy, and who, returning to 
London, died there in 1700. The tradition, however, does not 
seem well founded. 

JOHN 5 JONES was a member of the Virginia House of 
Burgesses before the Revolution from Brunswick during the 
years 1772-75. In 1779-80 he was a member of the Virginia 
Senate representing the counties of Brunswick, Lunenburg and 
Mcklenburg, serving as a member of the Committee on Privi- 
leges and Elections. He also served on this same committee at 
the session of 1785. From the Journals of the Virginia Senate. 
1786, under date of Nov. 7th, it appears that "Mr. John Jones 
reminded the Senate of the necessity of proceeding to the election 
of a Speaker, and recommended Archibald Cary, Esq." Nov. 
22, "Resolved, That John Jones, Esquire, be appointed Speaker 
of the House, during the indisposition of Archibald Cary, Esq." 
From the Journals of the Va. Senate, 1787: "Oct. 16th. Nicholas 
Cabell, Esquire, recommened John Jones, Esquire, who on a for- 
mer occasion acted as Speaker, as a person in every respect 
qualified to fill the office again, and was seconded by Chas. 
Lind, Esq., * * * Mr. Jones being duly elected Speaker of the 
House was conducted to the Chair." From the Journal of the 
Va. Senate, 1788: "June 25th. Stephen Thompson Mason, Esq., 
reminded the House of the necessity of proceeding to the choice 
of a Speaker, and recommended John Jones, Esq., who on a 
former occasion with great ability and impartiality discharged 
the duties of this important office, and was seconded by Nicholas 
Cabell, Esq. Whereupon it was unanimously resolved that the 
said John Jones, Esq., be selected Speaker of the House." 
From the Journal of the Va. Senate, 1789: "Oct. 20. Ordered.. 
( 79 ) 



That writs issue to the Sheriffs of the counties comprising the 
district of Brunswick, Mecklenburg, Lunenburg, and Greenville 
to choose a senator, John Jones, Esq., having accepted the office 
of Clerk of Brunswick." At page 261 of Vol. II of the Calen- 
dar of Virginia State papers appears the following: "Col. John 
Jones to Gov. Nelson, Brunswick County, July 27th, 1781, in- 
forming him of a mesage from Gov. Burke of N. C, desiring 
him to co-operate with the militia of the county in defending the 
fords of the Dan and Stanton Rivers against the enemy. Also 
of orders from Col. Davies to send one fourth of the militia of 
the field at once, adds: "Col. Tarleton passed through our county 
last week on his return to Portsmouth, and disturbed the in- 
habitants greatly." It was on this occasion that Col. Jones, 
who was also known among his neighbors and friends as 'Jack 
Jones,' harassed Tarleton with his militia and Tarleton seeing 
how vigorous and active Col. Jones was in his movements ex- 
claimed: "There is Jack Jones fighting like a hell-cat" and 
attempted to kill him. For many years after this Col. Jones 
was known only by the name of 'Hell Cat Jones.' On page 570 
of the same volume appears the following: "Brunswick County, 
Oct. 30, 1781, Col. Jones most heartily congratulates the Gov- 
ernor on the late glorious victory at York. Under the late orders 
he has kept one fourth of the militia of the county constantly in 
the field but has lately heard that his excellency has since issued 
orders for their discharge, except 75. Not having received any 
instructions since the seige of York, he feels obliged to trouble 
his Excellency for information on the subject whether he is 
to send any more men." 

Col. JOHN 5 JONES' son, JOHN 6 JONES, was b. March 
30, 1764. Although very young when the Revolutionary War 
began he joined Gen. Green's command and was in the Battle 
of King's Mountain, Oct. 7, 1780, the Battle of Cowpens, Jan. 
17, 1781 and Guilford C. H. March 15, 1781. On June 6, 1787 
he was married to Lucy Binns Cargill. She was b. Dec. 18, 
1768 and was the daughter of John Cargill and Lucy Binns his 
wife whom he married Aug. 31, 1766. Her father John Cargill 
was the son of John Cargill and his wife Elizabeth Harrison. 
This Elizabeth Harrison was a daughter of Nathaniel Harrison 
( SO ) 




THOMAS WILLIAMSON JONES, M. D. 
1789-1824 



and Mrs. Mary Young (nee Cary). The said Nathaniel Harri- 
son was the son of Benjamin Harrison. He was Auditor General 
and a Member of the Council and was b. Aug. 8, 1677 dying 
Nov. 30, 1727. Nathaniel Harrison's father, Benjamin Har- 
rison, of "Wakefield," Surry, was b. Sept. 20, 1645 and was a 
Member of the Council from 1699 and he died Jan. 30, 1712-3. 
(References: Keith's Ancestry of Benj. Harrison; Campbell's 
History of Va.) Lucy Binns was a sister of Elizth. Binns who 
married Col. JOHN 5 JONES. 

Dr. THOMAS 7 WILLIAMSON JONES, b. June 25, 1789 ; 
was the son of Capt. JOHN 6 JONES and his wife Lucy Binns 
Cargill. The Rev. John Cargill, of the Church of England was 
b. in Scotland but came to Va. in 1708, where he took charge of 
Southward Parish, Surry which he held until his death in 1732. 
His will proved in Surry, April 19, 1732 names his son John 
Cargill. The latter was a member of the House of Burgesses in 
1742, and died not long before April 17, 1744, when his wife 
administered upon his estate. (Surry Records) His wife was 
Elizabeth Harrison, who, in her will proved in Surry, May 15, 
1753, names her daughters Lucy and Elizabeth, and appoints 
her brothers, Nathaniel and Benjamin Harrison executors. 
Though she does not name her son, John Cargill, the third, she 
certainly left a son of that name, for the will of Nicholas Mas- 
senberg, who married her dau. Lucy, appoints Massenberg's 
wife, Lucy and his brother-in-law John Cargill, executors. John 
Cargill, the third, lived at "IN VERM AY," Sussex County., 
and died Dec. 2, 1777 and in his will proved in Sussex, Dec. 18, 
1777, names his third wife Anne, his daughter, Lucy Binns 
Cargill and others. By his second marriage with Lucy Binns, 
whom he married Aug. 31, 1766, he had a daughter Lucy Binns 
Cargill, b. Dec. 18, 1768. 

Dr. THOS. 7 W. JONES, though quite a young man, had al- 
ready risen to eminence in his profession at the time he was killed 
near Mt. Pleasant Grove Church by being thrown from what in 
those days was called a 'gig.' His horse ran away and in the 
mad flight brought the vehicle in contact with a stump on one 
side of the road, which threw the occupant violently against one 

( 81 ) 



on the opposite side, causing injuries which resulted in his death. 
on July 21 , 1824. Dr. Jones' younger brother, Rev. John C. 
Jones, was the father of the late Richard Channing Jones, of 
Camdem, Wilcox Co., Ala. R. C. Jones was a gallant Confede- 
rate soldier, an eminent lawyer, a useful citizen, and was for 
seven years President of the University of Alabama. Another 
son of Rev. J. C. Jones, Virginius, was a gallant Confederate 
soldier who met his death at the Battle of the Wilderness. An- 
other son was Dr. J. Paul Jones who rose to great eminence in 
his profession and was one of the most esteemed citizens of Wil- 
cox Co., Ala. 

On Feb. 17, 1814, Dr. THOMAS 7 W. JONES was married 
to Mary Armistead Goode, (b. Feb. 17, 1795) dau. of Col. 
Samuel Goode, who was b. at WHITBY, Chesterfield Co., Va., 
March 21, 1756. Col. Goode was a Lieutenant in the 
Chesterfield Troop of Horse during the Revolution and later a 
colonel of Va. militia. He was also a member of the Va. House 
of Burgesses, 1779-83 and served in the 6th U. S. Congress. 
(Mar. 4, 1799, March 3, 1801) which held its sessions at 
Philadelphia. Col. Goode's father was Robert Goode, (b. July 
19, 1711, d. March 6, 1765) a planter of the old school and a 
man of ample means, whose wife was Mary Turpin (b. Sept. 
6, 1720. d. Oct. 29, 1770). The parents of Col. Samuel Goode's 
father were Robt. Goode (s. of Jno. and Martha Mackarness 
Goode) of WHITBY, who married in 1710, Elizabeth Curd, 
(d. Nov. 30, 1766). John Goode, great grand-father of Col. 
Samuel Goode, was a son of Richard Goode and was born at 
WHITBY, or Whitley, in the north of Cornwall, 1620-30. He 
came to Virginia prior to 1660 and settled on the colonial frontier 
four miles from Richmond, calling his home WHITBY and here 
he died in 1709. He has been described as "an old fox-hunting 
English esquire" and the story has been handed down that he 
was a Cavalier, whose loyalty to King Charles caused him to be 
driven from home a political exile. 

On October 5, 1786, Col. Goode (father of the wife of Dr. 

Thos. W. Jones) married Mary Armistead Burwell, who died 

March 20, 1829. She was the daughter of Col. Lewis Burwell, 

of STONELAND, who was a son of Col. Armistead Burwell 

( 82 ) 



and Christian Blair his wife. The said Christian Blair was the 
daughter of John Blair and Mary Monro his wife. Col. Armi- 
stead Burwell was the son of Lewis Burwell and Armi- 
stead, his wife. The said Lewis Burwell was the son of 
Lewis Burwell, of Carter's Creek, Gloucester, and 'King's 
Creek,' York. He was appointed to the Council in 1702 and died 
Dec. 19, 1710. He married secondly Martha Lear, dau. of Col. 
John Lear, of the Devonshire family of the name. As Capt. 
John Lear he was a Member of the Council in 1683 and died 
June 27, 1696. (See Colonial Virginia Register) John Blair, 
father of Christian Blair, was b. in Williamsburg, Va., in 1689 
and died there Nov. 5, 1771. He was a member of the House 
of Burgesses as early as 1736, and was president of the Council. 
By virtue of his office he was acting Governor of Va. in 1757, 
1758, and 1768. He was a nephew of old Comissary Blair, whom 
he succeeded in the Council. Gov. Blair married Mary Monro. 
(See Campbell's History of Va. pp. 553-4 and D. Appleton's 
American Biographies.) Col. Lewis Burwell, of STONE- 
LAND, was b. Sept. 26, 1745. He commanded a regiment dur- 
ing the Revolution and for fourteen years was a member of the 
Virginia Legislature. On March 24, 1768, he married Ann 
Spottswood. Col. Burwell died July 2, 1800 and is buried 
four miles from Chase City, Va. The large STONELAND man- 
sion was destroyed by fire shortly afterwards and Henry Harri- 
son Burwell, Col. Burwell's son by his second wife, and his wife, 
a bride of a few weeks whom he was trying to save both perished 
in the flames. Anne Spotswood, wife of Col. Burwell, was the 
dau. of John Spotswood and Mary Dandrige his wife. Mary 
Dandridge was a dau. of Capt. William Dandrige and Unity 
West his wife. The said Unity West was a daughter of Na- 
thaniel West, who was a son of Unity Croshaw and husband, 
John West. This John West was the son of John West and 
Anne Knolleys. John West, bro. of Thos. West, 3rd Lord Dela- 
ware, was b. in Hampshire, Eng. Dec. 14, 1590. He was a 
Member of the Council from 1630 until his death about 1659 
and was Governor of Virginia in 1735-37. He married Anne 
Knolleys and had one son, Col. John West, of WEST POINT, 
King William County, Va., who married Unity Croshaw. (See 
( 83 ) 



William & Mary Quarterly, Vol. Ill, p. 66 and papers accepted 
by the Va. Soc. Colonial Dames of America.) John Spotswood 
was the son of Governor Alexander Spotswood, of Virginia and 
his wife Anne Butler Bryan (pronounced Brain), who was a 
daughter of Richard Bryan, Esq., of Westminster. She was 
an English Lady, whose Christian name was taken from James 
Butler, Duke of Ormond, her god-father. Gov. Spotswood was 
b. in 1676 at Tangier, then an English colony in Africa and his 
father, Robert Spotswood was physician to the Governor. Gov. 
Alexr. Spotwood's son John, married in 1745 Mary Dandridge. 
dau. of Wm. Dandridge of the British Navy, and their daughter 
Anne Spotswood married Col. Lewis Burwell, of STONE LAND, 
Mecklenburg Co., Va. (See Hist, of Colony and Ancient Do- 
minion of Va. by Chas. Campbell, pp. 378-9; 407-408 and 
Goode's Va. Cousins 62-3, 121-2). 

Mrs. Thos. W. Jones was generally known as Mrs. "Polly 
Jones." She was a woman of strong character, great self-re- 
liance and of a very high order of intelligence. The untimely 
death of her husband left her with four small children to care 
for. She devoted herself to teaching and became one of the 
most loved and prominent female educators of Va., being emi- 
nently successful in her work and earning a small fortune by her 
labors. She died May 22, 1871 at the home of her son-in-law 
Dr. Geo. Mason who married Lucy B. Jones, and lived at 
HOMESTEAD, Greenville Co., Va. 

Dr. THOS. 7 WILLIAMSON JONES' eldest son SAMUEL 8 
GOODE JONES was b. Sept. 20, 1815 at INVERMAY, the 
residence of his great grandfather Col. Samuel Goode in Meck- 
lenburg County, Va. The following extracts from a letter of 
Samuel G. Jones, under date of May 4, 1885, a year before his 
death to his eldest son THOMAS 9 GOODE JONES gives a 
good account of the former's early life. After stating in the 
letter that he (Samuel 8 ) was educated at Old Ebenezer Academy 
in Brunswick Co., the letter says: 

"Mr. Dwight (principal of Ebenezer Academy) induced sev- 
eral of his pupils to return North with him, myself amongst the 
rest. We completed our preparation for entering college at old 

( 84 ) 



Hadley, Mass., beautifully situated in the bend of the Connecti- 
cut River and nearly midway between Northampton and Am- 
herst where Amherst College was situated. The prevailing sen- 
timent of Hadley was strongly in favor of Amherst College, 
only a few miles distant, but the love of alma mater on the part 
of Mr. Dwight, our former teacher, directed our steps to Williams 
College where I entered the freshman class in 1833 and gradu- 
ated with one of the honors of my class in 1837. I mention en 
passant that while in Hadley I went to the same school with 
Joe Hooker, who, soon after entered the West Point Military 
Academy and was known during the late unpleasantness as 
'fighting Joe Hooker.' After leaving college I went to Newark, 
Delaware, to complete my preparations for entering on the active 
duties of my chosen profession — civil engineering— under the 
instructions of Gen. Wm. N. Pendleton, then the professor of 
Mathematics in Newark College, Delaware, Major Walter 
Gwyn, then one of the very few prominent civil engineers in the 
country having promised me that if I would take a prescribed 
course in college and finish with Gen. Pendleton he would give 
me a position in his corps. 

"I fulfilled all the conditions on my part, but when I was 
ready for work Mr. Gwyn did not have it in his power to offer 
me a situation and I got on my horse and rode over to North 
Carolina where Charles Fenton Mercer Garnett was filling the 
position of chief engineer on the Raleigh & Gaston R. R. and I 
applied to him for a place on his railroad but there was no 
vacancy and I returned home somewhat discouraged, but within 
a few days I was off to Richmond on horseback in prosecution 
of my determination to find work. 

"On my way down I met Hon. R. K. Mead, who, on learning 
the object of my trip desired me to remain in Richmond until he 
returned, he was then a member of the Va. State Senate, and 
said he thought he could secure me a position on the James 
River & Kanawha Canal through his influence with Mr. Jos. 
Cabbell, then president of the Canal Co. I took his advice and 
upon his return secured a place on the canal which was then 
in operation a short distance above Richmond and in course of 
construction between and Lynchburg. I was stationed 

( 85 ) 



in Nelson Co., Va., and amongst my first responsibilities was the 
superintendence under the direction of Jos. Byers, Asst. Engi- 
neer, of the construction of a dam across the James River at the 
mouth of the Tye River. I had familiarized myself with the re- 
quirements of the contract and insisted that they should be 
carried out, but on account of my youth (that sounds strange 
now to one in his seventieth year) and inexperience, the contrac- 
tors were loath to obey my directions, and feeling that a great 
deal depended upon the faithful execution of the work and un- 
willing to be made a cypher of, I complained to Mr. Chas. 
Ellitt, Chief Engineer, who, in reply to their plea of my youth 
and inexperience, said he liked my experience very much and in 
evidence of his appreciation of my services he recommended me 
at once to the Board of Directors for promotion. His recom- 
mendation was acted on favorably and my promotion, the second 
earliest that had been made in the large corps of fifty men, 
ordered. The date of my entry into the service of the Canal 
Co. was March, 1838. I remained with them until September, 
1839 and then, on invitation of my hereditary friend, L. N. 
Whittle, at whose house you were born in November, 1844, I 
came South and accepted the position of Asst. Engineer on the 
Monroe Railroad, now known as the Macon & Western R. R., 
connecting Macon and Atlanta. The road was then in operation 
to Forsyth, 24 miles above Macon, and I was engaged on the 
extension between Forsyth and Atlanta, then called Marthas- 
ville. My first division was near Griffin, Ga., but I was subse- 
quently moved to the upper end of the road and stationed at 
White Hall, now a suburb of Atlanta. 

"Very soon after I came to Georgia, the Monroe Railroad & 
Banking Co. became very seriously embarrassed and coming 
from Virginia where I had never heard of a bank failure and full 
of zeal in sustaining the bank in its troubles, I put my little 
patrimony into the Bank and lost three-fourths of it, for the 
paper of the Bank was worth only 25 cents, on the dollar when 
I was able to withdraw my deposit. My effort to aid the Bank 
was about as sensible and futile as placing one's finger or big 
toe under the drivers of a locomotive for the purpose of stopping 
its progress. I was at that time, you see, buying knowledge at 

( 86 ) 



a high price. Our Chief Engineer Mr. Daniel Griffin having 
resigned and recommended me as his successor I was. in 1841, 
chosen Chief Engineer and although my salary was small I 
thought it, and the position I held, justified me in taking a wife, 
and I was married Nov. 8, 1842 to your mother at the Hot 
Springs, Va., our engagement having lasted over three years. 
I returned home at once only stopping long enough in lower 
Virginia to show my wife, of whom I was justly proud and 
whose superior I have never met, to my relatives and friends 
there. 

"We settled first in Griffin, Ga., where David Clopton, Robert 
Lanier and myself, all newly married, lived together. We sub- 
sequently bought a double log cabin in Griffin, one end of which 
we used as our chamber, the other as a kitchen and the space 
was enclosed and made into a dining room. I daubed the outside 
with my own hands, and your mother's good taste arranged the 
interior so neatly and comfortable that to this day I have never 
had a home more to my satisfaction. While living at Griffin 
I put on a stage line between that place and Franklin, Ala., to 
connect the Central & Monroe R. R. with the Montgomery and 
West Point, now the Western Railroad of Alabama. It was a 
losing venture and in order to settle the loss I had to sell my 
little home in Griffin. Collecting the money I placed it in the 
hands of a road agent named Bramin, who, instead of applying 
it to the payment of my debts, decamped with my money to parts 
unknown, and I have never, from that day to this, heard any- 
thing of him. I was consequently obliged to part with my stage 
line, the Central R. R. & Banking Co. generously dividing the 
loss with me, on the ground that the line was started chiefly in 
their interests and they felt unwilling that the whole loss should 
fall on me. My own road, the Monroe R. R., now the Macon 
& Western, would have paid her proportion, but the company 
was then insolvent and unable to pay me the amount due for 
services as engineer. 

"It was about these times that you were born at the house of 
our special friend, L. N. Whittle and wife, in Vineville, Ga., a 
suburb of Macon, Ga. Our families had been friends in Vir- 
ginia and our friendship had strengthened with increasing years. 

( 87 ) 



The kind and considerate attention showed by Mrs. Whittle sup- 
plied the place of those usually shown by tender mothers to 
daughters under the trying circumstances of a first confinement 
and I shall ever remember with sentiments of the liveliest grati- 
tude the delicate kindness of the Whittles and need not, I 
know, enjoin on you payment in any manner in which you can 
this debt of gratitude. Your own generous heart would prompt 
the act. When you were able to bear the trip we moved to a 
little place on the railroad then called Leekville, about half way 
between Griffin and Atlanta, but now Jonesboro, the name hav- 
ing been changed as a compliment to myself. (Knight's "Ga. 
Landmarks, Memorials and Legends" 1:450). At that time I 
was engaged in rebuilding the road between Macon and Atlanta, 
the old Monroe R. R. having been sold out under a decree of the 
courts, and when it was completed to Atlanta I moved there on 
the promise of being made agent and the prospect of being able 
to settle down with my little family. Capt. Dan. Tyler, then 
president of the railroad, forgot his promise and gave the agency 
at Atlanta to someone else and I, soon after, was engaged as 
Principal Asst. Engineer of Mr. Daniel Griffin and engaged in 
making a survey and location of a railroad between Columbus. 
Ga., and Burnsville, a station on the Macon & Western Railroad 
forty miles above Macon — a road that never was, but ought to 
have been built. 

"It was soon after our removal to Atlanta that your sister 
Mary was born, so that my two oldest children are Georgians. 
In the spring of '48 I was employed by Chas. F. M. Garnett, 
then Chief Engineer of the Nashville & Chattanooga R. R. as 
assistant engineer. I went to Tennessee in May, conducting a 
survey from Nashville to Shelbyville and from Shelbyville back 
to Murfreesboro and locating the main line of the N. & C. from 
the Barren Fork of the Duck to the foot of the Cumberland 
mountains. It was while engaged in this location that I was in- 
vited back to Georgia, by Major Jack Howard, of Columbus, 
Ga., who had suceeded Jno. G. Winter as President of the 
Muscogee Railroad. As the salary offered me was larger by 
$800.00 than I was receiving in Tennessee and the position 
higher, I accepted Major Howard's offer and returned to Geor- 

( 88 ) 



gia, assuming the duties of chief engineer of the Muscogee in the 
fall of 1848. I left Tennessee reluctantly. The climate, soil 
and people all delighted me and I had resolved to make Mur- 
freesboro my permanent home when I was induced, for the rea- 
sons above given, to return to Georgia, making Columbus head- 
quarters. Your mother, who spent the summer of 1848 at the 
Hot Springs, joined me late in the fall. We spent the winter in 
Columbus, but in the Spring of 1849 removed to Summerville, 
situated on the sand hills on the Alabama side of the river three 
or four miles above the city, the move being made on account 
of the health of your sister, with whom the damp atmosphere 
of the falls disagreed. In the Spring of 1849 I was offered the 
position of Engineer on the Montgomery and West Point R. R. 
by Col. Pollard, then president, but Major Howard declining 
to give me up, a compromise was made and it was arranged that 
my time should be divided between the Muscogee and the 
Mtgy. & W. P. which was then done to Opelika. The next year 
Mr. Pollard said he would prefer giving me an increased salary 
and having my whole time, and as the Muscogee was well under 
way, I consented to go to Montgomery and moved there with 
my family in April 1850." 

SAMUEL 8 GOODE JONES' wife, who was also his first 
cousin, was the eldest daughter of Dr. Thomas Goode, of Hot 
Springs, Bath Co., Va., and was named Martha Ward Goode. 
Dr. Goode was b. 1780-90 and died in 1858. On January 31, 
1816 he married Mary Ann Knox. Martha W. Goode, who was 
b. Jan. 17, 1821, was of the ninth generation from Pocahontas — 
the line being as follows: 

I. Pocahontas, daughter of the mighty Powhatan (d. 1618), 
married Master John Rolfe, in the Church at Jamestown in 
April, 1613, and died at Gravesend, Eng., March 21, 1616, leav- 
ing an only son 

II. Thomas Rolfe, b. 1615, who as Lieut. Rolfe commanded 
Ft. James on the Chicahominey. He married Jane Poythress 
(Poyers) and left an only daughter 

III. Jane Rolfe, b. 1655-6 d. 1676. She married in 1675 
Colonel Robert Boiling, b. Dec. 20, 1646, d. July 17, 1709. He 
was a vestry-man of old Blandford Church and his home was 

( 89 ) 



called 'Kippax' or Farmingdale. He was a son of John and 
Mary Boiling of the Boilings of 'Boiling Hall/ near Bradford, 
Yorkshire, Eng. Their only son 

IV. Major John Boiling, b. Jan. 27, 1676 married Mary 
Kennon and died Apl. 20, 1729. Their sixth child and daughter 

V. Ann Boiling, b. 1718 married in 1746 James Murray, a 
native of Scotland and a church-warden and vestrj'man of Bris- 
tol (Va.) Parish. Their daughter 

VI. Mary Murray, b. Feb. 22, 1754; d. 1823, married (first) 
Alexander Gordon, of Petersburg, Va., and a native of Scotland. 
Their daughter 

VII. Peggy Gordon married (first) William Knox, of Phila- 
delphia, who d. in 1809 at Petersburg and their daughter 

VIII. Mary Ann Knox, wife of Dr. Thos. Goode, was the 
mother of Martha Ward Goode, wife of Samuel Goode Jones. 

"Mrs. Martha Ward Jones was exceeding beautiful in person, 
and of strong, but nicely balanced and judiciously educated in- 
tellectual faculties; she was also endowed with such loving and 
lovely affections and qualities of heart, that up to the hour when 
she left her father's house as a married woman, she had been 
from a child a source of joy and happiness unalloyed by a single 
wilful act of disobedience or the development of a single un- 
lovely characteristic. Sensitively shrinking from observation and 
notoriety and indiscriminate social intercouse, she sought and 
had, comparatively, few intimate friends; but to those few, of 
like refinement and congenial tastes, she revealed, in every re- 
lation of life, an harmonious assemblage and combination of 
natural attractions and Christian graces, which was as beautiful 
as it is rare, and they will remember her as a model of all that 
constitutes female loveliness." (Church Intelligencer.) 

Mrs. Jones was a mother of eight children, and those sur- 
viving early childhood are: (a) Thomas Goode; q. v. (b) Mary 
Virginia, born at Atlanta, Ga., Apl. 6, 1847; married William 
Gesner, a skilled chemist and geologist who died at Birmingham, 
Ala., in 1887; (c) Lucy Spottswood, b. at Montgomery, Aug. 3, 
1851; married Francis Henry Armstrong, Nov. 24, 1869. She 
died at Sewanee, Feb. 4, 1879, leaving issue: (i) Samuel J. 
Armstrong, b. Oct. 18, 1870 who married Mattie Register of 

( 90 ) 




MARTHA WARD (GOODE) JONES 



Tenn. They have two children Francis Henry and Mabel; (ii) 
Martha Ward Armstrong, b. Jan. 16, 1872, unmarried; (iii) 
Mary Coleman Armstrong, b. Oct. 19, 1874; married Robert 
Ewing, of Birmingham, Ala., and has one son Robt. Ewing, Jr.; 
(iv) Aurora Elmore Armstrong, b. Jan. 24, 1878, unmarried; 
(d) Edwin Francis, q. v.; (e) Carter, born at Montgomery, 
March 19, 1855, m. Louellen Calloway on Nov. 18, 1905. No 
issue, (f) Charles Pollard, q. v. 

Samuel G. Jones first lived (in Montgomery) on the SE cor- 
ner of Columbus and Lawrence Sts., but in 1852 he moved to the 
home on the corner of Perry and Columbus Sts. and here he 
lived until his removal in 1867 to Yongesboro, Lee County, Ala. 
In 1877 he removed to Sewanee, Tenn. for the two-fold pur- 
pose of educating the children of his second marriage and on 
account of his impaired health to obtain the benefit of the salu- 
brious mountain climate. 

Mr. Jones was one of the pioneer railroad builders of the 
South and a civil engineer of distinguished attainments. He 
surveyed the Nashville & Chattanooga R. R. in Tennessee; the 
Montgomery & West Point R. R., becoming its superintendent 
later; the Savannah & Memphis R. R., of which he became pres- 
ident in 1867. In 1856 he was chief engineer of the Alabama 
& Florida and was also chief engineer of the Western Railroad 
from Montgomery to Selma. While President of the S. & M. 
railroad he resigned because he declined to swear, as the directors 
of the road desired to conform to the State Aid Laws, that the 
first twenty miles of the road had been built from its own re- 
sources and not with funds derived from the sale of bonds of 
the road. Later he became connected with this road again as 
chief engineer, but when pressed by the directors not to give the 
exact facts known to him in an investigation then pending he 
again resigned, altho the salary, his fortune having been shat- 
tered by the War, was a matter of great moment to him. 

"Suffice it to say he never brought 
His conscience to the public mart. 
But lived himself the truth he taught, 
White-souled, clean-handed, pure of heart." 

( 91 ) 



For many years railroad connection with the Gulf and Mobile 
and the opening up of the vast country south of Montgomery 
with the "wealth of a kingdom locked in its virgin fastnesses" 
was a topic of interest, but the first steps in that direction of a 
practical nature were not taken until 1853. The big brain and 
quick perception of Samuel G. Jones saw the stupendous pos- 
sibilities of the opportunity and with marvellous energy he trav- 
elled over a great section of the country talking railroads and 
development until finally he imbued with some of his own en- 
thusiasm men with sufficient capital to make the railroad of his 
dreams a reality. A meeting of the stock-holders of the new 
road — The Alabama & Florida — was held and Mr. Jones was 
elected Chief Engineer. In the early part of 1858 the work of 
construction began and before the end of 1862 Mr. Jones had his 
road through to a connection with Pensacola, one hundred and 
twenty miles from Montgomery. This road proved a veritable 
Godsend to the Confederate forces operating in that section of 
the country and was especially helpful to the Confederate navy 
yard at Pensacola in the transportation of supplies. 

About this time Mr. Jones became interested in a projected 
road to tap the rich section of country lying between Montgom- 
ery and Selma. He also made a success of this road and before 
1866 the road was completed to Selma. The great wealth which 
later poured in upon the merchants of Montgomery all sprang 
from the little roads started by Col. Chas. T. Pollard in 1854 
and Mr. Jones in 1857. Among the many eminent railroad men 
who began their careers under Mr. Jones may be mentioned the 
late Samuel Spencer, President of the Southern Railroad. 

Samuel G. Jones was one of the poineers in the industrial de- 
velopment of central Alabama. He was the chief organizer of 
the Chewalca Lime Works, one of the incorporators of the Mont- 
gomery & Talladega Sulphur Mines which were opened just 
before the Civil War and which the Confederate Government 
afterwards utilized in the manufacture of sulphur and he was 
largely interested in the Muscogee Lumber Co. 

Mr. Jones was deeply religious by birth and inclination and 
was a devoted and genuinely consistent member of the Episcopal 
Church, giving lavishly of his time and means towards its sup- 

( 92 ) 



port. The first church service held by the Episcopalians of 
Atlanta was held in his home and was the beginning of the pre- 
sent St. Luke's Parish. The Rev. W. C. Whittaker, in his His- 
tory of the Protestant Episcopal Church in Alabama, 1763-1891, 
referring to some of the splendid personalities among the lay- 
men of the Church in Alabama, during the ministrations of 
Bishops Cobbs and Wilmer, says: "Yet six men must be named, 
in passing, to ignore whom were to ignore six of the strongest 
pillars of the Diocese"and thus refers to Mr. Jones: "Samuel G. 
Jones, a foundation stone of Hamner Hall and of the original 
church of the Holy Comforter." He was ardent in his efforts 
to organize and support the University of the South, at Se- 
wanee, Tenn., and was one of the principal laymen who aided in 
establishing it. He was the chief donor of the fourteen acres of 
land and building for Hamner Hall and a liberal contributor 
for Bishop Cobb's Home for Orphan Children. He also gave 
generously to the building of St. John's Church at Montgomery 
and was one of her vestrymen from 1852-62, when he gave the 
church building on Perry Street, opposite the present First 
Baptist Church to the parish of the Holy Comforter, which was 
established to give a parish to his friend Rev. Jackson Scott, 
who had left Pensacola when that place was occupied by the 
Union soldiers. Mr. Jones used to say that, looking backwards, 
his donations to hospitals, churches and schools were the greatest 
savings he ever made, and he was thankful that the War could 
not depreciate or destroy the investment. The petition in the 
litany of the Episcopal Church for the "fatherless children and 
widows and all who are desolate and oppressed" impressed him 
deeply and it was his constant endeavor to make his life and con- 
duct square with this prayer. Sympathetic and tender hearted 
in his nature, the sorrows and distresses of others moved him 
deeply and his purse was ever open to the needy and quick to 
relieve the suffering. He was very modest and retiring in his 
disposition with an humbler estimate of his worth than his merit 
would well warrant. 

In politics he was an old line Whig, becoming a Democrat 
upon the disbandment of the former party. He always voted 

( 93 ) 



and never neglected his civic duties. He represented Lee County 
in the lower house of the Alabama Legislature 1872-4 and was 
greatly respected for his ability, industry and fairness. 

Though not a Secessionist, he thought secession justifiable 
and essential to the honor of his state and he became ardent in 
his support of the Confederate government and gave generously 
of his time and means to the cause. At one time the greater part 
of his residence was converted into a hospital for wounded 
Confederates. 

No man ever dealt more kindly with his slaves. He never sold 
one of his own and oftentimes, at the instance of husbands and 
wives, he would buy slaves to prevent a separation. His slaves 
worshipped him and seemed never more content than when per- 
forming some service for him. On one occasion a slave (Sarah 
Ann) whom he had carried North with him as a nurse, ran away 
and Mr. Jones had to return home without her. Afterwards he 
received a pitiful appeal from her for aid in getting back to 
him and his family. And Mr. Jones sent her the money to re- 
turn. 

Mrs. Jones died at Montgomery on Aug. 2, 1861 and on the 
sixteenth of October, the year following, Mr. Jones married 
Aurora Serena Elmore, dau. of Benjamin T. and Sarah A. 
(Brevard) Elmore. Mrs. Jones' mother was a daughter of 
Joseph Brevard, the celebrated statesman, lawyer, soldier and 
jurist of South Carolina and a brother of Judge Brevard was the 
author of the famous Mecklenburg Declaration. She was a 
woman of beautiful character, esteemed and loved by all for the 
purity and sincerity of her life. Mrs. Jones died at Montgom- 
ery, June 14, 1912, and is buried beside Mr. Jones at Sewanee, 
Tenn. 

Mr. Jones was the father of seven children by his second mar- 
riage, all of whom were boys, the eldest dying in infancy. Those 
still living are: 1. Samuel Goode, b. at Montgomery, Nov. 19. 
1865. He is a major in the United States Army. Married Mrs. 
Lucy Clayton Gilbert, dau. of Gen. Powell Clayton, at Ft. Reno, 
I. T. May 22, 1893. 2. Joseph Brevard, b. at Montgomery, 
Feb. 10, 1867, and graduated at the University of the South, 

( 94 ) 



Sewanee, Tenn. with the degree of Master of Arts in 1888. He 
is a lawyer and for a great number of years has held the respon- 
sible position of Tax Agent for the L. & N. R. R. He is a vestry- 
man of the Church of the Holy Comforter; married on Dec. 10. 
1912, Annie May, dau. of Joseph W. and Annie (Savage) Dim- 
mick. 3. Jackson Scott, b. at Yongesboro, Ala., July 14, 1868. 
4. George Mason, b. at Yongesboro, July 17, 1870. 5. Frank- 
lin Elmore, b. at Yongesboro, July 18, 1872. He resides in 
San Juan, P. R. where he is engaged in stenographic work and 
stock raising. 6. Edward Elmore, b. at Yongesboro, Dec. 18, 
1873. 

While at Sewanee Mr. Jones served four years as Treasurer 
of the University of the South and also engaged in coal mining. 
Later, with Gen. Kirby Smith and others he organized a Summer 
Resort Hotel Co. and was engaged in the management of the 
hotel property at the time of his death. 

Mr. Jones, was a brother of John Ravenscroft Jones, of 
Lawrenceville, Brunswick County, Va., who was b. Aug. 21. 
1818 and married Dec. 11, 1839, Mary J., dau. of Col. William 
& Margaret W. Rice. John R. Jones' maternal grandmother 
was a sister of the first wife of Bishop Ravenscroft. After 
graduating from Williams (Mass.) College he became assistant 
to the principal of Brunswick Academy. Later, abandoning 
teaching, he took up agriculture and was one of the most promi- 
nent figures in the agricultural councils of the State. He was a 
leading citizen of his county, a member of the old court of 
magistrates, superintendent of the poor, and superintendent of 
schools. Mr. Jones was not only a man of great intelligence, 
but of the highest character and most incorruptible integrity. 
He was a man of decided and positive convictions, and at all 
times and on all occasions had the courage to assert and defend 
them regardless of popular clamor. He was a devoted member 
of the Episcopal Church and in all that pertained to its welfare 
he took an active and conspicuous part. 

Mr. Jones was killed in the 83rd year of his age while try- 
ing to subdue an infuriated bull. He has a son, Ravenscroft 
Jones, and many descendants living at Edgerton, Va. Another 
brother was Edwin Burwell Jones, of Nottoway Co., Va., an 
( 9.5 ) 



honored and esteemed physician who later became an Episcopal 
clergyman. 

Friends and neighbors having pressed Samuel G. Jones to be- 
come a candidate for the General Assembly of Tennessee, he 
entered the canvass. During the political campaign which fol- 
lowed he was accused by his opponents, who knew of his great 
wealth in times gone by, of sympathy with the higher classes and 
indifference to the poor and their efforts to help themselves up. 
Refuting this charge, in what proved to be his last address to 
his friends and neighbors, at Winchester, Tenn. on October 4th, 
1886, he narrated his early struggles, his success in middle age, 
and the disasters which came upon him from the War and said: 
"I am in favor of raising the lower classes to a level with the 
higher, by education and kindly sympathy, rather than by 
bringing all to the lower level and while it is true that I favor 
levelling society when I begin I want to level men up — not 
down." This noble sentiment which he ever exemplified in his 
life was the last that passed his lips. A moment later the silver 
chord was loosed — the golden bowl broken: 

"God's finger touched him and he slept." 

His funeral was held from the University Chapel at Sewanee 
and was largely attended by all classes; the rich and the poor, 
the high and the low, and all deeply mourned the passing of 
this splendid Christian gentleman. 

"Again a prince has fallen in the fight — 

The val'rous champion of the truth and right; 

Determined, honest, level-headed, just, 

Who broke no promise nor betrayed a trust! 

His genial face with courtly kindness beamed — 

By friends beloved, by all mankind esteemed. 

Peace to his manly soul and sweetest rest 

With that glad throng whom love of God has blest !" 

THOMAS 9 GOODE JONES, 28th Governor of Alabama, Con- 
federate soldier and United States District Judge, is the oldest 
son of Samuel s Goode and Martha W. Goode Jones and was born 

( 96 ) 



SAMUEL GOODE JONES 



at Vineville (now a suburb of Macon, Ga.) in the house of his 
father's intimate friend, L. N. Whittle, on November 26, 1844. 

In 1850 he removed with his parents to Montgomery, Alabama, 
where he has resided continuously ever since. After a course 
in the private school of Henry Hotz, and Metcher and Mc- 
Whorter and in the school of Dr. Chas. Minor, near Charlottes- 
ville, Va., and Dr. Gesner Harrision's, in the fall of 1860 he 
entered the Virginia Military Institute where "Stonewall" Jack- 
son was then a professor. The Civil War being assured in 1861, 
Gov. Letcher ordered the cadets to Richmond where young 
Jones served as a drill-master of recruits for the Confederate 
Army. He returned to the Institute in January 1862 and was 
given a diploma as an honorary graduate. This same year he 
joined General Jackson's army and took part in the movement 
against Banks. 

At the end of the campaign he enlisted in an organization 
which later became Co. K., Capt. A. C. Felder, 53 Alabama 
Partisan Rangers, Col. M. W. Hannon, and was appointed first 
sergeant. While serving with the 53rd Alabama, Gov. Thos. 
H. Watts, then Attorney General of the Confederacy, brought 
his merits to the attention of Gen. John B. Gordon, enclosing 
with his letter a recommendation which "Stonewall" Jackson, 
who had been young Jones' professor at the V. M. I. had given 
him, and Gen. Gordon on Jan. 2, 1863 appointed him 1st Lieu- 
tenant and A. D. C. Serving on the staff of that officer he 
participated in all the great operations of the Army of Northern 
Virginia after the Battle of Fredricksburg. He was wounded 
at the Battles of Spottsylvania C. H., 2nd Kernstown, Hare's 
Hill and at Thompson's Station where for a time he commanded 
a battalion and though wounded refused to quit the field. 
(Whetstone's History of 53rd Ala. Regt., Montgomery Adver- 
tiser.) He was commended for conspicuous gallantry at the 
battles of Cedar Creek and Bristoe's Station and promoted to 
Major, and at the Battle of Hare's Hill received the personal 
thanks of Robert E. Lee for volunteering to carry orders, in 
the face of a terrible fire from the enemy, for the withdrawal of 
the Confederate forces from Ft. Steadman. The following in- 

( 97 ) 



cident is related of Major Jones by Gen. John B. Gordon in 
his "Reminiscences of the Civil War/' at pp. 112-3: "After the 
battle of Sharpsburg, there was sent to me as an aid on my staff 
a very young soldier, a mere stripling. He was at that awk- 
ward, gawky age through which all boys seem to pass. He bore 
a letter, however, from the Hon. Thos. H. Watts, who was 
the Attorney General of the Confederate States, and who assured 
me that this lad had, in him all the essentials of a true sildier. 
It was not long before I found that Mr. Watts had not mistaken 
the mettle of his young friend, Thomas G. Jones. Late one 
evening, near sunset, I directed Jones to carry a message for 
me to Gen. Lee or to any immediate superior. The route was 
through pine thickets and dim roads or paths not easily followed, 
The Union pickets were posted at certain points in these woods; 
but Jones felt that he could go through safely. Alone on 
horseback he started on his hazardous ride. Darkness overtook 
him before he had emerged from the pine thicket, and he rode 
into a body of Union pickets supposing them to be Confederates. 
There were six men, on that post. They seized the bridle of 
Jones's horse, levelled their rifles at him, and commanded him to 
dismount. As there was no alternative, one can imagine that 
Jones was not slow in obeying the order. His captors were 
evidently new recruits, for they neglected to deprive him of 
the six-shooter at his belt. Jones even then had in him the ora- 
torical power which afterward won for him distinction at the 
bar and helped to make him governor of the great State of 
Alabama. He soon engaged his captors in the liveliest conver- 
sation, telling them anecdotes and deeply enlisting their interest 
in his stories. The night was cold, and before daylight, Jones 
proposed to the 'boys' that they should make a fire as there was 
no reason for shivering in the cold with plenty of pine sticks 
around them. The suggestion was at once accepted, and Jones 
began to gather sticks. The men, unwilling for him to do all 
the work, laid down their guns and began to share in their labor. 
Jones saw his opportunity, and burning with mortification at his 
failure to carry through my message, he leaped to the pile of 
guns, drew his revolver, and said to the men: T can kill every 

( 98 ) 



one of you before you can get to me. Fall into line. I will put 
a bullet through the first man who moves toward me !' He de- 
livered those six prisioners at my headquarters." At page 277 
speaking of the fight at Spottsylvania, Gen. Gordon says: 
"When the daring charge of the North Carolina brigade had tem- 
porarily checked that portion of the Federal forces struck by it, 
and while my brigades in the rear were being placed in position. 
I rode with Thomas G. Jones, the youngest member of my staff, 
into the intervening woods, in order, if possible, to locate Han- 
cock more definitely. Sitting on my horse near the line of the 
North Carolina brigade, I was endeavoring to get a view of the 
Union lines, through the woods and the gradually lifting mists. 
It was impossible, however, to see those lines ; but, as stated, the 
direction from which they sent their bullets soon informed us 
that they were still moving and had already gone beyond our 
right. One of those bullets passed through my coat from side 
to side, just grazing my back. Jones, who was close to me, 
and sitting on his horse in not a very erect posture, anxiously 
inquired: 'General, didn't that ball hit you?' 

" 'No/ I said, 'but suppose my back had been in a bow like 
yours? Don't you see that the bullet would have gone straight 
through my spine? Sit up or you will be killed.' 

"The sudden jerk with which he straightened himself, and the 
duration of the impression made, showed that this ocular dem- 
onstration of the necessity for a soldier to sit upright on his horse 
had been more effective than all the ordinary lessons that could 
have been given. It is but simple justice to say of this im- 
mature boy that even then his courage, his coolness in the pres- 
cence of danger, and his strong moral and mental character- 
istics gave promise of his brilliant future." And at page 352, 
Gen. Gordon says: "Thomas G. Jones, since Governor of Ala- 
bama and now judge of the United States Court, was then (Ce- 
dar Creek, Oct. 1864) an aide on my staff, and sat on his horse 
at my side when Gen. Early announced that we had had 
'glory enough for one day.' Boy soldier as he was then, he felt 
and expressed serious forebodings of the disaster which was to 
follow in the wake of our great victory." In relating the capture 



( 99 ) 



of Fort Steadnian, Gen. Gordon tells the following incident at 
page 412 of his Reminscences : "When the retreat to our works 
had ended, a report reached me that an entire Confederate Regi- 
ment had not received the order to withdraw, and was still stand- 
ing in the Union Breastworks, bravely fighting. It was necessary 
to send them orders or leave them to their fate. I called my 
staff around me, and explained the situation and the extreme 
danger that the officer would encounter in carrying that order. 
I stated to them the pain I experienced in sending one of them 
on so perilous a mission was greater than I could express. Every 
one of them quickly volunteered to go; but Thomas G. Jones, of 
Alabama insisted that as he was the youngest and had no special 
responsibilities, it should fall to his lot to incur the danger. 
I bade him goodbye with earnest prayers that God would pro- 
tect him, and without an apparent tremor he rode away. A 
portion of the trip was through a literal furnace of fire, but he 
passed through it, both going and returning, without a scratch." 
The friendship thus formed between Gen. Gordon and Major 
Jones grew stronger and more affectionate as the years passed by 
and was only severed by the death of the former on Jan. 9, 1904. 
Judge Jones attended the funeral of his former chief and was one 
of those who delivered an address at the Memorial Exercises 
in the Ga. State Capitol on the day of Gen. Gordon's funeral 
and at the Confederate Reunion at Nashville, by appointment 
of Gen. Stephen D. Lee commanding the Confederate Veterans, 
Judge Jones delivered the Memorial address and drafted the 
resolutions which were later adopted by the Veterans. 

Brevet Major-General Joshua L. Chamberlain, in a paper on 
'APPOMATOX' read Oct. 7, 1903, before the Commandery of 
the State of New York, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of 
the United States (G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1907) at page 167 
tells, in the following beautiful language of the arrival of Major 
Jones at his line with a flag of truce on that memorable morn- 
ing in April, 1865: "Suddenly rose to sight another form, close 
in our own front, — a soldierly figure, handsomely dressed and 
mounted, — a Confederate staff-officer undoubtedly, to whom some 
of my advance line seemed to be pointing my position. Now I 

( ioo ) 




THOMAS GOODE JONES 
In 1862 as Lieut, and A. D. C. to Brig. Gen. John B. Gordon 



see the white flag earnestly borne, and its possible purport 
sweeps before my inner vision like a wraith of morning mist. He 
steadily comes on, — the mysterious form in gray, my mood so 
whimsically sensitive that I could even smile at the material 
of the flag, — wondering where in either army was found a 
towel, and one so white. But it bore a mighty message, — that 
simple emblem of homely service, wafted hitherward above the 
dark and crimsoned streams that can never wash themselves 
away. 

"The messenger draws near, dismounts ; with graceful saluta- 
tion and hardly suppressed emotion delievers his message: 'Sir, 
I am from General Gordon. Gen. Lee desires a cessation of 
hostilities until he can hear from General Grant as to the pro- 
posed surrender.' 

"What word is this ! so long so dearly fought for, so feverishly 
dreamed, but ever snatched away, held hidden and aloof; now 
smiting the senses with dizzy flash! 'Surrender' We had no ru- 
mor of this from the messages that had been passing between 
Grant and Lee, for now these two days, behind us. 'Surren- 
der?' It takes a moment to gather one's speech. 'Sir,' I an- 
swer, 'that matter exceeds my authority. I will send to my 
superior. General Lee is right. He can do no more.' All this 
with a forced calmness, covering a tumult of heart and brain. I 
bid him wait awhile, and the message goes up to my corps com- 
mander, General Griffin, leaving me amazed at the boding 
change." 

Major Jones married on Dec. 20, 1866, Georgena Caroline 
Bird, of Montgomery, Ala., dau. of Dr. Marshall Henry and 
Caroline Moore Bird. Mrs. Jones was born at Erie, Greene 
Co., (now Hale) Alabama, on October 9, 1846, and on her ma- 
ternal side is descended from the noted Moore family of South 
Carolina, two of whose members were governors of S. C, and 
another Jas. Moore, great great grandfather of Mrs. Jones was 
a brigadier general in the American Army during the Revolu- 
tion. Mrs. Jones' maternal grandmother, Eliza I. Clitherall 
Moore, was the dau. of Dr. Geo. Campbell Clitherall, Surgeon 
U. S. A. and his wife Caroline Burgwin, only daughter of John 
Burgwin, of Wilmington, N. C, Clerk of the Colonial Assembly 

( 101 ) 



of N. C, opulent merchant and one of the foremost citizens 
of the Province of North Carolina. 

After the War, Major Jones returned to Montgomery and 
entered upon the business of planting (1866-69) which resulted 
disastrously to him. During his leisure moments when the army 
was in winter quarters and while planting he had studied law 
and was one of Chief Justice A. J. Walker's class at Montgom- 
ery and on Jan. 9, 1868, he was admitted to the bar and in April 
of that year formed a partnership with Hal. T. Walker. From 
June to November, 1868, he was editor of the Daily Picayune, 
severing his connection with it when his editorial duties began 
to conflict with his growing law practise. 

"The first meeting to organize the Democracy of Alabama," 
says Gen. Jas. T. Holtzclaw, "in opposition to the reconstruction 
acts was held in the office of Stone, Clopton & Clanton in 1867. 
A county committee of ten was selected, and Thomas G. Jones 
was one of that committee and throughout the trying times that 
followed for the next seven years, he was always ready to fight 
or work, speak or write for the Democracy. When the fight 
was practically over, and our party thoroughly organized and 
victorious, he retired with LeGrand and others to let the county 
have representation since the original committee was entirely 
from the city beats." Thos. G. Jones took a prominent part in 
the events of those exciting days and one occasion, during an 
election, when the City of Montgomery had been fired in sev- 
eral places and it seemed that bloodshed and riot would follow, 
the Republican sheriff of Montgomery County turned the su- 
pervision of the election and the preservation of order over to 
the Democrats and Major Jones was made chief deputy sheriff. 
Order was promptly restored and the election passed off quietly. 

In 1870, the Republican judges of the Supreme Court of Ala- 
bama, desiring to smooth the intercourse between the bench and 
the bar, and to make a graceful offering to the Democratic bar, 
upon its recommendation and nomination appointed Major 
Jones Reporter of their decisions. In March of that year he 
began his duties and while serving reported sixteen volumes of 
decisions. When the Democratic judges returned to the bench 
in 1875, though there were many applicants for the position of 

( 102 ) 



Reporter, Major Jones was retained. Some of the extremists 
of his party desired his removal because he had accepted the po- 
sition — a non-partisan one — under the Republican judges. He 
remained in the office for ten years, when, to the regret of bench 
and bar, he resigned to devote his whole time to his profession 
in which he had achieved great success. 

Major Jones achieved a national reputation as an orator by 
his Memorial Address delivered at Oakwood Cemetery, Mont- 
gomery, on Confederate Memorial Day, April 26, 1874. This 
address was delivered in the presence of a purely Southern au- 
dience and with no expectation of its ever reaching Northern 
ears. The speech was full of dignity, and firm in the vindica- 
tion of the Southern cause, and was a profound appeal to the 
better intelligence of the country. One paragraph of that 
speech was copied in nearly every paper in the United States, 
and coming from the Cradle of the Confederacy, did much to 
check the tide of vindictiveness which was then rampant in many 
sections of the country. The paragraph was as follows: "And 
while we ponder thus, the mind carries us northward where the 
tombs — not of our dead, are whiter than the sands of the sea, 
and more numerous than the stars in the heavens. In them lie 
men of the same race as ourselves — who spoke the same lan- 
guage and worshipped the same God. Fond mothers sent them 
to battle, and tender tears and agonizing prayers watched their 
pathway. They followed a flag that was as dear to them as 
was to us the star-crossed banner that has long since taken its 
flight to greet the warrior's soul, and he that worthily speaks 
for the dead or the living, must say, that no feeling of hate to 
the Northern dead or those who mourn them, pervades this 
Memorial day. 'One touch of pity makes the world kin.' From 
scenes like this, where the warring sections mourn their dead, 
let the statesman draw inspiration to guide the living." 

This oration was commented upon in all parts of the United 
States, by the press and individuals. A few years after, the 
Union Veterans assembled at Marietta, O., presented Major 
Jones with a handsome gold medal as a token of their apprecia- 
tion of his manly words. In accepting the present he declared 
that it had little personal significance "and although the sol- 

( 103 ) 



dier's hand has tendered me this beautiful gift, that hand is 
reached out to Alabama; this generous greeting is not to me — 
it is the voice of Ohio speaking to Alabama." Major Jones was 
also the recipient of another gift. A grief-stricken widow of the 
North, describing herself as "A Northern Woman, Widowed and 
Bereft of Her Sons by the War," sent him out of the little she 
had, a handsomely engraved silver cup "as a token of her ap- 
preciation of the Soldierly Words spoken in Kindness of the 
Northern Dead." In acknowledging its receipt by a letter to 
the jewelers who sent the cup, Major Jones wrote: "The valued 
testimonial ('from a lady who does not desire her name men- 
tioned') sent by you through the Ladies' Memorial Association 
of this city, has been received. 

"The words to which the lady so kindly alludes, it is true, 
were uttered by my lips on Memorial Day, but the thought welled 
up spontaneously from every true heart which that day mourn- 
ed the warriors who wore the gray. I gratefully accept the 
beautiful gift as a tribute to the sentiment, rather than any mere 
compliment to myself. 

"No holier plea for peace and reconciliation could rise to 
heaven or touch the hearts of men than the sight of a mother 
'widowed and bereft of her sons' sweetly communing in the sor- 
rows of those who were foes to her dead. Nor could there be 
more delicate and tender token of sympathy than where the 
heart-prompting Christian consolation hides the gentle hand 
which tenders it. 

"The reflection that my words, mere echoes of every honest 
Southern soldier's feelings, should have fallen like a balm on 
the wounded spirit of a Northern mother, bereaved by our 
arms, has filled me with a sense of intense gratification — a grat- 
ification which could not be heightened by any honors I could 
win. 

"God permitted the storm to lash about us, and none of either 
section who followed cherished convictions into battle can re- 
gret it; but we may do much to assuage the bitterness of the 
past. Nothing would give more joy to the soldiers of the South 
than to heal all the wounds of that unhappy struggle." 

In 1875, Major Jones represented the Fourth Ward in the 

( 104 ) 



City Council of Montgomery, being one of the leaders selected 
for the task of redeeming Montgomery from the rule of the 
"carpet baggers and reconstructionists." "The city was in 
debt, without credit, and staggering under many difficulties and 
the successful conduct of its government presented most of the 
problems arising in the larger affairs of the State. He took a 
laborious and prominent part in shaping and executing the vari- 
ous policies and measures which finally rescued the city from 
many of its difficulties, and aided in restoring its credit and prop- 
erty. The city is indebted to him for much wise legislation im- 
proving its police, perfecting its quarantine system, equalizing 
and lessening the burdens of taxation and improving its condi- 
tion." (Southern Agriculturist.) 

Col. Jones was twice elected a member of the Legislature, each 
time receiving overwhelming majorities, and on Nov. 10, 1886, 
was unanimously elected Speaker of the House, receiving at the 
close of his term "the profoundest thanks of the House for the 
able and efficient manner in which he has presided over our 
deliberations and for the uniformly courteous and gentlemanly 
bearing extended to each member, and we will carry to our 
homes the kindliest feelings and sentiments of appreciation of 
his manly and dignified conduct." While in the House Col. 
Jones wrote and secured the passage of a riot act which has 
been copied by eleven States and is still in force. He also took 
an active part in securing an appropriation for the erection of 
a monument to the Confederate Dead on Capitol Hill and his 
speech in the House on Feb. 12, 1887, had much to do with the 
passage of the appropriation act. Twenty years later he deliv- 
ered the address at the unveiling of the monument. 

In 1897, during the Yellow Fever Epidemic, when thousands 
of citizens left the city, he remained with his people and was 
elected Chairman of the Citizens' Relief Committee, which was 
organized to assist the needy and the hundreds who were thrown 
out of work and were unable to leave the city. 

In May, 1890, the Democrats of Alabama, in the most excit- 
ing convention held since the war, nominated him for Governor 
of Alabama. There were five candidates for the nomination — 
the strongest being R. F. Kolb, head of the Farmers' Alliance 

( 105 ) 



movement. All of the other candidates were opposed to Kolb 
who at no time had a majority of the votes in the convention, 
although he had a plurality. Under the rules of the conven- 
tion a majority of votes was necessary to a choice and a con- 
ference of the friends of the other aspirants was held to pick 
the man who should make the fight against Kolb and the Alli- 
ance. The personal equation figured largely as did the views 
of the candidates upon the St. Louis and Ocala platforms. Thos. 
G. Jones had been more outspoken upon the stump and each 
candidate preferred Jones' nomination to that of any one but 
himself. The conference decided that Col. Jones was the man 
demanded by the exigencies of the occasion. He had made his 
campaign boldly. He had fought with all his ability and 
strength the innovation that proposed to have the Democratic 
Party controlled by "a secret oath-bound organization," — a 
wheel within a wheel. The conservatives centered upon him and 
he won the fight. Capt. Kolb's name was withdrawn and Col. 
Jones unanimously declared the nominee and was triumphantly 
elected Governor in August, 1890. On Dec. 1, 1890, he took 
the oath of office and entered upon the discharge of his duties. 
He was the first Governor of Alabama to send a message to 
the Legislature urging action that would curb the free pass 
evil and he worked hard for the passage of a bill embodying his 
ideas. "It failed — not for lack of his own personal interest, but 
because it was in advance of public sentiment." As Governor 
he succeeded in raising the tax rate in order to meet the public 
debts, combatted the movement in behalf of repudiation, favored 
a reform in prison management and a scheme for the gradual 
removal of the State convicts from mines. He stumped the 
State in opposition to the Sub-Treasury, fiat money, and Land 
Loan Bill. He was firm in the suppression of lawlessness and 
frequently used the military to prevent mobs from lynching 
prisoners — no matter what crime was charged against them, and 
on the other hand, freely used the pardoning power in favor of 
the weak and humble who, in the passions of the times, were 
frequently dealt with harshly for small offenses. In May, 1894, 
he took personal charge of the troops and put down without 
bloodshed the Coal Miner's Strike in the Birmingham District 

( 106 ) 



and later in July of that same year the Debs Strike. Col. Jones 
was re-nominated by the Democrats and re-elected Governor in 
1892 over R. F. Kolb, the populist nominee, and served until 
December, 1894-. 

The following editorial from the Shelby Sentinel is a fair 
specimen of the editorials which appeared in the press of Ala- 
bama upon Gov. Jones' retirement: "No abler hand has ever 
held the helm of State of our proud commonwealth than that of 
Thos. G. Jones. No pilot heretofore has ever been called upon 
to steer our ship of State through stormier waters. No braver 
leader has ever rallied to his bugle call the true sons of Alabama. 
No cooler head, or warmer heart, nor steadier arm has ever bat- 
tled for Alabama's welfare. She has had many noble sons to 
fill her executive chair, but among them all there was none more 
nobler than he. Many gallant sons have illustrated Alabama 
valor, both in the forum and in the field, in peace and war, but 
none ever illustrated it more courageously than he. To his strong 
hand, brave heart, cool judgment, indomitable courage, sterling 
integrity and unflinching patriotism are the people of Alabama 
indebted for the safe conduct of their craft during the last four 
years between the raging waters of Charybdis and the threaten- 
ing rocks of Scylla. Well has he illustrated in his guberna- 
torial course that grand idea of Gen. Lee that duty is not only 
the sublimest word in the language, but the sublimest action of 
which man is capable. * * * He is again plain Tom Jones, but 
he has left an impression on the State that will last while cour- 
age is commended and devotion to duty is honored by the 
Anglo-Saxon race." 

Gov. Jones has always insisted that a well regulated militia 
is essential to the security of a free state, and soon after the 
War aided in organizing a company for home protection which 
was chartered as the "Governor's Guard" and in 1874 Gov. 
Houston appointed him a member of his military staff. In 
1876 he resigned to accept the Captaincy of the Montgomery 
Greys, to which he had been unanimously elected and which was 
one of the most famous military organizations in the South. He 
commanded this company for three years, resigning its captaincy 
in 1880 to accept an unanimous election as Colonel of the 2nd 

( 107 ) 



Regiment, Alabama State Troops, and in 1883 he was re-elected. 
On Oct. 13, 1886, Col. Jones tendered Gov. O'Neal his resig- 
nation. The Governor accepted it, but with the proviso that it 
should not take effect until the close of his term. In accepting 
the resignation Gov. O'Neal said: 

"Your retirement from this position is viewed by me with great 
regret. My reliance upon your faithful and intelligent perform- 
ance of duty has never been in vain. At all times, and more than 
once upon occasions of great difficulty and doubt, occasions call- 
ing for the exercise of the greatest skill and patience, you have 
executed orders and carried out the policies of this administration 
with wisdom, moderation and courage. Your soldierly bearing 
and conduct have imbued the Alabama State Troops with mili- 
tary spirit and ardour. In your resignation the State sustains 
a loss most difficult to supply." 

The following February, acceding to the earnest solicitation 
of officers and men, he again accepted an unanimous election to 
the colonelcy, remaining with the regiment until his nomination 
for Governor. In him the State troops found a hard worker 
and one who sought in every way to increase their efficiency. 
Col. Jones was a firm, but kind disciplinarian, insisting on work 
rather than display. He taught that discipline, guard duty, 
police and care for the comfort and health of the men were the 
objects for which officers should strive. During Col. Jones' 
long service with the State Troops he was invariably sent in com- 
mand of the troops to aid in the enforcement of the law by 
Governors Houston, Cobb, O'Neal and Seay. Gov. O'Neal in 
his published orders after the Posey riot said: "Col. Jones, the 
commanding officer, was charged with a grave responsibility 
and large discretion under circumstances of the greatest dif- 
ficulty, and to his courage, temper, prudence and skill is mainly 
due the repressing of a dangerous revolt against the laws and 
dignity of the State." Gov. Seay, referring to his services dur- 
ing the Hawe's riots, said: "He deserved and received the grati- 
tude of the State." 

Col. Jones' former commander, General John B. Gordon, in 
recommending him to President McKinley for appointment as 
Brigadier General of Volunteers during the Spanish-American 

( 108 ) 






War, wrote that "the State of Alabama could not furnish one 
more worthy of the Government's confidence, nor whose char- 
acteristics, mental and moral, more eminently fit him for the 
high command which is sought for him." 

Gov. Jones has always been a Democrat and loyal and un- 
compromising in support of that party. In 1896, believing that 
the Chicago platform was an assault upon the best institutions 
of his country, he worked and voted for Palmer and Buckner. 
He was president of the State Sound Money Convention and a 
delegate to the Indianapolis Convention. 

Gov. Jones early became a member of the Alabama State Bar 
Association, and at its Mobile meeting in 1881 read a report for 
the Committee on Judicial Administration and Remedial Proce- 
dure, in which report he recommended the appointment of a com- 
mittee to consider the matter of a legal code of ethics, 
and at the meeting in 1882 he was appointed Chair- 
man of the Committee on Code of Ethics. In 1887 ; 
a Code of Ethics of which Gov. Jones was the author, 
was adopted by the Ala. Bar Association. Twenty years after- 
ward, the American Bar Association did him the honor of re- 
questing him to be a member of its committee on Code of Pro- 
fessional Ethics, though he was not then a member of the 
Association. In 1901 he was unanimously elected President of 
the Alabama State Bar Association. The Alabama Code of 
Ethics written by Col. Jones, and the first of its kind in England 
or America, was made the foundations for the canons adopted by 
the American Bar Association. The Alabama Code, with slight 
modifications, has also been adopted in eleven other States of the 
Union. 

In 1901 Gov. Jones was elected a delegate from the 2nd Con- 
gressional District to the Alabama Constitutional Convention 
and was appointed Chairman to the Committee on Executive 
Department. During the Convention he advocated a provision 
giving the Governor power to remove any sheriff who failed to 
do his duty in defending a prisoner against mob violence. Tho 
this did not pass he secured a provision giving the Supreme 
Court power to impeach sheriffs. In advocating his provision, 

( 109 ) 



Gov. Jones said in part: "Let us be frank with ourselves. Every 
time a citizen rises up and appeals for law, some man says a 
negro has committed an unmentionable crime and, therefore, the 
sacredness of all law must be cast to the winds. * * * People in 
Alabama who have not taken the trouble to keep pace with 
events, will be startled to be told that in the last ten years, over 
one hundred citizens in Alabama have been taken by mobs from 
sheriffs and jails and murdered. Yet such is the case. Such 
is our bloody record and yet two-thirds of those people were not 
guilty of a crime which I will not mention because of fair lis- 
teners in the galleries * * * Why is it of all men on earth, who 
are trusted with the keeping of others, that a standard of honor 
must be made for officers of the law different from all others, and 
that he should take no risk? Mr. President, the minister of 
the gospel who would fail to visit the veriest stranger, much less 
one of his own congregation, who is stricken with deadly dis- 
ease, because of personal fear, would be outlawed and scourged 
for all time. We see locomotive engineers every day standing 
by the throttle and risking their lives to save their passengers. 
We have seen captains of ships standing on the bridge, that 
the women and children might be saved, and going down to 
death in the waters. What policeman would be allowed to wear 
his uniform five minutes if he refused to make an arrest at the 
risk of loss of his life? What man would have respect for the 
Alabama State Troops, no matter what the odds, if they allowed 
a mob to take a prisoner from them ? Such a standard as is 
claimed for sheriffs has no recognition in any laws of honor. It 
is a false standard of duty and, if I may be pardoned for saying 
it, a cowardly standard of duty. * * * Let us not deceive our- 
selves. Two-thirds of the executions of prisoners by mobs are due 
to one or two things — either the cowardice of the sheriff, and I 
don't think there have been many cases of cowardice- — or to a 
willingness for the mob to succeed, from the false conviction that 
a sheriff in fighting them is not fighting for the law but for some 
worthless prisoner. In county after county everybody but the 
Grand Jury knows who did the deed. Case after case of this 
sort happened and continue to happen and nobody is ever brought 

( no ) 




THOMAS GOODE JONES 



to the bar of justice. There is no prosecution. No strong voice 
ever condemns it. We owe it to ourselves, we owe it to our 
children we owe it to our God, to put a stop to this base indif- 
ference to murder and making excuses for men who will not 
risk anything for the preservation of human life and the honor 
of the State. * * * If the gentleman asks me if I am unwilling 
to trust the people of the county, I tell him frankly yes, because 
the people of the county never find out who commits these 
crimes. We don't wish the mob and its friends to murder the 
law. Nobody knows who constituted the mob when the author- 
ities investigate. Yet is is known to everybody else but the 
officers of the law and the Grand Jury. * * * Every citizen in 
Alabama is interested. All our civilization is based on the idea 
that no man can "be deprived of life, liberty or property with- 
out due process of law." Without its enforcement there can 
be no civilization — no government worthy of the name. * * * 
As Southern men let us ask ourselves, have we stopped mobs at 
rape? Is not the thirst of mob violence for blood as great in 
many lesser crimes? Are not our courts open? Is justice ad- 
ministered by our judges or juries? How many of these con- 
tinued outbreaks and assaults upon officers and jails been pun- 
ished? We know and the world knows. Does it behoove us 
to pause and consider? To devise some remedy? To strike 
some blow for the sanctity of human life and the honor of our 
State? * * * Mob executions are brutalizing our children, 
blunting our religion, and undermining our civilization. Can 
anyone in the sound of my voice rise up and say that this is not 
so? We are undermining all noble ideals of duty and manhood. 
When we surrender to any local public opinion which dominates 
in some places, that a sheriff is not bound to take any risks, 
even to loss of life or limb in defense of a prisoner, we abdicate 
all our past and bow down and worship false and base standards 
of duty. Why should not the sheriff die at his post as well as the 
locomotive engineer, or the priest, or the doctor, or the soldier? 
We are setting a baleful example to our young sons, who are 
coming up among us, if we teach that when a prisoner is given 
to an officer, that officer is free to desert his post of duty be- 

( HI ) 



cause there may be danger in it. It is not like Alabama or the 
South to tolerate such a cowardly doctrine." 

As a member of the Convention he heartily favored placing 
in the Constitution a self-executing provision against free passes., 
a provision which would itself and without action by the legis- 
lature, prevent the use of free passes by state officials and mem- 
bers of the legislature. This provision was finally embodied in 
the Constitution. He also favored increasing the governor's 
term to four years and favored biennial sessions of the legis- 
lature. He took a prominent part in all the counsels of the 
convention and incorporated in the Constitution several new pro- 
visions, among them, an article for ascertaining the disability of 
the governor while exercising the office and defining what mea- 
sure of use of stimulants or narcotics should constitute an im- 
peachable offense, and also to allow the governor to suggest 
amendments to bills instead of vetoing them from the beginning 
and also to provide for the assembling of the legislature at any 
time when not in session to impeach the governor. 

On October 7, 1901, Gov. Jones was appointed by President 
Theodore Roosevelt to the office of United States District Judge 
for the Northern and Middle Districts of Alabama, which office 
he now holds. Gov. Jones' name was first suggested to Presi- 
dent Roosevelt by Ex-president Grover Cleveland, and when it 
became known that the President was considering his name, 
Senators Morgan and Pettus, Gen. Stewart L. Woodford, ex- 
Minister to Spain, Justice John M. Harlan, Gen. John B. Gor- 
don, and Booker Washington, the great negro educator, heartily 
urged the appointment. Gov. Jones was not an applicant for the 
appointment and did not know that it was contemplated until 
a close personal friend of the President enquired whether he 
would accept the appointment if tendered. This was President 
Roosevelt's first appointment of consequence and was widely 
favorably commented upon both in the United States and in 
England. The appointment met with universal approval and 
the President was showered with congratulatory telegrams from 
all over the State. The Alabama Congressional Delegation, 
leading Republicans, the Governor of Alabama, Ex-Secretary 

( 112 ) 



of Navy, Hilary A. Herbert, the entire bar of the State, State 
judges and officials were delighted with the selection and the 
press of the State and Nation, without exception, praised it. 
The Charleston Post remarked editorially that "President Roose- 
velt has probably interpreted the will of the people as closely 
as if he had submitted the choice to a plebiscite" and the Nor- 
folk Landmark said: "When Roosevelt appointed Judge Jones 
to that federal judgeship in Alabama he showed himself to be 
a real president." 

Judge Jones attracted the attention of the Nation in 1904 
when he charged a United States Grand Jury at Huntsville, 
Alabama, that under the XIII. and XIV. Amendments to the 
Constitution of the United States and the Federal Statutes pass- 
ed in pursuance thereof, the Federal Government had authority 
to punish the lynching of a negro charged with the commission of 
a crime when in custody under the state law and that such a 
lynching itself was a conspiracy, under the provisions of the 
U. S. Statutes, to deprive the prisoner of a right, privilege or 
immunity guaranteed by the Constitution to enjoy due process 
of law. In this view of the law he was sustained by many of 
the ablest lawyers and some of the leading legal magazines of 
the country. No doubt a decision from the Supreme Court up- 
holding the right of the Federal Government to punish lynchers 
of prisoners, in the custody of State officers, would have been 
of incalculable benefit to the country. However, since Judge 
Jones' ruling the Supreme Court has held that the Federal Gov- 
ernment has no power to punish lynchers who defeat the en- 
joyment of due process when the state is endeavoring to 
afford it. 

Judge Jones took a firm stand against peonage and it was due 
to his uncompromising attitude and the infliction of punishment 
upon the intentional violators of the law that this great evil has 
largely been stamped out. Since he has been on the bench Judge 
Jones has written about sixty opinions which are published in the 
volumes of the Federal Reporter subsequent to volume 111. 
Among his most noted opinions are: Ex parte McLeod, 120 
Fed. 130, a contempt case. Senator John M. Thurston, of Neb- 

( H3 ) 



raska, delivering the closing argument in the Impeachment 
Case of Judge Chas. Swayne incorporated the entire opinion in 
his remarks in support of one of his contentions, saying: "I pre- 
sent the opinion of District Judge Jones, a judge whose great 
legal ability and attainments are known to every Senator in this 
body from that whole section of the country. It is the clearest, 
the most exhaustive, the most convincing exposition of the law 
upon this subject that I have ever seen or read." In re Tune, 
a bankruptcy case, 115 Fed. 906; Charge to Grand Jury in 
Peonage Cases, 123 Fed. 671; Citizens L. H. &. Co. vs. Mont- 
gomery L. & W. P. Co., 171 Fed. 553, and his opinions in the 
various rate cases which came before him in 1907 and the years 
following. Judge Jones was presiding in these rate cases when 
the then Governor of Alabama attempted to bring the State into 
a condition of lawlessness and anarchy by counselling disobed- 
ience to the orders of the United States Court and threatening 
to use the military against the court. Only the Judge's firm 
stand and announced purpose to enforce the orders of his court 
regardless of cost or consequence, and the official announce- 
ment of the authorities at Washington that every resource of the 
Government would back the United States Court, saved the 
State from many of the evils of a civil war. 

Thos. G. Jones is a trustee of the Bishop's Fund of the Pro- 
testant Episcopal Diocese of Alabama, a trustee of Hamner 
Hall School and a member of St. John's Episcopal Church and 
Inspector General of the United Confederate Veterans. 

CHARLES 9 POLLARD JONES, youngest son of Samuel 8 
Goode and Martha W. Goode Jones, was b. at Montgomery, 
Alabama, June 13, 1858. He was educated in a private school 
at Hick's Ford, Va., was a student at the Agricultural & Mechan- 
ical College of Alabama and later attended the University of the 
South at Sewanee, Tenn. Upon his return to Montgomery he 
studied law in the office of his brother, Thomas Goode Jones, 
later Governor of Alabama, and was admitted to the bar in 
1881. In 1882 he entered the Law Department of the Louis- 
ville & Nashville Railroad, having charge of their tax matters 
in Alabama and Florida. This position he held until appointed, 

( "* ) 



Dec. 1, 1890, Assistant District Attorney of the L. & N. R. R. 
Co. Col. Jones was a member of the Montgomery Greys, one 
of the most famous military companies in the South and was 
made 1st Lieutenant of the company on Jan. 3, 1883 and became 
Captain March 1, 1888, holding the office until appointed Ad- 
jutant General of the Alabama State Troops, May 6, 1889, 
by Governor Thos. Seay. He was retained in this office by his 
brother, Thos. G. Jones, governor of Alabama, 1890-94, resign- 
ing in January, 1895 on account of pressure of his professional 
matters. Col. Jones was also Division Counsel for the Central 
of Georgia Railway Co., and was a member of the law firm of 
Thos. G. & Chas. P. Jones until the senior member of the firm 
was appointed U. S. Judge by President Roosevelt in 1901. 
On February 10, 1891, Col. Jones was united in marriage to 
Elizabeth M. Murphy of New Orleans and had issue: Laura 
Goode Jones and Chas. Pollard Jones both of whom are now liv- 
ing with their mother at No. 514 S. McDonough St., Mont- 
gomery, Alabama. Col. Jones took an active interest in politics 
and for many years served as Chairman of the Central Council 
of the Montgomery Democracy. He was also a Mason and a 
Knight of Pythias. 

For some time prior to his death Col. Jones and his family had 
been living in the West on account of his health and it was at 
Colorado Springs, Col., that Death found him on the morning of 
November 6th, 1907. His body was brought to Montgomery 
and was met at the Union Station by the Retired Corps of the 
Montgomery Greys who accompanied it as an escort to the resi- 
dence of Judge Thos. G. Jones. The funeral was held from St. 
John's Church, of which Col. Jones had been a member, on 
November 9th, all of the military companies of the city accom- 
panying the body to Oakwood Cemetery where interment was 
made, after which taps were sounded and a volley fired over the 
new made grave. 

The following tribute to the life and services of Col. Jones 
appeared in the editorial column of the Montgomery Journal on 
Nov. 8th. 

"Col. Jones was a typical Southerner, big hearted, generous to 
a fault, brave and courageous and gentle as a woman in his 

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dealings with his fellow man. He was widely known and be- 
cause of his gentleness, his undaunted courage, his sterling in- 
tegrity, his self-sacrificing disposition, his loyalty and fidelity to 
his friends, his unswerving adherence to what he believed right, 
and his high character, none knew him but to love him. He was 
the soul of honor, the truest type of Southern Chivalry and 
Southern manhood. He was a man of conviction, but tolerant 
of those who differed with him, always conceding to others what 
he claimed for himself — honesty of purpose. His heart went 
out in sympathy to those in distress and no one in need of help 
ever appealed to him in vain. * * * 

"With the passing of Col. Jones, the Alabama Bar Association 
loses one of its ablest members, the State a valuable citizen, and 
his family a devoted husband and father. Though he died over 
a thousand miles from his native State, it is well that his ashes 
shall rest beneath the sod of Alabama. The name and memory 
of Chas. P. Jones will ever live in the hearts of those who knew 
and loved him." 

EDWIN 9 FRANCIS JONES, third son of Samuel 8 Goode 
and Martha W. Goode Jones, was born at Montgomery, Dec. 
21, 1853. He was educated at the East Alabama Conference 
College (now A. P. I. at Auburn) and the Virginia Military In- 
stitute. He was admitted to the bar July 31st, 1876 and was 
assistant United States Attorney for the Middle District of Ala- 
bama in 1896 and in 1902 served as a Special Judge for the 
Fifth Alabama Circuit and in 1906 he was assistant United 
States Attorney for the Territory of Arizona. On April 8, 1880, 
he married Bertha Hansford Stubbs, only daughter of Isham 
Baytop Stubbs and Mary A. C. Stubbs of Montgomery and has 
issue as follows: 1. Samuel Baytop Jones, b. at Montgomery, 
Feb. 26, 1884 and 2. Mary Virginia Jones, b. at Montgomery, 
Feb. 26, 1888. She was married at Tucson, Ariz., on Aug. 9. 
1911, to Albert Montgomery and has one son, born Dec. 23, 1912 
at Tucson, and named Edwin Jones Montgomery. For a good 
many years past Mr. Jones and his family have made their home 
in Tucson, Ariz., where Mr. Jones is engaged in the practise 
of his profession. 

( "6 ) 



INDEX 



Anderson, Gen. Geo. B., 61-63. 

Anderson, Robt. W., 39. 

Anderson, Wm. E., 39. 

Appomatox, 100. 

Armstrong, Aurora E., 91. 

Armstrong, Martha W., 91. 

Armstrong, Samuel J., 90. 

Ashe, Lieut. John Baptista, 33. 

Ashe, Maria, 64. 

Ashe, Mary, 33. 

Ashe, Thos. S., 42. 

Ashe, Caroline B., 42, 62. 

Battle, Edmund S., 62. 

Battle, Frank, 35. 

Battle, John A. M., 34. 

Battle, Jno. S., 60. 

Battle, Louis J., 62. 

Battle, Mrs. R. H., 62. 

Battle, Walter G., 60. 

Baker, Harry B„ 64. 

Baker, T. Roberts, 47. 

Binns, Lucy, 81. 

Birch, Alex C, 70-1. 

Birch, Allie C, 61. 

Birch, Florence Milner, 70. 

Bird, Caroline S., 56-7. 

Bird, Georgena C, 67. 

Bird, Dr. Marshall Henry, 56. 

Bird, Martha Sophia, 57. 

Bizzell, Frank, 41. 

Blair, Christian, 82. 

Blair, John, 83. 

Bolline:, John, 89. 

Boiling. Col. Robt., 89. 

Brevard, Joseph, 94. 

Bryan, Anne Butler, 84. 

Burgwin, Augustus, 46. 

Burgwin, Ann Maria, 43. 

Burgwin, Bartlett R., 65. 

Burgwin, Caroline E., 23. 

Burgwin, Collinson P. E., 29. 

Burgwin, Eliza Busu, 20-21. 

Burgwin, Geo. Wm. Bush, 27. 

Burgwin, Geo. Collinson, 46. 

Burgwin, Geo. Pollok, 54, 64-5. 

Burgwin, Hill, 43-46. 

Burgwin, Henry King, 29. 

Burgwin, Col. Henry King, 47-51. 

Burgwin, John Alveston, 55. 

Burgwin, j. H. K., 39, 40, 43. 

Burgwin, John Fanning, 22. 

BURGWIN, JOHN, 9, 13, 15, 16, 

19, 21, 24. 
Burgwin, Julia T., 28. 

( 



Burgwin, James, 10. 
Burgwin, Kenneth, 46. 
Burgwin, Sarah E., 29. 
Burgwin, Col. W. H. S., 51-54, 65. 
Burgwin, Witherspoon H., 43. 
Burwell, Armistead, 82. 
Burwell, Col. Lewis, 82. 
Bush, Eliza, 17. 
Bush, Family of, 18. 
Cargill, John, 81. 
Cargill, Lucy Binns, 81. 
Castle Haynes, 12. 
Clitherall, Allie, 61. 
Clitherall, Judge Alexander B., 35-38. 
Clitherall, Eliza Inglis, 30. 
Clitherall, Frances E. King, 34. 
Clitherall, Dr. George Campbell, 25. 
Clitherall, Geo. Bush Burgwin, 34. 
Clitherall, Harriet Alexanderine, 34. 
Clitherall, John, 25. 
Clitherall, Madeleine, 35. 
Clitherall, Mattie, 60. 
Clitherall, Minnie, 60. 
Code of Ethics, 107. 
Cohoon, Gena, 72. 
Cohoon, Goode Jones, 72. 
Cohoon, Martha Goode, 72. 
Cohoon, Thos. J., 72. 
Cohoon, Thos. W., 72. 
Cohoon, Willis, 72. 
Collinson, Rev. John, 25. 
Dandridge, Mary, 82. 
Dandridge, Capt. Wm., 83. 
Davis, Rebecca Moore, 33. 
Deas, Mrs. Margaret, 42. 
De Pass, Ethel, 64. 
De Pass, Lily, 64. 
Devereux, John, 23. 
Dunlop, Margaret C, 53. 
Edwards, Eunice, 22. 
Edwards, Jonathan, 22. 
Ellsberry, Arthur, 60. 
Ellsberry, Clitherall, 70. 
Ellsberry, Katherine C, 70. 
Ellsberry, Kate, 69. 
Ellsberry, Mattie, 60. 
Ellsberry, William E. Jr., 60. 
Ewing, Mary, 91. 
Ewing, Robt., 91. 
Fauntleroy, Netta Battle, 59. 
Fauntleroy, Philip William, 60. 
Fauntleroy, Thos. Turner, 60. 
Forbes, Sally Ann, 34. 
Gait, Ann Riggs, 66. 
117 ) 



Gait, Edw. P., 66. 

Gait, Junius Riggs, 66. 

Gait, Mary, 66. 

Gait, Wm. Clark, 66. 

Gesner, Mary Virginia, 9o. 

Gettysburg, 50. 

Goode, John, 82. 

Goode, Mary Armistead, 82. 

Goode, Richd., 82. 

Goode, Robt., 82. 

Goode, Col. Samuel, 82. 

Goode, Dr. Thos., 90. 

Hall, Mrs. A. P., 57. 

Harrison, Elizabeth, 80. 

Harrison, Nathaniel, 81. 

Haynes, Roger, 11. 

Haynes, Mary, 12. 

Haynes, Margaret, 11. 

Hermitage, The, 12-14. 

Hilliard, F. W., 41. 

Holt, Chas. T., 71. 

Holt, Louisa M., 71. 

Horst, Hattie C, 68. 

Horst, Henry A. Jr., 68. 

Huek, Mrs. Lewis N., 35-57. 

Hunt, Sarah j. ierrepont, 22. 

Inglis, Eliza, 11. 

Inglis, George, 10. 

Jackson, "Stonewall," 97-47. 

Johnston, Samuel Iredell, 41. 

Johnston, Rev. Gabriel, 42. 

Jones, Col. Charles Pollard, 114-115. 

Jones, Carter, 91. 

Jones, Edwin Burwell, 95. 

Jones, Edward Elmore, 95. 

Jones, Edwin Francis, 116. 

Jones, Franklin Elmore, 95. 

Jones, Geo. C, 57. 

Jones, George H., 69. 

Jones, Geo. Mason, 95. 

Jones, Geo. Lovick, 35. 

Jones, Gordon H., 72. 

Jones, Harvey E., 57-59. 

Jones, Harvey E. Jr., 69. 

Jones, "Hellcat," 80. 

Jones, John, 80-81. 

Jones, Rev. John Cargill, 82. 

Jones, J. Paul, 82. 

Jones, Col. John, 79-80. 

Jones, John Stewart, 69. 

Jones, John Ravenscroft, 95. 

Jones, Joseph Brevard, 94. 

Jones, Laura Goode, 115. 

Jones, Madeleine, 60. 

Jones, Minnie AVilmer, 59. 

Jones, Martha W., 90. 



Jones, Marshall B., 68. 
Jones, Netta S., 68. 
Jones, Major Peter, 77-8. 
Jones, Richard Wilmer, 68. 
Jones, Rev. Richd., 77. 
Jones, Sam B., 116. 
Jones, Samuel Goode, 68. 
Jones, Maj. S. G., 94. 
Jones, Col. Samuel G., 84-96. 
Jones, Rchd. C, 82. 
Jones, Thomas Goode, 67, 96, 114. 
Jones. Thos. G. Jr., 68. 
Jones, Dr. Thos. W., 81-S2. 
Jones, Mrs. Polly, 84. 
Jones, Virginius, 82. 
Jones, Walter Burgwyn, 73. 
Jones, Wm. Fitzhugh, 69. 
King, Mrs. F. E., 25. 
Knox, Mary Ann, 90. 
Lanier, Robt., 87. 
Lawrence, Dudley Bates, 71. 
Lawrence, Kate Birch, 71. 
Lawrence, Katurah V., 71. 
LeGrand, Kate E., 69. 
LeGrand, Milton t„ 69. 
LeGrand, Wm. H., 69. 
Lillington, Gov. Alexander, 33. 
Lillington, Elizabeth, 33. 
Lillington, Sarah, 32. 
Lockhart, Ashe, 63. 
Lockhart, Caroline, 63. 
Lockhart, Jas. Alexander, 63. 
Lockhart, S. S., 63. 
Long, Bettie Gray, 65. 
McLendon, C. A., 62. 
McRae, Rev. C. F., 28. 
Maffitt, Sarah Q., 64. 
Marsden, Rev. R., 11. 
Marshall, James C, 64. 
Marshall, Maria Nash, 64. 
Marshall, Thos. A., 64. 
Marshall, Wm. L., 64. 
Maury, Madeleine, 69. 
Maury, James Fontaine 

and family, 69. 
Miller, Robert, 64. 
Montgomery, Edwin J., 116. 
Moore, Caroline Sophia, 56. 
Moore, Eliza Inglis, 30. 
Moore, George, 33. 
Moore, Georgena Rebecca, 56. 
Moore, Gov. James, 31. 
Moore, Gen. Jas., 32. 
Moore, Junius A., 30, 31. 
Moore, Maurice, 32. 
Moore, "Old Kin.?" Roger, 32. 



( H8 ) 



Murray, Mary, 

Nash, Abner, 28. 

Nash, Maria, 27. 

Owen, Gena Jones, 72. 

Owen, Rev. Horace T., 72. 

Owen, Thos. J., 72. 

Parker, Jno. D., 42. 

Parker, Jno. J., 

Perry, Mrs. Jno. D., 42. 

Phillips, Mary, 46. 

Pocahontas, 89-90. 

Polk, Bishop Leonidas, 23. 

Pollok, Maj. Gen. Thos., 22. 

Porter, John Jr., 32. 

Quince, Parker, 43. 

Quince, Sarah, 64. 

Read, Susan, 46. 

Ridley, Emma W., 55. 

Riggs, Ann Fleming, 66. 

Riggs, Georgena, 56. 

Riggs, Eliza Moore, 66. 

Riggs, Joel, 56. 

Riggs, Junius M., 66-7. 

Rolfe, John, 89. 

Roper, Emily Bartlett, 65. 

Roosevelt, Pres. Theodore, 112. 

Rushin, Bessie E., 69. 

Rushin, James E., 69. 



Scott, Annie Battle, 57. 
Smith, Mrs. E. I., 25. 
Spotswood, Ann, 84. 
Spotswood, Gov. Alexr., 84. 
Spotswood, John, 83. 
Spotts, Major Sam'l., 34. 
Still, Mrs. Wm., 62. 
Stewart, Elva, 71. 
STONELAND, 83. 
Strudwick, Samuel, 33. 
Swann, Eliza, 33. 
Swann, Sam'l., 33. 
Taylor, J. Hunt and family, 
Tarleton, Banastre, 80. 
Tarver, B. J., 66. 
Tarver, Carrie B., 66, 71. 
Thornbury, 26. 
Waddell, Gen. Hugh, 12. 
Wadsworth, Mrs. Jessie D., 6 
Warren, Dr. Wm., 41. 
Warren-Bey, Dr. Ed., 41. 
West, John, 83. 
Whittle, L. N., 87. 
Wood, Gen. Abraham, 77. 
Wood, Margaret, 77. 
Yeamans, Elizabeth, 33. 
Yeamans, Sir John, 33. 
Yeamans, Sheriff Robert, 33. 



( H9 )